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39 votes

Is there any primary source for Mussolini being called "Juliet"?

The sarcastic comments remarking on Mussolini's predilection for balcony speeches and comparing him to Juliet or Romeo goes back to 1935 or earlier in the English-language press. The November 11, 1935 ...
shoover's user avatar
  • 1,753
32 votes

Did the Allies benefit, by having Italy fight on Germany's side rather than remain neutral?

All things considered and with perfect hindsight, did the Allies benefit, by having Italy fight on Germany's side rather than remain neutral? No. While the popular impression is that Germany had to &...
Schwern's user avatar
  • 55.2k
31 votes

How did the Allies achieve air superiority on Sicily?

To begin with, when the air campaign ahead of Operation Husky (the campaign that culminated with the invasion of Sicily) began, the Allies already had a significant numerical superiority over the Axis ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
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22 votes
Accepted

Did the Soviet Union protest against Italy building or acquiring submarines after WW2?

A paper in Diplomatic History titled "From Disarmament to Rearmament: The United States and the Revision of the Italian Peace Treaty of 1947" covers the issue fairly well. The bottom line is ...
Jon Custer's user avatar
  • 2,515
19 votes
Accepted

World War 1: Why did Italy not fight until 1915?

The core of the Triple Alliance was Germany and Austria-Hungary who promised to protect each other against attack by any third party. Italy was an "adjunct" member, who promised and was ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 104k
17 votes

What is the true origin of Capri's "Scala Fenicia" ("Phoenician Steps")?

Italian Wikipedia has this explanation: Come già accennato nell'incipit, la Scala Fenicia è un residuo della presenza dei Greci sull'isola, che la costruirono intorno al VII e VI secolo a.C. L'...
ccprog's user avatar
  • 3,827
14 votes
Accepted

Help identify Venetian headpiece

The masks of the Venetian carnival are based in the characters of the Commedia Dell'Arte, a sort of improvisational theatre born in Italy during the 15th century. The top photo is a volto (a generic ...
Carlos Martin's user avatar
14 votes

Is there any primary source for Mussolini being called "Juliet"?

The Scottish author Compton Mackenzie (1883-1972) is famous for his comic novels (notably, Whiskey Galore in 1947), but, in 1943, published a propaganda work Wind of Freedom: The history of the ...
kimchi lover's user avatar
  • 5,874
12 votes
Accepted

Is the story about Mussolini and Oliver Hardy apocryphal?

SHORT ANSWER The story isn't true. It most likely stems from an inaccurate account by the English writer A. N. Wilson. It is also possible that Wilson's version has been 'blended' with a piece of ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
11 votes

When and how did classic "Italian" cuisine come to be?

tl:dr: Starting from the 19th century it took until after 1945 to form "modern classic Italian cuisine". These beginnings curiously coincide with the widespread adoption of tomatoes for ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 80.9k
11 votes
Accepted

Are the Swiss flag and the flag/coat of arms of Piedmont related?

Short Answer: The Swiss and Piedmontese coats of arms and flags might both possibly, repeat possibly, have originated as symbols of loyalty to the Holy Roman Empire. Long answer: Flags and coats of ...
MAGolding's user avatar
  • 19.3k
11 votes
Accepted

Did Thomas Aquinas's correspondent James of Tonengo become bishop of Vercelli?

Sort of, but he was not recognized by all the electors, some of whom elected another candidate. I can find no evidence that he was ever confirmed as bishop by the Holy See. In short, it's complicated.....
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
11 votes

Who is this decorated WWI Italian Army General?

Pretty clearly matches the face of Diaz Armando Vittorio ... immediately afterwards agreed to enter Mussolini's first government as Minister of War, appearing above all as a guarantee for the ...
Pieter Geerkens's user avatar
10 votes

How did the Medici originally get into finance?

Cosimo di Medici inherited a thriving "banking" business from his father Giovanni, who was the "Fred Trump" of the family, with Cosimo being like the current President of the United States. Most ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 104k
10 votes
Accepted

Teaching of Mathematics in Italy and in Germany in the fifteenth century

tl;dr This is not a real story but an illustrative description, probably invented in the 1930s. The first Indo-Arabian numerals came to Europe in the 10th century. They had a hard time at first. In ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 80.9k
9 votes

Why was Italy unified under the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia and not under a stronger state?

