Skip to main content
72 votes
Accepted

Has there ever been a cold war other than between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R.?

The Great Game, fought between Britain and Russia from 1830 to 1895, is a very close analogue. Like the US-Soviet Cold War, the two powers competed for dominance in Central Asia through a full ...
Semaphore's user avatar
  • 97.5k
53 votes
Accepted

Why was the US so pro-China and so anti-Japan before WW2?

Japan was a threat to the US's Pacific territories, and those of other European powers. China was not. Unlike China, and every other Asian nation at the time, Japan had defeated and humiliated a ...
Schwern's user avatar
  • 55.3k
42 votes

When has a sovereign state last given territory to another as a gift?

The UK transferred full sovereignty of its colony of Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China on July 1, 1997. While the UK was already obligated by treaty to turn over the areas of the territory ...
Robert Columbia's user avatar
  • 3,717
42 votes

Has there ever been a cold war other than between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R.?

I consider the conflict between Sunni and Shiite Islam as a current "Cold War". Saudi Arabia considers themselves the leaders of Sunni Islam, while Iran considers themselves the people who speak for ...
Tangurena's user avatar
  • 995
39 votes

When has a sovereign state last given territory to another as a gift?

The Tiran and Sanafir islands, are being given by Egypt to Saudi Arabia. Since this is ongoing, it is certainly the most recent such transfer. As of this writing, all the interested sovereign states (...
Shalom Crown's user avatar
33 votes

Were secret treaties ratified? How did they become official while remaining secret?

There are some misconceptions about what ratification means. Though it is now common for treaties to be ratified by a legislature, that has never been essential to the ratification process. In ...
Semaphore's user avatar
  • 97.5k
31 votes

When has a sovereign state last given territory to another as a gift?

My proposal has to be considered with a grain of salt, and is earlier than TheHonRose's answer. That said, given the consequences it has had lately, I am a little surprised that nobody has written ...
SJuan76's user avatar
  • 12.4k
30 votes
Accepted

Why was Franklin D. Roosevelt pro-intervention?

Because FDR belonged to a school of thought that felt that the primary goal of US foreign policy should be to promote and defend US ideals abroad. I know the common narrative is to divide US foreign ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
  • 120k
25 votes

Why was the US so pro-China and so anti-Japan before WW2?

One angle I think a lot of people miss (particularly non US people) is that, being a former colony that had to fight for independence itself, the USA during that period very much liked to identify ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
  • 120k
20 votes

Has there ever been a cold war other than between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R.?

(Nazi) Germany - Soviet Union It would be hard to pinpoint the beginning of the "cold war" since the Soviet Union was actively supporting left-wing fractions during the Weimar Republic, but of course,...
Yasskier's user avatar
  • 3,420
19 votes

When has a sovereign state last given territory to another as a gift?

Here's my best shot so far: The areas occupied by American and Canadian military cemeteries in Normandy were voluntarily conceded by France to the respective ally in 1944 as a gesture of gratitude. ...
Anko's user avatar
  • 753
17 votes
Accepted

Did the Pope's crossbow and archery bans have any effect?

Concerning the question -Did any contemporaries actually take note of the ruling? An article cited by the OP brings up a couple of possible groups which may have complied with this, The Holy Roman ...
justCal's user avatar
  • 40.6k
14 votes

When has a sovereign state last given territory to another as a gift?

In 2007, Israel gave Gaza to the Palestinian Authority, in an (evidently unsuccessful) effort to reduce tensions. Since the OP doesn't state that the recipient must be a nation, only that it must ...
Jeffiekins's user avatar
14 votes

Why did the United States issue the Monroe Doctrine when it did?

By 1824, Spain had lost all of its mainland colonies in America. When the powers of Europe proposed to use the recently created Congress System to help Spain regain control of her lost American ...
George A. Solodun's user avatar
14 votes

Why were Soviet attitudes towards Israel inconsistent in the late 40's and 50's?

The policies of Soviet Union were never determined by "hate" or other emotions. They were always pragmatic. (For example, they "hated" Nazism when they found it useful, and then suddenly made a U-...
Alex's user avatar
  • 38.8k
14 votes
Accepted

Besides Mexico, who was considered as a potential ally of the Central Powers?

