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14

While the "Maltese Falcon" itself is fictional the object might have been inspired by a real one - albeit one without the exciting Knights Templar and Pirates(!) backstory. The "Kniphausen Hawk" is a bejeweled drinking vessel dating to at least 1697 and is currently owned by the Duke of Devonshire, being ~15 inches high and literally covered in gemstones it ...


13

These are facts, historical facts, not schoolbook history, not Mr. Wells's history, but history nevertheless. ... I believe what this is saying is that the following information isn't written down in any history book anywhere, but (in Hammet's fictional universe) did actually happen. Its meant to both lay out some background information to the reader, and ...


12

It seems that all those sources may preserve elements of how Jean Parisot de La Valette died. In his 1864 history, The Knights of Malta, Whitworth Porter described La Valette's death as follows: La Valette was struck down by a sunstroke whilst engaged in a hunting expedition. A violent fever followed, and after an illness of a month, he died on the 21st ...


9

Suleiman the Magnificent died a year after the Great Siege and was succeeded by Selim II. The change in leadership also brought a change of focus. Selim decided to move against the equally strategically positioned Mediterranean island of Cyprus. The War of Cyprus started only five years after the Great Siege, and although the Ottomans ultimately prevailed, ...


9

The answer is yes. While both the strength of fortifications and terrible mistakes from the Ottomans (I would also count the great determination and strategy of defenders as a third condition) played a highly important role, during the siege, Hospitallers used also a kind of defensive weapons that were unavailable to any other forces of their times. I ...


7

Such stippling is a common feature at prehistoric Maltese sites. They are often considered a primitive decorative pattern - somewhat of a forerunner of a modern art form. It is the best preserved of all the Maltese temples ... The two left-hand lobed chambers are linked by a trilith niche of stones decorated by stippling; the inner of these two chambers ...


6

This order is quite old and previously called Hospitaller. The earlier designs were much simpler crosses and not really "arrow-like". The design is quite varied over the medieval period and ranged from a plain Latin cross to the 'modern' design. Obsidionis Rhodie Urbis Descriptio, Bibliotheque Nationale, Ms. Lat. 6067, f37v, Paris, France. While there ...


5

Jean Parisot de La Valette developed a severe fever the day after he had been out hunting in extremely hot weather and never fully recovered. Valette, who was 73 at the time of his death, was also under considerable stress due to the responsibilities of being the Grand Master (he had been the subject of much recent criticism) and he had suffered a personal ...


4

The perceived discrepancies in question are not necessarily all too contradictory. Most accounts repeated elsewhere of this are very short and just leave out specifics. Further, earlier understandings of the medical reason side were probably hampered by basing a diagnosis on outdated medical knowledge. If he went hunting and got a sun stroke, he didn't have ...


4

In Mario Cassar, The surnames of the Maltese Islands: an etymological dictionary (2003): APAP (1) Greek — nickname (?); < Gk. Apapis [De Soldanis], < apapy, a dandelion-like weed; of uncertain application as a surname. The surname Avap (a possible cogante form) prevails in Italy. (2) Arabic — nickname; tautological form of Ar. ab ...


3

Here are some reasons that might have contributed: Malta is basically a limestone archipelago, with an abundance of Globigerina limestone that is particularly easy to process and use in construction (source). This means that temples were easy to construct, and that the re-use value of their material was relatively low. Malta had little fertile soil, which ...


3

I know this question is very old but I thought it deserved an answer because the speculation is quite inaccurate. Comino was inhabited up till very recently, probably up till the early 1990s. People just left because modern lifestyles require amenities that are not available there and commuting by boat just to go to work and send your kids to school is not ...


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