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37

A real "Gold mark" it is not. Real leather it is, originally intended for shoe soles. This is Notgeld or Ersatz-money, issued after the Great War during the period known as hyperinflation and was one of the last tries to combat the consequences of inflation on a local level. Although most of these were printed on fancy papers, intended for local ...


30

The V1 and V2 were short range missiles. The V-2 had an operational range of 200 miles while the V-1 had an operational range of 160 miles. These missiles weren't available until mid-1944, at which point the Soviets had pushed the Nazis back hundreds of miles. This means that the only things that could be hit were areas that had been recently overrun by ...


17

The Holland Lop is a popular species of lop-eared rabbit. The accusation of being a "lop-eared Dutch" is of cowardice, an expectation that the accused will "run like a rabbit" from battle; and perhaps an allusion to First Manassas. The "Dutch" portion of the phrase would reference not only the (Amish and Mennonite) German ...


14

This is Kiel, before 1958. The signal tower was build in 1912 and dismantled in 1958. It is located at the Kiellinie on the Blücherbrücke: It had to be torn down as it developed some Pisa-esque characteristics after the war. 54°20'19.3"N, 10°9'30.9"E As it was a frequent guest at exactly this place, I'm going out on a limb and make a wild guess ...


12

Among his other accomplishments, Leibniz was one of the pioneers of what we today call Linguistics. This means he studied a lot of languages, but would have had a smaller set he actually was good enough to communicate in. Given this spectrum of competency, it would probably be best to classify languages he "knew" by how he used them. Languages he actually ...


12

According to the site unionemilitare.com, this is an DISTINTIVO CONVEGNO ITALO-TEDESCO, ROMA MAGGIO 1938. Translation: ITALIAN-GERMAN CONFERENCE (or MEETING) BADGE, ROME MAY 1938. The site has a badge very similar to yours: The site provides the following additional information: Distintivo smaltato e numerato assegnato agli organizzatori del ...


6

The Fi 103 ("V-1") and Aggregat 4 ("V-2") were not precision weapons, by any stretch of the imagination. The Fi 103 guidance system was primitive, and target deviation was measured in kilometers. The Aggregat 4 fared only marginally better. From the linked WP article: Initially, V-1s landed within a circle 19 miles (31 kilometres) in diameter, but by ...


6

Once you start looking into wartime German model names you realize it's a big mess. David Willey, curator of The Tank Museum, mentions this in Tank Chats #16. The actual first model is not Ausführung A, the model A, as we normally would consider them. They work down the letters in the German system. The first model that goes into production is actually ...


5

The Holland lop rabbit breed is from 1952 and was only introduced to America at the end of the 1970s. That's what it says on the Wikipedia page for that breed already. Rabbits are also certainly not the only species known for having droopy ears. These are found for example in pigs, horses and asses. That is just a quite common sign in many domesticated ...


5

This post is intended as a 'supplement' to T.E.D.'s, filling in some details on when and how he learnt various languages. Until the age of six, when his father died, Leibniz spoke German at home. At seven he began to teach himself Latin using illustration and a work by Livy to help him. At either nine or twelve (depending on which source you believe), he ...


4

Panther variants designation is a highly controversial topic. There are many conflicting pieces of information, some sources are based on Allied intelligence reports and many info has just been invented postwar to make some sense of the whole Panther versioning mess. First, you must appreciate that the Panther tank was constantly changing. There are ...


2

The answer to your title question is "Yes": an English translation was published in London by Chapman & Hall in 1949. It seems to have been originally published in 1946 in French, with subsequent translations into German (1954), Dutch (1955), Swedish (1957), etc. You can read all about these various editions on WorldCat Some libraries holding copies ...


2

Each Axis power signed their own surrender documents. No doubt the protocol for each such meeting was different, with similarities (we're talking military operations here, there's bound to be a guide book on how to arrange such things somewhere in the military manuals of most nations). What happened to the signing parties would depend heavily on the terms ...


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