(Presumably the question rules out the many co-belligerents of the Central Powers, for which Wikipedia has a detailed article.) The Kingdom of Romania is possibly the best example. In fact, the ...
Semaphore's user avatar
  • 97.5k
14 votes

Was Queen Elizabeth II ever the head of state of Namibia?

The short answer is yes, the British monarch was technically the Head of State for South West Africa (formerly Deutsch-Südwestafrika) from the grant of the Mandate by the League of Nations until South ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
  • 77.4k
13 votes

When has a sovereign state last given territory to another as a gift?

The area of the The John F Kennedy Memorial at Runnymede, site of the signing of Magna Carta, was gifted to the USA in 1965. Whilst the surrounding gardens are British sovereign territory, the land ...
TheHonRose's user avatar
  • 7,929
13 votes

When has a sovereign state last given territory to another as a gift?

I'm not sure if this counts, but the Netherlands and Belgium traded a small part of land a while ago. The reason for the trade was that the piece of land was officially part of Belgium, but it was ...
Milan's user avatar
  • 131
13 votes

Why was Franklin D. Roosevelt pro-intervention?

FDR position was informed by his conviction that intervention was inevitable. In that critical month of May 1940, he [FDR] finally realized that it was probably a question of when, not if, the ...
MCW's user avatar
  • 33.8k
13 votes

Was it not clear to the WWI allies that they were over-reaching with the treaty of Sevres?

You are correct, the Turkish National Movement heavily resisted treaty of Sevres which culminated in the Turkish War of independence...the treaty didn't last long. Isn't it obvious that that treaty ...
Twelfth's user avatar
  • 2,712
13 votes

Why was the duration of territorial contracts often 99 years?

The origins of the 99-year lease are unknown, but have been a matter of speculation for centuries. However, that figure had become commonplace in many countries by the eighteenth and nineteenth ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
  • 77.4k
13 votes

Why was the US so pro-China and so anti-Japan before WW2?

You answered your question yourself: To a large extent, US pressure seems to have in response to Japanese aggression in China. An aggression which involved atrocities such as the Rape of Nanjing. ...
Jos's user avatar
  • 22.3k
12 votes

Has there ever been a cold war other than between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R.?

Russia vs Ottoman Empire Throughout the period of the Russo-Turkish wars the times of "peace" would be better characterized as "cold war". The period involved intense rivalry and ...
Dale M's user avatar
  • 432
11 votes

What's the earliest example of a permanent embassy?

Although I am late to the party since there is no accepted answer I will try to give mine. There are two cases I can think that might answer the question. In ancient Greek city-states there were ...
YokedSinger8062's user avatar
11 votes
Accepted

What happens to interned military personnel if war is declared post-internment?

The SMS Geier was interned in November 1914 under Article 24 of the Convention Concerning the Rights and Duties of Neutral Powers in Naval War, which formed part of the Hague Convention of 1907. The ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
  • 77.4k
10 votes

Why didn't America "rent" parts of China?

American attitudes toward China were best expressed in the Open Door Policy. This policy was, in fact, aimed at "rolling back" some of the special privileges others were trying to "rent." American ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 104k
10 votes

When has a sovereign state last given territory to another as a gift?

In late 1994 or 1995 Israel gave a small strip of farm land to Jordan after the signing of the Israel-Jordan peace treaty. This land was not part of the treaty but as it was east of the river (and I ...
dotancohen's user avatar
  • 1,897
10 votes

In the early 1900s, how did US politicians treat black dignitaries from other countries?

In the years before the Kennedy administration, visiting African dignitaries, mostly from Liberia and Ethiopia, could hope for (but not expect) the red carpet to be rolled out / meet a senior ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
10 votes
Accepted

What did the smaller values from the "Percentages Agreement" actually mean?

It didn't mean anything. The reality in 1944 is that they were dividing Southeastern Europe into British and Soviet spheres of influence. A country, if it was not neutral or jointly occupied (i.e., ...
Semaphore's user avatar
  • 97.5k

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible