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49 votes

Can anyone identify the military branch and rank of the man in the front row? This is from Germany @1932

This is a Railway (Reichsbahn) uniform from the period 1924 until June 1935. The rank is probably Rangieraufseher (Shunting supervisor). Ranks, 1924-1935-06 Railway Cap, 1924-1935-06 Source: ...
Mark Johnson's user avatar
  • 9,724
37 votes
Accepted

Leather 1.50 German gold mark

A real "Gold mark" it is not. Real leather it is, originally intended for shoe soles. This is Notgeld or Ersatz-money, issued after the Great War during the period known as hyperinflation and was ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 80.9k
32 votes

Can anyone identify the military branch and rank of the man in the front row? This is from Germany @1932

If this is the relevant person: (click to enlarge pictures) then the actual salient points are: cap: 'flying/winged wheels', double cockade -> Reichsbahn employee shoulderboards to be expected ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
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29 votes

Was an uppercase j used to replace an uppercase i letter on German monument inscriptions?

Fraktur, a typeface that was common in Germany until well into the 20th century, uses a capital I that is very much alike to a capital J in other fonts. See these samples on Wikipedia; the capital J ...
Glorfindel's user avatar
  • 1,553
26 votes

Where can I find all Hitler speeches in original German?

A reliable and complete one-stop historical-critical collection of all speeches is still to be made. You can consult lots of collections, also online. But only for parts of different timeframes are ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 80.9k
23 votes

Was an uppercase j used to replace an uppercase i letter on German monument inscriptions?

Can uppercase j be used to replace an uppercase i letter on a German monument inscription? Before 1945, it was common place to replace uppercase 'i' with an uppercase 'j' letter. The main reason was ...
Mark Johnson's user avatar
  • 9,724
18 votes

Can anyone identify the military branch and rank of the man in the front row? This is from Germany @1932

It is not an Imperial, Weimar, or Third Reich naval uniform. It does, however, appear to be a Weimar period reichsbahn (railroad) police uniform . . . Some discussion in a collectors' forum here ...
R Leonard's user avatar
  • 5,146
17 votes

Why were Union troops referred to as "lop-eared Dutch"?

The Holland Lop is a popular species of lop-eared rabbit. The accusation of being a "lop-eared Dutch" is of cowardice, an expectation that the accused will "run like a rabbit" from ...
Pieter Geerkens's user avatar
14 votes

Identification of harbor and ships

This is Kiel, before 1958. The signal tower was build in 1912 and dismantled in 1958. It is located at the Kiellinie on the Blücherbrücke: It had to be torn down as it developed some Pisa-esque ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 80.9k
13 votes

What is this German/Italian badge?

According to the site unionemilitare.com, this is an DISTINTIVO CONVEGNO ITALO-TEDESCO, ROMA MAGGIO 1938. Translation: ITALIAN-GERMAN CONFERENCE (or MEETING) BADGE, ROME MAY 1938. The site has a ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
12 votes
Accepted

How many languages did Leibniz speak?

Among his other accomplishments, Leibniz was one of the pioneers of what we today call Linguistics. This means he studied a lot of languages, but would have had a smaller set he actually was good ...
11 votes

What WW2 German badge is this?

It's a Reich Universität Heidelberg sport emblem I have found two sites who sell these and they give the following description linnen-based- and/or: 'BeVo'-woven cloth-based sportshirt-patch ...
Tom Sol's user avatar
  • 2,247
10 votes
Accepted

Why was the first production PzKpfw V (Panther) called the Ausf.D, and the second production version called the Ausf.A?

UPDATE I have found a definitive answer to at least the first part, thanks to Steven J Flebbe on Patreon. This comes from German Tanks In World War Two In Action by George Forty, former director of ...
Schwern's user avatar
  • 55.1k
8 votes

Why were Union troops referred to as "lop-eared Dutch"?

The Holland lop rabbit breed is from 1952 and was only introduced to America at the end of the 1970s. That's what it says on the Wikipedia page for that breed already. Rabbits are also certainly not ...
Stewie's user avatar
  • 197
6 votes

How can I identify the uniform and other details in this picture of my great grandfather circa 1913?

