73 votes
Accepted

Has there ever been a cold war other than between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R.?

The Great Game, fought between Britain and Russia from 1830 to 1895, is a very close analogue. Like the US-Soviet Cold War, the two powers competed for dominance in Central Asia through a full ...
Semaphore's user avatar
  • 97.6k
55 votes
Accepted

Why was the Aztec Empire known as an Empire?

First of all, as the definition you cited states, The term empire does not have a precise definition. The Aztec Empire was large by the standards of their time in their part of the world. It ...
Semaphore's user avatar
  • 97.6k
52 votes
Accepted

Why was the US so pro-China and so anti-Japan before WW2?

Japan was a threat to the US's Pacific territories, and those of other European powers. China was not. Unlike China, and every other Asian nation at the time, Japan had defeated and humiliated a ...
Schwern's user avatar
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43 votes

When has a sovereign state last given territory to another as a gift?

The UK transferred full sovereignty of its colony of Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China on July 1, 1997. While the UK was already obligated by treaty to turn over the areas of the territory ...
Robert Columbia's user avatar
  • 3,728
42 votes

Has there ever been a cold war other than between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R.?

I consider the conflict between Sunni and Shiite Islam as a current "Cold War". Saudi Arabia considers themselves the leaders of Sunni Islam, while Iran considers themselves the people who speak for ...
Tangurena's user avatar
  • 995
39 votes

When has a sovereign state last given territory to another as a gift?

The Tiran and Sanafir islands, are being given by Egypt to Saudi Arabia. Since this is ongoing, it is certainly the most recent such transfer. As of this writing, all the interested sovereign states (...
Shalom Crown's user avatar
38 votes
Accepted

Why didn't the participants of the Korean War also fight in the Vietnam War?

The Korean War and the Vietnam War are fundamentally very different conflicts. With the former, South Korea was unambiguously invaded by North Korea in an explicit war of conquest. Due to lucky ...
Semaphore's user avatar
  • 97.6k
33 votes

Were secret treaties ratified? How did they become official while remaining secret?

There are some misconceptions about what ratification means. Though it is now common for treaties to be ratified by a legislature, that has never been essential to the ratification process. In ...
Semaphore's user avatar
  • 97.6k
31 votes

When has a sovereign state last given territory to another as a gift?

My proposal has to be considered with a grain of salt, and is earlier than TheHonRose's answer. That said, given the consequences it has had lately, I am a little surprised that nobody has written ...
SJuan76's user avatar
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31 votes
Accepted

Why was Franklin D. Roosevelt pro-intervention?

Because FDR belonged to a school of thought that felt that the primary goal of US foreign policy should be to promote and defend US ideals abroad. I know the common narrative is to divide US foreign ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
  • 119k
26 votes

Has any country won a war, but lost a non-trivial portion of its territory?

Some examples from WW2: Poland was on the winning side but lost the eastern half of the country to the USSR. Yes they got compensated by German territories, but we could have some fun debating the ...
Doug B's user avatar
  • 2,372
25 votes

Has any country won a war, but lost a non-trivial portion of its territory?

I have read your question as "Has a country ever won a war, and still "lost" territory, and if so, why?" One example was the Austro-Sardinian War, otherwise known as the Second War of Italian ...
Tom Au's user avatar
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24 votes

Why was the US so pro-China and so anti-Japan before WW2?

One angle I think a lot of people miss (particularly non US people) is that, being a former colony that had to fight for independence itself, the USA during that period very much liked to identify ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
  • 119k
20 votes

When has a sovereign state last given territory to another as a gift?

Here's my best shot so far: The areas occupied by American and Canadian military cemeteries in Normandy were voluntarily conceded by France to the respective ally in 1944 as a gesture of gratitude. ...
Anko's user avatar
  • 753
20 votes

Has there ever been a cold war other than between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R.?

(Nazi) Germany - Soviet Union It would be hard to pinpoint the beginning of the "cold war" since the Soviet Union was actively supporting left-wing fractions during the Weimar Republic, but of course,...
Yasskier's user avatar
  • 3,400
19 votes

Has any country won a war, but lost a non-trivial portion of its territory?

