This is an American NCO of an Air Force civil engineering unit, probably taken somewhere in Europe in 1944-45.
The shoulder badge is of IX Engineer Command, a unit of the Ninth Air Force, a US Army Air Force unit which operated in the UK and north-west Europe in 1944-45. Ninth Air Force had previously operated in the Mediterranean, but as far as I can tell ...
The inscriptions are (note that the S's are backwards):
Obverse (bear) - MONETA BERNENSIS (coinage of Bern)
Reverse (cross) - SANCTVS VINCENCIVS (Saint Vincent)
(The style of lettering can be compared, with, for example, a 14th-century brooch shown here on page 2, also with reversed S's and closed-up E's; with a 1497 inscription showing A's with the same ...
It's a world war one era "Regio Esercito" (Italian army) uniform like the ones you can see here.
the ranks on the cuff confirm the WW1 era (by design) and indicate the rank of Major, confirming this we have the jacket with pockets that was supplied only to the officers as the troops were without them.
Rank of WW1 Italian Army (In Italian)
This is a Kroton drachma (by the size, they also made a nomos but it was 3x bigger)
This is also a fake, very easy to tell by the strange edging and the fact the obverse and the reverse are the exact same, just an inverse of the other. i would guess these were cast using a single side to create both sides of the coin.
If this is the relevant person:
(click to enlarge pictures)
then the actual salient points are:
cap: 'flying/winged wheels', double cockade -> Reichsbahn employee
shoulderboards to be expected as usual rank insignia: later than this timeframe, thus absent in this picture
before 1935: rank & section/specialty on display in gorget patches
What is ...
This is a Railway (Reichsbahn) uniform from the period 1924 until June 1935.
The rank is probably Rangieraufseher (Shunting supervisor).
Railway Cap, 1924-1935-06
Rangabzeichen nach der Dienstkleiderordnung (DKO) 1924
DPSG Kluft 1930-1939
May be the symbol seen on the 2nd person from ...
It is not an Imperial, Weimar, or Third Reich naval uniform.
It does, however, appear to be a Weimar period reichsbahn (railroad) police uniform . . .
Some discussion in a collectors' forum here
https://www.warrelics.eu/forum/weimar-soft-headgear/reichsbahn-headgear-368798/ several shots of this type uniform on the second page of the discussion thread.
As one example I know from family connection, the Bassett Lowcke company in Northampton in England before the war specialised in making model ships, aircraft, railways etc. mainly as toys or for collectors but as a selling point and from pride took care to make them accurate and to scale.
When the diversion of resources to war production reduced the number ...
This appears to be a Canadian 4.5 inch Howitzer Shell Mark IX, possibly for naval use. It is lacking a fuse and the low weight indicates it is also lacking its filler; that means it's inert.
Note the narrow copper band at the bottom and the lack of a boat tail (narrowing at the bottom). There's no space for a fuse at the bottom, the fuse would screw into the ...
Manuals, lots of manuals, recognition publications, intelligence bulletins, reports and so on.
From a US perspective some of these were not necessarily accurate circa 1941-1942, but as time went on, well, the more information that comes to hand, the better the presentation. This was a lot of effort gleaned from pre-war measures such as reports from military ...
This was the Tannenberg Memorial, built near the town of Hohenstein, East Prussia (now Olsztynek, Poland).
Built in the mid-1920's, it was a monument dedicated to the German soldiers who fought in several battles in the area (two in WWI, and one from the 15th century). The design in the center is an iron cross, a symbol originally from the Kingdom of Prussia ...
This is the Tannenberg Memorial near Hohenstein, East Prussia (now Olsztynek, Poland). This was conceived as a memorial to German Soldiers at the two Battles of Tannenberg, one in 1410 (where Poland-Lithuania under Jagiełło crushed the Teutonic Knights) and the other in 1914 (where the German Empire under Hindenburg defeated the Russians). It was really a ...