The details that are discernible are few, and the lack of detail overall a major hinderance. With only a rough year range (per marriage date between 1908–1913) and two firm locations identified with &...
6 votes

Why did NSDAP hate communism (socialism), despite having socialism within the party?

NSDAP have a different point of view on socialism? It didn't really. The "socialism" in the party's name was never anything more than a great big steaming pile of marketing. They were ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
  • 120k
6 votes

Was an uppercase j used to replace an uppercase i letter on German monument inscriptions?

Actually it is much simpler: the name Ida is sometimes written Jda; the inscription says Jda because the woman wrote her name that way. This does not mean that in general one can substitute the letter ...
AlexP's user avatar
  • 61
5 votes

Was an uppercase j used to replace an uppercase i letter on German monument inscriptions?

The convention of replacing uppercase I with J seems to be used in other languages, too. I recently visited a WW1 war grave with a monument commemorating Italian POWs: Agli Eroi d‘Jtalia 1914-1918 ...
nd.'s user avatar
  • 151
5 votes

Is a WW2 German bank note with a LITZMANNSTAND symbol possibly fake?

At first glance, this sounds like a fake. There is no mention of overprinted German notes. The statement from the seller is correct, but not for Łódź/Litzmannstadt (they dodged the question). Starting ...
Mark Johnson's user avatar
  • 9,724
5 votes

Did the Germans use the V1 and V2 missile system on the Eastern Front in World War 2?

The Fi 103 ("V-1") and Aggregat 4 ("V-2") were not precision weapons, by any stretch of the imagination. The Fi 103 guidance system was primitive, and target deviation was measured in kilometers. ...
DevSolar's user avatar
  • 14k
5 votes

How many languages did Leibniz speak?

This post is intended as a 'supplement' to T.E.D.'s, filling in some details on when and how he learnt various languages. Until the age of six, when his father died, Leibniz spoke German at home. At ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
4 votes

Why was the first production PzKpfw V (Panther) called the Ausf.D, and the second production version called the Ausf.A?

Panther variants designation is a highly controversial topic. There are many conflicting pieces of information, some sources are based on Allied intelligence reports and many info has just been ...
Loki's user avatar
  • 41
4 votes

Is a WW2 German bank note with a LITZMANNSTAND symbol possibly fake?

Well, this certainly needs more scrutiny: Lotz (German: Litzmannstadt) had their own currency. When the ghetto was created, its inhabitants were forced to exchange their cash and valuables for the ...
nvoigt's user avatar
  • 4,609
4 votes

Why did NSDAP hate communism (socialism), despite having socialism within the party?

Why did Germany during the era of NSDAP have a different point of view on socialism? In short: it was the difference between: Nationalism is an ideology that strives for identification and ...
Mark Johnson's user avatar
  • 9,724
3 votes

What do the marking on these artillery shell casings in brass and steel mean?

The dimensions indicate these are likely 77 x 230R (R for Rimmed) for 7.7cm German artillery. Steel shell AEG is the manufacturer: Algemeine Elektricität Gesellschaft Berlin (English: General ...
Schwern's user avatar
  • 55.1k
3 votes
Accepted

What was the nature of conflict between Helvetii and German in prelude to Gallic Wars?

As was mentioned in the comments, the only actual personal documentation we have of this is the very account of Caesar. So if he didn't answer the question about their motivations, technically there's ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
  • 120k
2 votes

Has Matéo Maximoff's book Die Ursitory been translated to English?

The answer to your title question is "Yes": an English translation was published in London by Chapman & Hall in 1949. It seems to have been originally published in 1946 in French, with ...
kimchi lover's user avatar
  • 5,952
2 votes

Surrender Ceremonies at the End of WW2: What happened after documents signed?

Each Axis power signed their own surrender documents. No doubt the protocol for each such meeting was different, with similarities (we're talking military operations here, there's bound to be a guide ...
jwenting's user avatar
  • 11.3k

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