Questions tagged [holocaust]

For questions about The Holocaust, the genocide committed by Nazi Germany under the direction of Adolf Hitler. For any other genocide, use the [genocide] tag. This is a sensitive and heavily-trolled topic (many questions are from holocaust deniers trying to get people to agree with them) so questions on this subject are held to an exceptionally strict standard.

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7
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1answer
219 views

Did any relatives of Fritz Haber (the inventor of poison gas) die in the gas chambers?

I am sorry if this seems a ghoulish question. However, German scientist Fritz Haber (1860-1934), winner of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry and co-inventor of the Haber-Bosch process to make nitrates ...
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3answers
16k views

Why were so many more Jewish men than Jewish women killed during the Holocaust?

On the Wikipedia page Jewish Women in the Holocaust, it says: Of the estimated six million Jews who were killed1 during the Holocaust, 2 million of them were women.2 Conversely, this means that ...
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3answers
354 views

Did some Nazi death camp guards use Lee Enfield rifles?

I was watching the Netflix series The Devil Next Door and there was was video footage of a Nazi death camp. What was strange was that one of the guards appeared to be wielding a Lee Enfield No4 rifle ...
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0answers
148 views

Did Rafael Lemkin predict antisemitic mass murders before WWII?

I recall from reading Phillipe Sands East West Street that Raphael Lemkin (who would later term the word Genocide) drew paralells between the Armenian Genocide and the disenfranchisment of Jews in ...
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1answer
263 views

Would Lauri Törni have recieved the Waffen-SS blood type tattoo?

Lauri Allen Törni served with Finland during the Winter war, and due to being an officer, visited Vienna to obtain Waffen-SS training. Does this mean he would have had the SS blood type tattoo applied?...
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2answers
7k views

What publication claimed that Michael Jackson died in a nuclear holocaust?

I have a question about some paragraph in Finkelstein's Holocaust Industry. He writes that Some years back, the parody of a New York tabloid was headlined: “Michael Jackson, 60 Million Others, Die ...
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2answers
467 views

What was Hitler’s personal involvement in the Holocaust? [closed]

For the purpose of this question, I define Holocaust as the campaign of extermination of the Jews, not the persecutions that preceded it like Kristallnacht. I found that Hitler gave an order to start ...
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3answers
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How were concentration and extermination camp guards recruited?

I'm interested in knowing how the Nazi regime went about hiring the guards and other camp personnel who did the dirty work. Were they screened for sadism, callousness, obedience, or some other trait ...
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1answer
186 views

Why didn't captains of ships like the MS St Louis beach on uninhabited islands, after being rejected by North America and UK? [closed]

For Jewish refugees, any island west of UK would be safer than continental Europe. Even if these deserted islands (like Greenland, Ireland's Blasket Islands, Scotland's Barra Isles, most of Canada's ...
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3answers
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What was the state of the German rail system in 1944?

Could an SS officer get from Auschwitz to Berlin by train in July/August/September 1944? I need to know how Allied bombing might have disrupted the system. For context: I am writing a mystery which ...
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1answer
115 views

Is it true that Austrians who refused to help SS in catching Soviet POWs would not face any negative consequences?

According to the Viennese government, civilians who refused to assist the SS in catching Soviet prisoners of war (during Mühlviertler Hasenjagd) did not face any negative consequences (my emphasis): ...
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1answer
366 views

How did the news of the reality Nazi concentration camps reach the United State's mainstream? What were the waves of awareness and when? [duplicate]

I just watched a documentary (I think it was called "We Were There" or "I Was There") featuring interviews of US soldiers that were Jewish and had helped liberate Nazi concentration camps. I was ...
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1answer
1k views

Did the Nazi regime always or often prioritize transport trains to the death camps over military transport?

Moishe Postone claims in his essay Anti‑Semitism and National Socialism (emphasis mine): No functionalist explanation of the Holocaust and no scapegoat theory of anti‑Semitism can even begin to ...
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2answers
2k views

Does Hitler's “Mein Kampf” contain hints that he wanted to exterminate Jews on the scale that actually happened?

Imagine I live in 1933-1934 and read Hitler's "Mein Kampf". Is there anything in this book that would make me think the Nazis seriously intend to kill between 6 and 17 million Jews? I haven't read ...
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2answers
664 views

How did Nazi concentration camp staff deal with survivors of gassings?

I've read a story about a woman who was put into a gas chamber and survived it. In the most notorious of all, Auschwitz-Birkeanau, she was herded naked into a gas chamber with hundreds of ...
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3answers
1k views

Why was an SS commander dismissed and charged for the mistreatment of Jewish prisoners?

Amon Göth was relieved from his position at the Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp and also charged for mistreating and killing Jews, along with the fact that he stole some of their property which ...
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1answer
206 views

Was there Nazi Collaboration at an Institutional level in Poland?

Following recent legal regulations in Poland prohibiting any association of Polish culpability with the Holocaust and concentration camps, the question that arises is whether there was any Polish ...
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2answers
658 views

Did more Jews live in Poland than any other country, prior to the Holocaust, because of how Polish laws and people regarded Jews?

Poland in 1900 and just before the Holocaust ranks 1st in a list of nations by Jewish percentage of the population. [1] Now of course in such a ranking that country is Israel. Why did Jews migrate ...
7
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1answer
810 views

What color triangles did the different religious groups (those not Jews or JWs) wear in Nazi concentration camps?

I was recently reading through Anton Gill's 1989 book "The journey back from hell" regarding the experiences of concentration camp survivors. On p.31 of this book he mentions that There were ...
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4answers
710 views

How young were children left alive in Auschwitz?

I was reading a criticism in Wikipedia of The Boy in the Striped Pajamas which has a 9-year-old boy in the camp, but people apparently knowledgeable assert this is not realistic -- those who could not ...
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4answers
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Why didn't Soviet Jews flee east ahead of the advancing Nazis?

As the Nazis invaded the Soviet Union, incorporated conquered territories into Reichskommisariat Ostland, Reichskommissariat Ukraine, and military administration, they went on to implement the ...
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1answer
683 views

Nazis and Khazar Theory of Ashkenazi Jews [closed]

I understand that the Nazis made official exceptions for Karaite Jews although in practice this was not always followed and in fact they were not completely "exonerated" in Nazi "racial theory." My ...
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2answers
227 views

What was the status of the Polish Jews in Germany prior to WW2? [closed]

My understanding is that there were a large number of Polish Jews in Germany up to around the beginning of WW2 and they bore the brunt of nazi oppression at least at first (as opposed to Jews who were ...
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1answer
135 views

What aspects of Primo Levi's works are considered historically inaccurate?

I have read his books and I suspect he deliberately changed some details for literary purposes. Of course Holocaust deniers might question much of what he wrote but do serious historians also cast ...
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3answers
647 views

Is Himmler's memo about genocide authentic? Significant?

In this bio of Yehuda Bauer, we see mention of a Himmler memo to Hitler (dated May 25, 1940): Himmler states his rejection of "the Bolshevik method of physical annihilation of a people out of inner ...
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3answers
463 views

Treatment of homosexuals in Nazi Germany [closed]

I read that Nazi Germany only prosecuted gay men, not gay women. This really confuses me. As to my understanding, the Nazis wanted to increase the Aryan population and exclusively gay men don't seem ...
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4answers
1k views

Did personnel from the “Aktion T4” (“euthanasia” murders) kill severely wounded Wehrmacht soldiers on the eastern front?

In Jonathan Littell's novel Les Bienveillantes (English title: The Kindly Ones) the fictional protagonist meets, in 1943, a man employed with the Aktion T4, the organization behind the "euthanasia" ...
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14answers
27k views

When did the allies find out about the killing of Jews during WW2

When watching "Saving Private Ryan" I noticed during the opening scene that one of the soldiers (who is Jewish) gets emotional when he discovers a Hitler Youth knife, I could only assume it was ...
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5answers
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Nuremberg Laws - Did they affect existing marriages between Jews and Non-Jews?

The Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honor states: Marriages between Jews and citizens of German or related blood are forbidden. Sexual relations between Jews and citizens of ...
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1answer
605 views

How did people die in Nazi extermination camps?

Before I get to the question, I'd like to point out that this is a particularly sensitive topic so thanks for letting me ask and hopefully remaining serious. I know that at least 6 million people (1) ...
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1answer
260 views

Why was Folke Bernadotte assassinated by Zionist Jews, when he had helped many Jews to escape holocaust? [closed]

I was reading this Wikipedia article about the White Buses operation to rescue Jews from concentration camps. It looks like, based on the article and other information that Folke Bernadotte was ...
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2answers
268 views

How might someone have gotten a note forwarded from a transport train headed to Auschwitz?

