76 votes
Accepted

Why aren't there any Chinese colonies?

They did. Depending on the preferred definition of "colonies", Chinese states in fact established innumerable colonies throughout history. Certainly the most common form was overland colonies created ...
  • 96.3k
51 votes
Accepted

Why could China keep most of the lands it conquered after 17th century but European powers could not?

The Chinese situation was fundamentally different from the Western European colonial empires. In fact it's rather more like Russia, who also managed to keep her Eurasian empire, or the United States, ...
  • 96.3k
20 votes

What prompted Cuba to fight against South African Imperialism?

The Cuban intervention in Angola was entirely in keeping with the regime's outlook since the revolution. C. Sobers, in Investigating Cuban Internationalism: the First Angolan Intervention, 1975, ...
20 votes

Where can I find the original "On the New Rules for Destroying Countries" (1901) by Liang Qichao?

The essay is indeed originally in Chinese, with the title 滅國新法論, which may aid further searches. It is collected in full in 《飲冰室合集》, as well as the 《梁啟超文集》 in abridged form. The abridged version is ...
  • 96.3k
14 votes
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Has any country, other than Britain, given away its empire?

Question: does this have any historical precedent or parallel? Has any other country, peacefully and uncoerced, divested itself of so much territory and income? Let's talk about this premise that ...
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14 votes

Why aren't there any Chinese colonies?

Notice how big China is? There's a reason for that; it's only a semantic difference between calling conquered territory a "colony" and simply part of your country. EDIT: Someone pointed out in ...
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14 votes

Why do Afro-Caribbeans have English names whereas Indo-Caribbeans still have Indian(ish) names?

Afro Carribeans: Afro-Caribbeans are Caribbean people who trace their heritage to Sub-Saharan Africa [...] Between the 16th and 19th centuries, European-led triangular trade brought African people ...
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13 votes
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Did c.1900 France have a law against foreign government resisting its conquest?

It was somewhat more complicated. According to Wikipedia France conquered Madagaskar in 1895 and sent the royal family into exile on Réunion Island and to Algeria. (Wikipedia, "Madagaskar", ...
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10 votes
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Why were the continuity states of Imperial and Royal Austria-Hungary disunited, while the continuity states of Imperial Russia were united?

The answer is simple. In the parts of Imperial Russia that became the USSR, the Communist Party had managed to achieve sufficient control, and was determined to form a union. The parts that became ...
  • 28.3k
8 votes

Is it possible to say whether any historical empire was ever recreated after dissolution?

The Eastern Han dynasty was an empire that was founded in 25 A.D. and can be considered as a recreation of the Western Han dynasty. The founder of the Eastern Han dynasty: Emperor Guangwu was a ...
8 votes

Is it possible to say whether any historical empire was ever recreated after dissolution?

The Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) fractured into several states after the Fourth Crusade. Map of the aftermath of the Fourth Crusade from Wikimedia Commons, around 1204. Later, in 1261, the ...
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7 votes

Why aren't there any Chinese colonies?

China did have colonies. All of the islands in Asia reachable by junk have been colonized by the Chinese at one time or another: Malaysia, the Phillipines, Taiwan, etc. The far ranging colonies of the ...
  • 37.4k
7 votes

What prompted Cuba to fight against South African Imperialism?

For Cuba and Soviet Union fighting imperialism was not a goal in itself but a mean to establish Communist regimes in other countries. The declared final goal of communists is the victory of worldwide ...
  • 37.5k
7 votes
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17th century Japanese colonies in Southeast Asia?

Japanese quasi-colonialism in the 17th century mostly took place in Siam. There, the king had hired Japanese mercenaries to fight his battles, and these mercenaries threatened to take over the country ...
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5 votes

How did Victorian British conservatives resolve the tension between valuing tradition and spreading empire?

Although it was (technically) addressed to Americans, Rudyard Kipling published perhaps the best reconciliation of these two impulses with this poem, "Take up the white man's burden". Key lines ...
  • 103k
5 votes

Were there regionalist/independentist movements or feelings in mid-19th century Spain?

In general, it is problematic to call "nationalism" anything before the French Revolution, because before that the idea that the nation was a political subject was just political-fiction. Apart from ...
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5 votes
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The link between Kaiser Wilhelm I. and the city of Bonn

It is entirely normal for cities in empires to erect monuments to emperors. The exact practices vary between countries, but there seem to have been at least 425 to Wilhelm I erected between his death ...
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5 votes

Did imperialist propaganda inflate map size?

There are a number of possibilities here, though none fully meet your criteria. Aside from the Mercator distortion mentioned by SJuan76 in his comment, you may be thinking of the McDonald Gill ...
5 votes
Accepted

Was there any imperial nation whose home country was conquered but was able to retain its colonies?

France during WW2 After the fall of France in 1940 the Free France and its Free French Forces were formed to fight against the Axis powers. From colonial outposts in Africa, India, and the Pacific, ...
  • 1,335
4 votes

Where can I obtain the full "British Statistical Blue Books" of British colonies in Africa?

They aren't free (unless your college has institutional access), but they are available from British Online Archives in the collection titled Colonial Africa in Official Statistics, 1821-1953. A ...
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3 votes

Why were the continuity states of Imperial and Royal Austria-Hungary disunited, while the continuity states of Imperial Russia were united?

There was an important difference between the two empires. In the case of the Soviet Union, there was one country, Russia, with 50% or more of the people of the whole Union. The next two, Ukraine, and ...
  • 103k
3 votes
Accepted

How did Victorian British conservatives resolve the tension between valuing tradition and spreading empire?

The British empire was primarily about trade. Imperial expansion was really about securing new markets and and sources of raw materials. Kipling's poem The White Man's Burden (quoted by Tom in his ...
  • 76.4k
3 votes

Why aren't there any Chinese colonies?

In the early 15th century, China had huge junks that dwarfed the ships of their European counterparts. China's Treasure Fleet sailed throughout the eastern Pacific and northern Indian oceans. By the ...
  • 2,397
3 votes

Were there a British 'Négritude' movement?

There may not have been a movement in Britain, but there were certainly individual left-wing anti-colonial intellectuals from the British colonies who wrote works in this vein. C. L. R. James from ...
  • 1,617
3 votes

Were there a British 'Négritude' movement?

According to your linked Wikipedia article, that movement essentially started out as a Francophone version of the Harlem Renaissance. One important point here is that the Afro-British would not have ...
  • 111k
3 votes

Why could China keep most of the lands it conquered after 17th century but European powers could not?

The answer has to do with demographics based on agricultural productivity. The sedentary 'Han' Chinese could spread into the lands of their conquerors and out-breed and out-produce them. Thus, ...
  • 1,130
3 votes
Accepted

How difficult was Muraviev's amassing of troops for the forcing of the Treaty of Aigun, and what effects on development did it have?

The following is taken from the book (in Russian) Natalia Mathanova, "Governors-general of Eastern Siberia in mid-19th century", Novosibirsk, 1998. (This is Mathanova's doctoral dissertation....
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2 votes

Why could China keep most of the lands it conquered after 17th century but European powers could not?

In order to attack China, "European" powers had to send armies "halfway" around the world. That is a difficult way to "project" power even today, let alone in the 19th or early 20th centuries. It's ...
  • 103k
2 votes

Why aren't there any Chinese colonies?

If you count areas occupied by China that has less than a majority of Han Chinese people, either today or at least when first claimed, then China has numerous colonies along its western borders; ...
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