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4

However, no apparent sign appeared to me to link this type of symbolism directly to nazism (especially since it wasn't known if the eagle was carrying any swastika). Well, the eagle as displayed the way the Nazis displayed it, together with the word "Fatherland" in some gothic font certainly makes it a symbol of the Third Reich. Either that, or the guy is a ...


7

Simply by using (or abusing) it. An heraldic eagle (or any other heraldic symbol) on its own is neutral. Remember the 3 powers of advertising: repeat, repeat and repeat. I live in Thailand were the swastika has a very different (and religious) meaning. I've seen a Buddhist temple with a fence decorated with swastika's. To me it's somewhat eerily funny, but ...


3

Here is an interesting undergraduate thesis that compares the different ways the eagle was appropriated as a national symbol in US and German contexts. In both cases, the author traces this symbol to Roman times (the aquila). Regarding the specific way the Nazi Party (NSDAP) used the eagle (the Parteiadler): When the partially Germanic Holy Roman Empire ...


5

I'm looking for rational motives from a military standpoint It might be a lot more "rational" if you apply a different kind of logic. We like to think of military strategy of something that is a task in optimizing all the resources you have to gain an acceptable outcome, where one of the acceptable outcomes might be honorable defeat and maybe capture. ...


9

tl;dr: Initiative. This is the same reason Stalin kept ordering counterattacks in 1941 and 1942 - because it is the only way to stop (or at least slow down) an advancing overwhelming force, because in a (counter)offensive you select the time and place of the battle and can (try to) do it to your advantage. I understand that this sounds counterintuitive, ...


5

To expand on the answer by @Aaron Brick: Google Translate does a passable job on this more detailed history of the Thuringian States as well as this one on Saxe-Altenburg specifically. Here is the former's explanation of the 1826 dynastic land division: In 1826, the last dynastic land division took place in the Ernestine lands after the extinction of the ...


6

This transition came about due to the 1825 extinction of the Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg line, which reorganized the Thuringian States, including Saxe-Altenburg. Per Wikipedia, "As a result of an arbitration issued by King Frederick Augustus I of Saxony in 1826, the Ernestine duchies were rearranged and Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg was again split".


1

Question: Why did the German Military and Police not intervene during the years of NSDAP ascend? The German military was basically bought off. The German government and military believed that they could deal with Hitler politically and that it was his para military arm which was the real threat. The Brown Shirts (SA or Sturmabteilung) were the Nazi's ...


7

Very simplified, confidence in the democratic center deteriorated and the extreme edges, the Communists and the Nazis, grew. Many cops and soldiers sided with the Nazis. For much of the 20s and early 30s, it was far from clear that the Nazis and not the Communists would win. Given this choice, many of the more conservative Germans would side with anyone who ...


7

According to this source, Nürnberg adopted the calendar in 1699:


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