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60 votes

Why did the Ottomans not change their capital to an Arab city?

The Ottoman Empire was not an Arabian empire, but a Turkish one. So they had no reason to uproot their capital from Turkish lands and move it to an Arabian region. In addition, Constantinople ...
SPavel's user avatar
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45 votes
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Are there records of US slaves who practiced Islam following their import from Africa?

There is some very good evidence for captured Muslims who were sold as slaves, but continued to practice their faith. Perhaps the best known individuals were Ayuba Suleiman Diallo, who was enslaved ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
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41 votes

How kind were the Muslim occupations of North Africa?

The history is a bit sketchy about this period. The most well-known early source, Ibn Abd al-Hakam Conquest of Egypt and North Africa and Spain, was written in 870. Being written about two centuries ...
user69715's user avatar
  • 7,100
35 votes
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Did the Ottoman empire suppress the printing press?

There is some truth in it, but the printing press adoption delay was only a late symptom of an attitude that began much earlier. In short is was more of contempt for the culture and aesthetics of ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
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34 votes

Did Muslim states hire Western European knights as mercenaries before the Crusades?

Yes, there were -- and vice versa. There were European (Christian knights) operating as mercenaries for Muslim rulers as well as Muslim knights/mercenaries in Christian courts. Farfanes - Christian ...
J Asia's user avatar
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32 votes

Why did the Ottomans not change their capital to an Arab city?

Location: it is a strategic point, the central point for which Black Sea trade must pass. If you are under siege and you have a fleet, you can get supplied indefinitely; if the enemy assaults the ...
SJuan76's user avatar
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32 votes
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Did Muslim states hire Western European knights as mercenaries before the Crusades?

Short Answer Yes. Christian knights fought for Muslim rulers as mercenaries, the best known example being El Cid. They also fought with Muslim rulers as allies. This happened both before the crusades ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
30 votes
Accepted

Why did the pre-Islamic Arabs identify themselves as descendents of Ishmael?

That is actually a false perception that All Arabs consider themselves to be descendants of Ishmael. According to Arab traditions, Arabs categorized themselves into two main branches1: Adnanites ...
NSNoob's user avatar
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26 votes
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Why is Indonesia a Muslim country?

The Muslim religion started making its way into modern Indonesia in the 13th century. That's when various rulers in North Sumatra, then Java, started converting to that religion, as a result of ...
Tom Au's user avatar
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21 votes
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What historical evidence do we have for the existence of Mohammed?

Your question touches on the problem how one would prove any historical fact when there is no living (and credible) witness or modern forensic analysis. Look at the sources, consider who wrote them, ...
o.m.'s user avatar
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21 votes

Why did the Ottomans not change their capital to an Arab city?

Two more factors: The Ottoman Turks considered themselves to be the successors of the Roman Empire. Before they captured Constantinople, their territory was known as the Sultanate of Rum. After ...
Jeffrey Painter's user avatar
19 votes
Accepted

How were Muslim Turks treated in Byzantine Empire?

Muslim trader presence certainly existed in the Byzantine Empire. I'd split my answer into three parts: Documented Facts: Quoting from the main source: Muslim presence in the Eastern Roman Empire ...
NSNoob's user avatar
  • 8,195
18 votes

How kind were the Muslim occupations of North Africa?

This Jewish source characterizes Muslim rule in Spain during the Middle Ages as being "kind" by contemporary standards, but not by modern standards. Jews and Christians in Spain lived in a "second ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 104k
16 votes

What disruptions were brought about by Islam that the Arabians saw so many victories?

The critical factor all these answers leave out: The Black Death. The Plague of Justinian swept through the Byzantine and Sassanid Empires a few generations before Islam. On the Byzantine side, the ...
Rob Crawford's user avatar
16 votes

Why does some Califate money feature crosses?

The top picture is quite obviously a coin with a crude depiction of a seventh century "byzantine" emperor holding a globe with a cross on top. The early Muslim coins issued in former Roman ...
MAGolding's user avatar
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14 votes

What is the historical explanation behind the name of the French village Ramatuelle?

No, there is no accepted historical explanation for the name at all — and therefore one should exercise caution to firmly assert that the name "is of Arabic origin". It may be, but it seems ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 80.9k
13 votes

What is the origin of Khans? Is there any link between South Asian Khans and the Mongols?

RI Swamp Yankee has provided a good answer however I find some aspects lacking and some misinformation in the otherwise decent answer. Mongols and Islam When talking about Mongols, one has to ...
NSNoob's user avatar
  • 8,195
13 votes

How widespread was the Arabic Language in Syria before Islamic conquest?

To address Mark C Wallace's point, being ethnically Arabic and speaking the Arabic language are not the same thing. Arabic people existed long before the language we now call Arabic developed, albeit ...
fred2's user avatar
  • 1,437
13 votes

What significant regions and countries became Muslim without being first conquered by a Muslim power?

States in West Africa, including Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Niger, Mali and Nigeria The conversion to Islam in this region happened in a gradual process. Margari Hill's The Spread of ...
user69715's user avatar
  • 7,100
12 votes

Why did the island of Bali remain Hindu when most of the rest of Indonesia converted to Islam?

It's an interesting question (although it has been 2 years without satisfying answer; maybe you've found the answer), because it is located between Jawa Timur (East Java) and Nusa Tenggara Barat (West ...
fikr4n's user avatar
  • 291
12 votes
Accepted

What equipment and formations did the Muslim armies employ against the Crusades?

Equipment Armour: Unlike the Western European Crusaders, Muslim Soldiers never wore fully body armour. It is without a doubt a fact that Europeans were more heavily armoured than Muslims but that was ...
NSNoob's user avatar
  • 8,195
12 votes

What significant regions and countries became Muslim without being first conquered by a Muslim power?

Many of the descendants of the Mongol empire (except China, Mongolia and Far East). It is true that they were conquered by the Mongols, but at that time Mongols were not Muslims. At a later period ...
Alex's user avatar
  • 38.9k
12 votes

Why didn't Delhi became part of Pakistan?

Because Delhi was deep within majority Hindu territory. As @MarkC.Wallace pointed out, the partition of India was made along religious lines. Here is a map of pre-partition India by religious ...
Semaphore's user avatar
  • 97.6k
12 votes
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What was the status of Shia Muslims in the Ottoman empire?

This is very complicated for several reasons: (1) the time period is long, (2) regional / local factors and (to varying degrees) perceived external and internal threats meant changing policies, and (3)...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
11 votes

Why did Christianity disappear in North-Western Africa?

The decline of Christianity in the Maghreb is related to the Arab conquest and the rule of Muslim governors. An important step in that decline was the rule of Almoravids and Almohads, under which most ...
Pere's user avatar
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11 votes
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Was Mohammed known and respected in seventeenth-century Europe?

Stieler would probably have seen Mohammed as a military leader at the roots of Ottoman Empire. This position is not exactly within current scholarship, but the history of Islam was not a well ...
kubanczyk's user avatar
  • 6,183
11 votes
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Did Muslims swear by "the beard of the Prophet"?

This is a classic case of false depiction which is not uncommon in fiction. The Hadith (Sayings of Muhammad) quoted in the question you linked is correct and Muslims follow the "Sahih Hadiths" (Which ...
NSNoob's user avatar
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