31 votes
Accepted

Did Henry V’s archers at Agincourt fight with no pants / breeches on because of dysentery?

tl; dr At least some of the archers who fought at the Battle of Agincourt almost were almost certainly suffering from dysentery contracted at Harfleur. However, most of the worst affected had been ...
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25 votes
Accepted

What was the Hundred Years' War called at the time?

19th CENTURY HISTORIANS The term Hundred Years' War originated in the early 19th century. The Hundred Years War has become the established name for the Anglo-French conflicts that happened ...
20 votes
Accepted

Was either side legally in the right in the Hundred Years War?

The legal situation was not as clear as the question assumes, because neither of the reasons cited were valid at the time. While people often apply Salic Law to the dispute in 1328, this is ...
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16 votes
Accepted

Agincourt - Where was the Earl of Suffolk (de la Pole)?

According to Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study In Colonial And Medieval Families, 2nd Edition . Michael(III) Earl of Suffolk was a commander of the Rear Guard of the Kings Army, from September through ...
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16 votes
Accepted

What was the attitude of English knights towards their longbowmen counterparts?

Short Answer How the English nobility felt about their longbowmen can mostly only be inferred from how they were treated rather than specific statements made about them by nobles. Ultimately, military ...
16 votes
Accepted

Is there a primary source for Black Monday, April 13, 1360?

Apparently a couple of the chronicles from the time are available online. From the contemporary French Chronicle of Jean Froissart: ... for an accident befell [Edward III] and all his army, who were ...
14 votes
Accepted

Why did the negotiations between Henry V of England and France fail?

Short answer The two accounts cited in your question are not so much contradictory as very short versions of what was a lengthy series of negotiations over many months. The 1360 Treaty of Bretigny, ...
12 votes
Accepted

Did Jeanne d'Arc really tell a woman that she couldn't serve on the battlefield?

SHORT ANSWER 'Stay in the kitchen', yes (more or less), but this relates to a prophecy made by Catherine de La Rochelle, and had nothing to do with the battlefield. Joan of Arc said very little ...
10 votes

What was the Hundred Years' War called at the time?

The Medieval ages, and in turn the 100 years war, was a politically a different beast than war as we are used to it in the modern era. During both world wars we see a declaration by majors powers ...
9 votes

Agincourt - Where was the Earl of Suffolk (de la Pole)?

As I understand it, we know the positions of very few of the participants at the Battle of Agincourt. There is even some considerable debate about exactly how the English army was arranged on the ...
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8 votes

Was either side legally in the right in the Hundred Years War?

At the time both England and France recognized the authority of the Church. Were there any attempt at having the Pope invited to adjudicate the succession amiably? At first the pope tried to arbitrate ...
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8 votes
Accepted

Why didn't the English overrun France when the king was their captive?

One needs to remember that France had a multiple of England's population, and armed forces during the Hundred Years' War. Thus, the surprising thing is not that England failed, but that it came close ...
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7 votes

Why did the negotiations between Henry V of England and France fail?

Biographies of both Mowat and Kingsford are in agreement that the final round of envoys to Paris, in spring 1415, negotiated in apparent good faith and were willing to relent on Henry's claim to the ...
6 votes
Accepted

Did the fortunes in the Hundred Years' War depend largely on the weather?

The answer to both questions is yes. To quote specific examples, the French won major battles after "bad", or rainy, weather at the Battle of Saint-Omer and the Battle of Cocherel. The English won the ...
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5 votes
Accepted

How many Scots were present at the Battle of Bauge?

Short Answer The available evidence strongly suggests that the Franco-Scottish army at Bauge was primarily made up of Scots, probably in the region of 4,000 to 5,000 with perhaps slightly more than 1,...
4 votes

Is there a primary source for Black Monday, April 13, 1360?

These figures are stated in: Joshua BARNES. 1688. The History of that Most Victorious Monarch Edward III, King of England and France, and Lord of Ireland and First Founder of the Most Noble Order of ...
3 votes

What was the role of Scotland during the Hundred years war?

Auld Alliance It all dates back to a treaty signed between Scotland and France in 1295, named the Auld Alliance, when both nations agreed to help eachother should either country be attacked by England....
2 votes

Whose colors/coat-of-arms did men-of-arms wear in a feudal army, 14th century?

Referring to the Black Book of Edward IV - it's drawn from his own household accounts, so the limits to the retainers allowed are the limits Edward himself set. Remember that Edward had only managed ...
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