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76 votes
Accepted

How did the ancient Greeks synchronize time?

In the particular case of Eratosthenes measuring the radius of the earth, it was done by observing the length of shadows at midday on the summer solstice, in cities that were north-south aligned (to ...
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26 votes

When did the Greeks stop calling themselves "Roman"?

The Byzantine empire was a continuation of the older Roman empire in the East but it was gradually transformed into a different political entity. Meaning: The original Roman empire used Latin as an ...
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25 votes
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When did the Greeks stop calling themselves "Roman"?

You are right, the name Hellenes means “pagans” in the New Testament, and was consequently abandoned by Greek Christians, who preferred to call themselves “Romans”. The term Hellene was revived by the ...
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24 votes
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What is the history of the university asylum law?

This goes back to Frederick Barbarossa. He granted the university the so called scholar's privilege the privilegium scholasticum or authentica habita in 1150s. Full universities had to be granted ...
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20 votes

Why did nationalism in all of Europe surge in the 19th century?

Who protects your daily security? Who does your loyalty belong to? Initially (in the middle ages), the answer was your local nobleman, and, through him, via the duke and/or kind, to the Holy Roman ...
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19 votes
Accepted

Are there any writings by blinded and/or exiled Byzantine emperors?

John VI Kantakouzenos John VI Kantakouzenos, who reigned from 31 March 1347 to 10 December 1354, is the emperor who comes closest to meeting your criteria. He was deposed by his co-emperor John V ...
18 votes

What happened to those ethnic Greeks who converted to Islam during the Ottoman empire?

This or other similar questions are very much debated, and does not have a simple answer. One shall start by asking who is a Greek, and who is a Turk. Throughout the history, in the geography where ...
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17 votes

Why did Latin take root so deeply in Italy, Gaul, and the Iberian Peninsula, but not Greece or beyond?

Suspect it was because Greek already had well established literacy whereas other regions you name were much less literate. The Latin alphabet was based on the Etruscan alphabet which was in turn based ...
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17 votes
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What happened to those ethnic Greeks who converted to Islam during the Ottoman empire?

After the war between Greece and Turkey in the aftermath of WW I the two countries agreed on an exchange of minorities. But the question of who was “Greek” and who was “Turkish” was decided entirely ...
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17 votes
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When was the Ottoman mosque within the Parthenon demolished?

There were actually two mosques built within the Parthenon, the first was mostly destroyed when the explosion took place in 1687. The second mosque, which you are referring to is discussed in The ...
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16 votes
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Where did the Greeks look for descendants of the Byzantine dynasties?

They looked in England, but nothing came of it. During the Greek War of Independence, a commission investigated Cornwall, England for descendants of the Palaiologan dynasty. Supposedly, a certain ...
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16 votes

How did the ancient Greeks synchronize time?

To add to the answer of PhillS: there was essentially no method of exact time synchronization in two remote places before 17th century. The method of observation at noon at two places only works UNDER ...
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15 votes

Why did Latin take root so deeply in Italy, Gaul, and the Iberian Peninsula, but not Greece or beyond?

Greek states were very much culturally superior to Rome at the time of conquest. This was recognized even by the Romans themselves. A well-educated Roman had to read and speak Greek. There was ...
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14 votes
Accepted

What did Nikolas Mystikos call his countrymen in official correspondence?

Just a hint, according to Greek wikipedia entry (which cites this book), the Patriarch wrote Ῥωμαῖοι - Rhōmaîoi in the letter.: Οι δύο δυνάμεις ολόκληρου του σύμπαντος, η δύναμη των Σαρακηνών και ...
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12 votes

Why didn't the European Christians take back Constantinopole?

There was no "good" time for Europeans to take back Constantinople. As late as 1683, the Ottomans had the upper hand, besieging Vienna. Up to that point, Europe was more concerned about defending ...
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10 votes
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How was Herodotus able to get accounts of the Battle of Thermopylae?

Firstly, your assertion that: > It is said he recorded the last words of the Spartans "stranger go tell Sparta we lie here obedient to her laws " is incorrect. That is actually the wording of an ...
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10 votes
Accepted

Is Makarios III's harsh quote on Turkish Cypriots accurate?

The exact quote or close variants of it never show up with a proper source attribution. That is usually a sign that those typing these words cannot name one. And I tend to dismiss all of these cases ...
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9 votes
Accepted

Why was the Hexamillion wall incapable of preventing invasion?

Unlike a city wall, that has people always around it to man and guard it, a free standing border wall tends to get stripped of manpower whenever the attention of the state building it falters. An ...
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9 votes

When did the Greeks stop calling themselves "Roman"?

Simpler answer: the Roman Empire centered in Constantinople was always the Roman Empire and the Greek-speaking Roman Christians continued to refer to themselves as Romans even during Ottoman rule (and ...
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9 votes
Accepted

Is it true that many great ancient warriors were vegan?

So officially, would carry wheat and barley but they ate whatever they could find, Armies back then were principally fed with wheat, the soldiers would have likely ate plain whole wheat bread ...
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9 votes

Why were Muslims in Western Thrace and Christians in Constantinople excluded from the population exchange?

Not a full answer, but I expect it to be useful until a better one shows up. Most of Greeks expelled from Turkey weren't expelled after the exchange was accorded but they were already in Greece (...
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8 votes
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Why did not UK assist Greece in 1919 war?

Is the question: "Why did the Great Britain not assist Greek expansionism in the Aegean (specifically Asia Minor/Anatolia) at the expense of the Turks?" Well Jon Custer's comment that war-weariness ...
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8 votes
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Why was religion used as the basis of Turkey-Greece population exchange instead of language, ethnicity, etc.?

Ataturk was not the architect of this exchange. The idea of protecting minorities in former Ottoman Empire came from the western Allies - according to the wiki article on the Lausanne Conference, ...
7 votes

What happened to those ethnic Greeks who converted to Islam during the Ottoman empire?

They melted in with the local population. In Turkey there's no such notion of pure race. I'm from a village located within the Black Sea region of Turkey. We have bazaar which are in ruins today left ...
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7 votes

Are modern Greeks related to the ancient Greeks?

A study published in the August, 2017 issue of Nature claims to have established a link between the modern Greek population and the Mycenaeans based on DNA analysis from ancient remains. From the ...
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7 votes

What is the history of the university asylum law?

Why do universities prefer to have their own police force? I can address this a little bit in the United States context. As you noted, the rise of campus police forces came after campus protests in ...
6 votes

What happened to Muslim spouses who converted to Christianity during the 1923 Graeco-Turkish population exchange?

Officially, If you were a Muslim in Greece, you could be exempt from compulsory deportation if you were: part of the ethnic Albanian community a resident of Thrace The Greek government had placed no ...
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6 votes

What happened to those ethnic Greeks who converted to Islam during the Ottoman empire?

Although many of the Muslims in Greece were deported to Turkey, some ended up in other places. In Crete, most of the Muslims were Greeks who had converted. There was a massacre by Greek nationalists ...
6 votes

Are there any other "Delphic Temple"-like sites in the world?

There is another ancient Greek religious site which meets the criteria of what you're describing. The Ploutonion at Hierapolis, a temple dedicate to Pluto/Hades, was build upon the entrance to a cave ...
5 votes

Where did the Greeks look for descendants of the Byzantine dynasties?

To add another answer. Yes, there were plenty of nobles in Europe who could trace their ancestry to various Byzantine emperors. For example, Emperor Francis I of Austria was the heir through the ...
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