Podcast #128: We chat with Kent C Dodds about why he loves React and discuss what life was like in the dark days before Git. Listen now.
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The USSR didn't tend to go in for economic competition, but it made good use of intellectual competition and competition for prestige. It was also relatively good at creating organisations that did a specific thing, and kept on doing that. The competition between the MiG and Sukhoi fighter design offices, for example, was quite significant, driven by ...


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Genuinely like John Dallman's answer, but I'll add some to it: Outside of Party political games, one way to live a better life in the USSR was to hold a position prized by the Party. And something that was very much rewarded was anything that allowed the Communist system to get ahead of their enemies in fields that could lead to military advances. So it ...


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The official, factual side As unsatisfactory as that might sound @JMS is rightly focussing on first Göring and then Dönitz/Goebbels, although the later declined to survive so that Schwerin von Krosigk was stepped up. But that is really it, as this is most typical of a dictatorship that is based on the love of the people for that very person. This is ...


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Most empires (Achaemenid, Roman, Eastern Roman, Osman, Austro-Hungarian and Russian) had very diverse populations and were quite sustainable. Even if you count Eastern Roman empire separately from the Western one, the Western one existed for more than 400 years, and the Eastern one for 1000 years after that. Actually many European countries have very ...


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Switzerland consists of German-speaking and French-speaking populations, plus some smaller groups. Pretty stable for 500 years.


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Question: Had things gone his way, how did Hitler imagine his succession? Background: Health of Adolf Hitler Hitler's physical health has long been the topic of speculation. Physically Hitler suffered from tremors and irregular heartbeat during the last years of his life. Hitler's personal doctor Dr. Theodor Morell diagnosed him with ...


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The "Noto Servizio" or "Anello" in Italy should qualify. The "Noto Servizio" was an Italian secret organization made up of former officers, entrepreneurs, industrialists, subjects of the political and economic world, and organized crime, founded towards the end of World War II by fascist war-criminal Mario Roatta, although Wikipedia doesn't know much…) and ...


5

To assume each branch of government will "go to war" is simply a misunderstanding of parliamentarism ("Parliament is supreme"). If OP did not mean, literally, the branches fight each other physically, but a more modest "in conflict" -- whereby the legislature's intention was not interpreted by the judiciary appropriately, and in similiar vein, the ...


4

No, the Governor of Virginia had no power of veto in 1786. The Commonwealth of Virginia adopted its first Constitution on 29 June 1776. This was superseded by the second constitution in 1830. The First Constitution is therefore the one that would have applied in 1786. That Constitution did not give the Governor any power of veto. It states simply that: ...


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USSR innovation seems to have been rather field-specific. To contrast with the efforts and results in space engineering would be, for example, much less effective innovation in the fields of pharmaceuticals and other medical sciences. They had legal provision for titles such as "Honoured inventor of the Soviet Union" but perhaps these were rather weak ...


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(I'm not sure I've got an answer, but I've got some research that may help someone else find a better answer). The practice appears to be commonplace in European commercial and industrial applications. In commercial and industrial applications (delivery times, production plans, etc.), especially in Europe, it is often required to refer to a week of a ...


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Spanish Commissioned Ranks The biography of Joaquín Blake y Joyes on the Napoleonic Series traces his promotion history as: 1774 enrolls as an officer cadet (at 14 years age!) 1775: commissioned as Subteniente de fusileros; 1777: appointed as maestro de cadetes 1781: promoted to Subteniente de granaderos (likely a lateral recognition from a command ...


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The British have had a stable government from 1688 (arguably from the 1660 Restoration) to the present, a run that predates the U.S. Constitution ratification in 1788 by 100 years, As both forms of government continue in tandem, the former has clearly run for a longer extent than the latter. As both governments are also Representative Democracies, the U.S. ...


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Your question is primarily terminological and cannot have a historical answer. Australia in the early 2000s had federal parliamentary elections combined with a court found constitutional separation of executive and judicial functions. The executive function and judicial function found themselves in conflict over the executive's position on torturing UN ...


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Both Japan and China have long had people of different religious convictions (Buddhism and Shintoism in Japan, Buddhism and Daoism in China). But neither of these religions insists on "You shall have no other gods beside me", so they do not lead to the emergence of clearly distinguishable groups and therefore the effect on political stability is small. Edit:...


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I haven't seen "industrial espionage" yet. Soviet Union may have made aircraft, but that's about it; most of the technology was built locally with stolen components. They were stolen both through espionage in the west, ant through extortion from their satellite states, some of which had been much more advanced before the USSR occupied them (Czechoslovakia ...


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The effect of increasing the size of Roman Empire affected the control of the Senate over the armies. While Rome was only a small city, the Senate was able to choose Consuls for each year, and rise an army for each campaign. But, when Rome increased its size, it was necessary to keep armies far away of the city, so the members of the army started to be ...


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I have to agree with @Felix Goldberg. Communication wasn't the real problem. Remaining in power most certainly was, for many emperors. The mortality rate of emperors was as high as gladiators. Not that many died peacefully in bed. Communication was done with the cursus publicus which remained more or less in tact until the very end of the empire. That ...


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Major Karl Magnus Von Behm was my 5xgreat grandfather. His wife Eva Von Borg was a friend of the Empress Catherine 11. She wanted Alaska to be opened up for settlers and the Major was to find a doctor willing to go. He was to build forts, open up the infrastructure and set up a good administration. He was recommended to her as being an honest man. He ...


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