49

General observations on early urban policing In 1800, only four cities in the US had populations of around 25,000 or more - the largest of these was New York with 60,000 (the others were Philadelphia, Baltimore and Boston) - so the challenges of policing in the US up to the early 1800s were much less than in the major cities of Europe where London was just ...


19

The first modern police force in the United States was the Philadelphia Police Department, and according to the Officer Down Memorial page, the first PPD officer killed in the line of duty was Watchman Steven Heimer, shot at the beginning of a riot on January 8, 1828. Of course, police are not the only law enforcement in the U.S.— there were sheriffs and ...


15

Crime investigation was minimal, particularly because forensic science was non-existent or very crude. No fingerprinting. No autopsies to determine cause of death. No investigation of the crime scene for subtle clues like hairs or carpet pieces. They might use superstitions as well. It was a common practice as late as colonial Massachusetts to force a ...


14

The punishment of being "Hanged, drawn, and quartered" (sensu stricto, it should always be 'hanged', rather than 'hung') was abolished in England by the Forfeiture Act 1870: From and after the passing of this Act such portions of the Acts of the thirtieth year of George the Third, chapter forty-eight, and the fifty-fourth year of George the Third, chapter ...


8

The one people seem to be drawing on a lot (I found two recent articles about it) was the raid on Donald Manno in 2008.* The better of the two was here on Reuters. In 2008, Manno’s law office was raided by federal investigators pursuing a racketeering case against a suspected mobster who was a client and friend of the lawyer. The FBI copied Manno’s ...


6

The stacked A, C and I logo (over the word police) would appear to be the logo for the International Association of Chiefs of Police. This is listed on the right hand side of the document as the "International Association Chiefs of Police". The organisation was founded in May 1893 and is still in operation with a slightly modified logo. A History of the ...


5

Until the present case, what was the most significant or consequent of these actions in the United States? I don't know about most significant consequences, but I'll note the idea has been around for at least a century. United States v Clark (1933) references the limits of attorney-client privilege while dealing with the limits of juror privilege. Long ...


3

"Witchcraft" had very different connotations in Europe than in China or Japan. In (medieval) Europe, being a witch was connected to worshipping Satan. As such, it was a religious "sin," not merely a secular crime. That's why it was so widely and severely prosecuted. Asian cultures don't have a concept of "Satan," so there was no ...


3

The prominent attorney Lynne Stewart had her records raided in 2002 over her work with Omar Abdel-Rahman, the "Blind Sheik" linked to the 1993 World Trade Center bombing and the 1997 Luxor massacre. Her contact with her client was subject to special administrative measures that she may not have honored. Prosecutors believed she was relaying messages between ...


2

From: The Journal of San Diego History San Diego History Center Quarterly Summer Fall 2016, Volume 62, Number 3 & 4 David Lion Gardiner: A Yankee in Gold Rush California, 1849-1851: Other new settlers had considerably more savvy. Gardiner spent a good deal of time in the company of Davis, Heintzelman, and John E. Summers, all of whom were “...


2

The passports were issued by police departments and checked mainly by police officers. In the Empire, not everyone needed a passport, only those who traveled and who lived in cities. (Peasants who did not travel did not have them). When you arrived to a city you had to register your passport with the police department, to obtain a "residence registration" ...


1

They made up rhymes, of course! See page four here for an example (Google books makes it awkward to copy and paste) https://books.google.co.uk/books?hl=en&lr=&id=s2-R952RxXYC&oi=fnd&pg=PA1&dq=info:gXP0RdX1XEIJ:scholar.google.com/&ots=h9mKqq9Qdr&sig=gvR4lNec2lYI6KpctJdF6yjrhPc#v=onepage&q&f=false


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