There was no stronger state. Kingdom of the Two Sicilies at the time was ruled by a cadet branch of the House of Bourbon. These were foreigners, Spaniards in particular. There was no affection for ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
  • 119k
9 votes

What are the flags in this Yellow Peril Cartoon from Italy?

I see three flags: Left center appears to have 3 vertically oriented stripes, with a dark stripe closest to the staff; based on @Justcal 's comment, this is probably France. Center right which is ...
MCW's user avatar
  • 33k
8 votes
Accepted

Why did the Tripartite Pact take so long to sign?

This is answered in the Wikipedia article lede: The Tripartite Pact was directed primarily at the United States. Since the US finally entered WWII in late 1941, the pact can be considered very early, ...
congusbongus's user avatar
  • 14.5k
8 votes
Accepted

How much debt did Italy remit Germany in the London Debt Agreement?

Short answer: there is no short answer. It depends on a lot of factors, legal opinions, and definitions. We might look at an initial agreement, and get a number. But that number is difficult to ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 80.9k
8 votes

Which specific equipment did Italian submarines lack for Atlantic?

The Italian submarines originally suffered from two material issues that prevented them from operating efficiently against convoys crossing the North Atlantic. The following quotations can be found on ...
Carl Christian's user avatar
8 votes

Why was Napoleon Bonaparte appointed to lead the French campaign in northern Italy?

Politics Napoleon Bonaparte was the protégé of Paul Barras, the strongest man of the time, member of the Directoire, who favored his military career and probably monitored his matrimonial plans (...
Evargalo's user avatar
  • 5,875
7 votes

Was the Italian campaign a strategic mistake?

Sorry to drag up this post from 2014 but I am looking to reinvigorate it based on a Research Paper that I am in the middle of writing. I have no desire to theorise on what could have happened but ...
MickNaxey's user avatar
7 votes

What does this Italian soldier's 1930’s uniform tell us about his job and rank?

The collar badge specifically appears to be that of the Italian 17th Infantry "Acqui" Motorized Brigade. An infantry unit named Acqui operated from 1831 to 1871, again from 1881 to 1926, from 1939 ...
Pieter Geerkens's user avatar
7 votes
Accepted

Why was the War of the League of Cambrai such a hot mess?

There were three major players in Italy: 1) France 2) Spain/Holy Roman Empire (HRE) (treat them as one unit since one man, Charles V, ruled both, and 3) Venice, the "local bully." The first stage of ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 104k
7 votes

What were the names of Amerigo Vespucci's ships?

We don't know Very little is known about Vespucci's deeds in the continent that was going to be named after him. The only sources of information we have is a series of letters, some of them highly ...
Rekesoft's user avatar
  • 577
6 votes

Did the Socialist and the Fascist party share the electoral programme in Italy?

I answered the original question in Politics, https://politics.stackexchange.com/questions/362/did-the-socialist-and-the-fascist-party-share-the-electoral-programme-in-italy , albeit not having found ...
Luís Henrique's user avatar
6 votes

Why does Brazil have many more Italian descendants than the U.S. or Argentina when the latter two received more Italian immigrants?

Pure speculation: 1) Possibly Italians immigrants in Argentina and the US tended to mostly marry other persons of Italian descent. So most second generation Italian immigrants would combine descent ...
MAGolding's user avatar
  • 19.3k
6 votes

Teaching of Mathematics in Italy and in Germany in the fifteenth century

A German merchant of the fifteenth century asked an eminent professor where he should send his son for a good business education. It is clear that this story is made up by the author for ...
Alex's user avatar
  • 38.9k
6 votes

Why did Mussolini say that people are not really free if they don't have access to the ocean?

In 1932, Mussolini expressed his embrace of an Italian Empire when he (with Giovanni Gentile) wrote the entry for the Italian Encyclopedia defining fascism, wherein he states ...For Fascism, the ...
anongoodnurse's user avatar

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