Such scenario is not uncommon during the decolonization-related wars of the 20th century. The colonial power is often able to defeat the other side militarily, but for political or other reasons had ...
user69715's user avatar
  • 7,100
18 votes
Accepted

Did the Pope's crossbow and archery bans have any effect?

Concerning the question -Did any contemporaries actually take note of the ruling? An article cited by the OP brings up a couple of possible groups which may have complied with this, The Holy Roman ...
justCal's user avatar
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17 votes

Why didn't the participants of the Korean War also fight in the Vietnam War?

Let me add a few details to Semaphore's answer. One is that the Vietnam war actually ended with the North Vietnam invasion of South Vietnam. This happened soon after the US withdrawal, and in ...
Alex's user avatar
  • 38.9k
14 votes

When has a sovereign state last given territory to another as a gift?

The area of the The John F Kennedy Memorial at Runnymede, site of the signing of Magna Carta, was gifted to the USA in 1965. Whilst the surrounding gardens are British sovereign territory, the land ...
TheHonRose's user avatar
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14 votes

When has a sovereign state last given territory to another as a gift?

In 2007, Israel gave Gaza to the Palestinian Authority, in an (evidently unsuccessful) effort to reduce tensions. Since the OP doesn't state that the recipient must be a nation, only that it must ...
Jeffiekins's user avatar
14 votes

Why did the United States issue the Monroe Doctrine when it did?

By 1824, Spain had lost all of its mainland colonies in America. When the powers of Europe proposed to use the recently created Congress System to help Spain regain control of her lost American ...
George A. Solodun's user avatar
14 votes

Why were Soviet attitudes towards Israel inconsistent in the late 40's and 50's?

The policies of Soviet Union were never determined by "hate" or other emotions. They were always pragmatic. (For example, they "hated" Nazism when they found it useful, and then suddenly made a U-...
Alex's user avatar
  • 38.9k
14 votes
Accepted

Besides Mexico, who was considered as a potential ally of the Central Powers?

(Presumably the question rules out the many co-belligerents of the Central Powers, for which Wikipedia has a detailed article.) The Kingdom of Romania is possibly the best example. In fact, the ...
Semaphore's user avatar
  • 97.6k
14 votes

Was Queen Elizabeth II ever the head of state of Namibia?

The short answer is yes, the British monarch was technically the Head of State for South West Africa (formerly Deutsch-Südwestafrika) from the grant of the Mandate by the League of Nations until South ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
  • 77.6k
13 votes

When has a sovereign state last given territory to another as a gift?

I'm not sure if this counts, but the Netherlands and Belgium traded a small part of land a while ago. The reason for the trade was that the piece of land was officially part of Belgium, but it was ...
Milan's user avatar
  • 131
13 votes

Why was Franklin D. Roosevelt pro-intervention?

FDR position was informed by his conviction that intervention was inevitable. In that critical month of May 1940, he [FDR] finally realized that it was probably a question of when, not if, the ...
MCW's user avatar
  • 33k
13 votes

Was it not clear to the WWI allies that they were over-reaching with the treaty of Sevres?

You are correct, the Turkish National Movement heavily resisted treaty of Sevres which culminated in the Turkish War of independence...the treaty didn't last long. Isn't it obvious that that treaty ...
Twelfth's user avatar
  • 2,722
13 votes

Why was the duration of territorial contracts often 99 years?

The origins of the 99-year lease are unknown, but have been a matter of speculation for centuries. However, that figure had become commonplace in many countries by the eighteenth and nineteenth ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
  • 77.6k
12 votes

Has there ever been a cold war other than between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R.?

Russia vs Ottoman Empire Throughout the period of the Russo-Turkish wars the times of "peace" would be better characterized as "cold war". The period involved intense rivalry and ...
Dale M's user avatar
  • 432
12 votes

Why was the US so pro-China and so anti-Japan before WW2?

You answered your question yourself: To a large extent, US pressure seems to have in response to Japanese aggression in China. An aggression which involved atrocities such as the Rape of Nanjing. ...
Jos's user avatar
  • 21.9k

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