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42 votes
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What prevented the Mongolian Empire from expanding into Europe?

Three factors. 1) The death of Ögedei Khan forced the hordes rampaging through Europe under Subutai to break off and return for the Kuraltai to choose a successor. Interrupting their hard-earned ...
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17 votes
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Why did China decide to support Poland in 1956, but not Hungary?

Interpretations are called for here — and these are necessarily opinionated to a degree. From a recent Polish perspective, it might seem rather simple – and one-sided: There are strong indications ...
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15 votes
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Why did Coloman of Slavonia leave Sajó bridge weakly defended against the Mongols?

According to the wikipedia article on the topic: The Mongol vanguard was killed nearly to a man, with Thomas of Split writing: "the Hungarians immediately charged into them and did battle. They cut ...
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10 votes

Why were Austria-Hungary's Slavic minorities put into multinational states?

Retrospectively, the only answer to your question is: "because of poor grasp of the local political and cultural context". In the 1920s, dominant countries were organized on the notion of nation ...
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10 votes

Could any Habsburg kings of Hungary speak Hungarian?

The emperors have often spoken many languages and Hungarian was an important one so one may find numerous Habsburg rulers who spoke Hungarian, too. For example, Maximillian II fluently spoke Spanish, ...
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9 votes
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Did Hungarian Army ever use crescent banners?

Not as precise answer as I'd like, but it might lead you to the correct answer with further research. Googling for "hungarian heraldry crescent 13th century" yields at least one crescent, ...
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9 votes

Identification of two leaders in Hungarian revolution

Google search revealed that the one on the left is Sándor Garbai. (from https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/46/Garbai_S%C3%A1ndor_%281919%29_%28cropped%29.jpg) The one to his right ...
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9 votes
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Why is Hungary geographically important to travel between Europe and the Middle East?

(original image by Wikimedia Commons user San Jose) If you look at a topographic map of Europe, the reason should be self-evident: the easiest land route from northern/western Europe passes through ...
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9 votes

What prevented the Mongolian Empire from expanding into Europe?

A very important reason was the death of Genghis Khan, the "maximum leader" in 1227. This caused his Empire to be divided into four "Khanates" (see bottom of link), Russia (yellow), the Middle East (...
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9 votes

Who is this statue of?

It's a generic Hungarian cowboy wearing a traditional Szűr, rather than anyone in particular. (h/t JustCal for this specific image.) I checked whether it might Széchenyi, Batthyány, Kossuth, or one ...
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8 votes
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Who owned Franz Josef islands between 1918-1926?

Semaphore's hypothesis was right. I found interesting resource which tells us that islands actually had been considered terra nullius till 1926. Until the year 1926 the islands had been considered ...
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  • 2,283
7 votes

Why were Austria-Hungary's Slavic minorities put into multinational states?

The apparent reason for the creation of these Slavic "multinational" states was to create states that were strong enough to act as "buffer states" against Austria, Hungary, and Bulgaria (Germany's ...
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7 votes
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Does anyone know the name of the student who died during the Hungarian Revolution of 1956? If not, why not?

One of the sources quoted by the Wikipedia article is the United Nations Report of the Special Committee on the Problem of Hungary. If the document is genuine*, I would be inclined to give it much ...
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6 votes
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How many German expellees returned to the Hungarian People's Republic?

Exact numbers are not known but an estimate is given by historian Ágnes Tóth at around 10 000 ethnic Germans that returned to Hungary. How many really is an answer that has to be postponed, ...
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  • 73.7k
6 votes

Who originally described Attila as "Attila The Hun"

The precise wording Attila the Hun in English has been in use for at least a couple of centuries but its use in academic writing (at least) was somewhat inconsistent until fairly recently. The ...
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6 votes

Oppression of non-ethnic Hungarians in Hungary pre 1800s

There was no really such pre 1800. As Samuel Russel points out, the modern concept of nations was born only during and after the French revolution. Hungary and Transylvania from the late medieval ...
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6 votes

What is the earliest historical record of Hungarian words?

This is not answerable with satisfactory comprehensiveness. The time before settlement and adoption of Christianity around 1000 is just too poorly documented. But apart from what Wikipedia presents ...
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5 votes

Why did the Hungarians protest and react so much about Khrushchevs secret speech?

Khrushchev gave his speech to a closed session of the 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union on 25 February 1956. The contents of the speech was subsequently disseminated to a select ...
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  • 76.2k
5 votes

Why were Austria-Hungary's Slavic minorities put into multinational states?

I wonder if it sheds any light on this decision if we compare the examples cited above with the one instance where the opposite happened- Galicia? Poles and Ukrainians were intermixed to a degree ...
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5 votes

Why were Austria-Hungary's Slavic minorities put into multinational states?

Effective political lobbying and influence by political activists by the Czechs and the Yugoslav committee. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yugoslav_Committee Both Yugoslav Committee and the Czech ...
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5 votes

Did Hungarian Army ever use crescent banners?

The crescent is likely from the old coat of arms of Croatia, as pointed out in de Bernardy's answer. The illustration is probably of Coloman's charge against Mongols which led to securing the bridge ...
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5 votes

In the "Immigrationist theory" of Romanians (Vlachs), how did they became the vast majority in Transylvania?

I don't think their current majority is an insurmountable problem for any immigration theory. At roughly the same time the coastal German tribes were migrating to England, and the southern Slavic ...
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  • 109k
5 votes
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Did Radio Free Europe say that the Allies would come to the rescue during the Hungarian Revolution?

RFE Hungarian desk was obliged to not foment revolution, "Special Guidance No. 26 of March 27, addressing the emerging ferment in the Communist world, cautioned, “There is no likelihood of military ...
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5 votes

Was there a trade link between the medieval Hungarian Kingdom and the Mali Empire?

Well, there was trade between the Mali Empire and the rest of the world via a Sahel camel-borne trade route established and run by the Berber tribes of that region. We know at least a few non-Berbers ...
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  • 109k
4 votes

What prevented the Mongolian Empire from expanding into Europe?

The Death of Ogedei Khan in December of 1241 is the most attributed reason for the discontinuation of the invasion of Europe. Batu, son of Jochi, son of Genghis was the supreme commander over the ...
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3 votes
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Why was the Imre Nagy government deported to Romania?

According to https://www.wilsoncenter.org/publication/new-evidence-romania-and-the-warsaw-pact-1955-1989#sthash.fQcgY9zu.dpuf "He [Emil Bodnaras, Romanian Minister of Transport and Communications, ...
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