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42 votes

How kind were the Muslim occupations of North Africa?

The history is a bit sketchy about this period. The most well-known early source, Ibn Abd al-Hakam Conquest of Egypt and North Africa and Spain, was written in 870. Being written about two centuries ...
user69715's user avatar
  • 7,090
19 votes

How kind were the Muslim occupations of North Africa?

This Jewish source characterizes Muslim rule in Spain during the Middle Ages as being "kind" by contemporary standards, but not by modern standards. Jews and Christians in Spain lived in a "second ...
Tom Au's user avatar
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10 votes
Accepted

When did "Africa" become the name of the whole continent?

The earliest available evidence of 'Africa' applied to the whole continent (including Egypt) would appear to date from the work of 16th century map makers. Abraham Ortelius (1527-98) produced this map ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
8 votes
Accepted

US "destroyed" Libya: how viable is this as a reading of the history?

The article is about the state of discourse in African American thinkers, not a history of the Libyan Civil War. In that sense, I wouldn't judge Patel too harshly. Reading it in the full context of ...
Schwern's user avatar
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7 votes

What does this Italian soldier's 1930’s uniform tell us about his job and rank?

The collar badge specifically appears to be that of the Italian 17th Infantry "Acqui" Motorized Brigade. An infantry unit named Acqui operated from 1831 to 1871, again from 1881 to 1926, from 1939 ...
Pieter Geerkens's user avatar
7 votes

When did "Africa" become the name of the whole continent?

It didn't, in the same way that iron didn't become the name of an element. It was the name of a substance that was later discovered to be an element. Africa was the Roman name for the land south of ...
David Robinson's user avatar
6 votes

When did "Africa" become the name of the whole continent?

Africa has been used as the name of the continent since the Roman Empire. In the circa AD 600 medieval encyclopaedia Etymologiae, for example, Isidore of Servile wrote that: The [globe] is divided ...
Semaphore's user avatar
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5 votes

US "destroyed" Libya: how viable is this as a reading of the history?

Not accurate at all. The Libyan intervention of 2011 was in fact a NATO operation, including the forces of the UK, US, France, Italy, Canada, Norway, Sweden, Netherlands, with the UAE and Qatar ...
tj1000's user avatar
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4 votes

When did "Africa" become the name of the whole continent?

The division of the earth into three parts with the names Africa, Europa and Asia is first attested in the Roman author Pomponius Mela, who lived about the beginning of the Christian era. He uses ...
fdb's user avatar
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3 votes

Why did Khadafi chose to support Idi Amin?

Why did Gaddafi support Idi Amin? Gaddafi was known for backing a number of leaders viewed as anathema to Westernization and political liberalism, including Ugandan President Idi Amin, Central ...
sds's user avatar
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2 votes

What does this Italian soldier's 1930’s uniform tell us about his job and rank?

As mentioned, the collar tabs ("mostrine") denote the soldier's divisional affiliation, however the soldier may also have been affiliated with the 28th "Aosta", 20th "Friuli", 57th "Lombardia", or ...
SK Nick Chimera Jr.'s user avatar
2 votes

The 2011 Libya action by France, UK, US was supported by a UN resolution - but was it subverted for regime change?

Your question can be broken down into several parts. Did the NATO-led coalition deliberately try to topple the Gaddafi regime? I think we can all agree on a "yes" to that one. In doing so, did they ...
o.m.'s user avatar
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2 votes

How much did Israel pay the Libyan Flight 114 shootdown victims?

According to an article that published in "Haaretz" daily newspaper(January 2003) The Israeli government paid 30,000 USD to families of victims, and 10,000 - 30,000 to survivors who injured. As ...
Moyshe Zuchmir's user avatar

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