A relative who is no longer living told me that when her uncle (Jewish, living in hiding in France) was discovered and put on a train transport to Auschwitz, not long before liberation, he threw a ...
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1answer
131 views

Is there a good source for statistics of holocaust survivals?

Who had a higher chances of survival, men or women ? Is there a good source for statistical observations of the survivals?
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8answers
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Were defendants at the Nuremberg trial allowed to deny the holocaust?

In reply to a question on how to respond to Holocaust denial, I answered At the Nuremberg trials the holocaust was one of the indictments. None of the defendants pretended that the holocaust had ...
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2answers
230 views

Finding information about Johannes Pohl

I am looking for information about Dr Johannes Pohl. According to David G. Roskies in Against the Apocalypse, Pohl was a member of Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg, which was tasked with cataloging ...
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1answer
283 views

Synagogue Scene in Der Ewige Jude: Looking for more information

This question is fairly technical, but I've run into a dead-end and the historians whom I have asked have been unable to help me. If anybody can direct me to something on this subject, I would very ...
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3answers
545 views

Was Jud Suss a veiled criticism of Hitler?

In 1940, Veit Harlan directed his most controversial movie: Jud Suss. The film takes various historical liberties, but otherwise depicts the life and death of Joseph Suss Oppenheimer, Court Jew to ...
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1answer
333 views

Former French PM Blum was in Buchenwald — what is known about his life there?

To me it is interesting that he received special treatment rather than immediate execution. He was considered extremely valuable perhaps as a hostage. Wondering any details about how and why he was ...
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0answers
338 views

What were the rules for guards in Schindler's factories?

Oscar Schindler was able to leverage money for influence to protect the prisoners in his factories. In addition to barring guards from his factory floor, he was able to influence when a guard could ...
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1answer
312 views

Fate of Latvian Jewish population sent to gulags in June 1941?

Some of my ancestors were Latvian Jews who came to the U.S. in 1904. I'm trying to figure out whether any part of this branch of my family might still exist in the eastern hemisphere. After the Hitler-...
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1answer
942 views

Why do people refuse to acknowledge the Holocaust? [closed]

A lot of people nowadays are denying the Holocaust as a hoax and overblown Jewish lie. I read somewhere that Harry Truman (or Eisenhower) thought that people would not believe the Holocaust happened ...
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5answers
871 views

Were concentration camp guards allowed to talk about their work at home?

In a forum a holocaust survivor reckoned that most Germans did not know about the killing of Jews and others in concentration camps. Others objected and said that people at least knew that Jews were ...
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2answers
344 views

Is Nazi brutality particularly well known in the US because of the US's Jewish population? [closed]

Related question: Why, in the US, is Japanese brutality ignored compared with the Nazi brutality in WW2? Occasionally I come across people saying that the US's Jewish population has played a role in ...
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6answers
6k views

Was Anne Frank's story common?

I've been reading the Diary of a Young Girl, by Anne Frank. Prior to reading it, I always assumed that her story was somewhat typical of Jews living in countries that Germany occupied, or even in ...
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1answer
283 views

Which were the most important ghettos during Holocaust? [closed]

I have to make a project about ghettos during Holocaust and I was thinking of focusing in some ghettos as there are so many in Wikipedia at this link https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Nazi-...
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11answers
4k views

How to rebut Holocaust denial argument?

I came across a Holocaust denier who claims that there is a plaque outside Auschwitz which says that the Nazis murdered 1.5 million people there (mostly Jewish). However, the plaque used to say 4 ...
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3answers
459 views

Is there evidence that German soldiers tried to prevent the Jedwabne Pogrom?

I believe I saw this in one of historian Sir Martin Gilbert's books but I have not seen it elsewhere nor do I know which book of Gilbert's it was. Note that I am not talking about SS but what I recall ...
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3answers
1k views

Why did the Nazis target Jehovah's Witnesses?

I have studied the holocaust in some depth, and I am familiar with the repulsive ideological reasons for the Nazis' persecution of Jews, Poles, Slavs, Communists, etc, but I haven't seen any ...
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2answers
4k views

What were the 52 kinds of victims persecuted by the Nazis?

Out of the surviving 6,808 arrest files of Duesseldorf, a small city of half a million population, 1,440 were those of Communists alone. They were, however, only one among the 52 types of ...
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5answers
2k views

Were death camps originally intended as death camps and if not, what changed?

This Holocaust info page makes two statements that seem contradictory. The following paragraph states that death camps were designed specifically for mass murder. (I assume this means the chemical ...