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25 votes

Who was the first person to get a more accurate measure of the earth's circumference than Eratosthenes?

The accuracy of Eratosthenes's calculations of the circumference being 252,000 stadia depends on assumptions about the modern equivalent of length of the stadion. The same issue applies to Posidonius'...
Henry's user avatar
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17 votes
Accepted

Are there any confirmed accounts of ancient Greek or Roman mathematicians owning slaves?

Yes, because owning slaves was so much the norm in ancient Greece that it would have been surprising if they had not. Biographical details are generally scarce, but we do have Diogenes Laertius, Lives ...
Frank Pennycook's user avatar
15 votes
Accepted

Who was the first person to get a more accurate measure of the earth's circumference than Eratosthenes?

Wikipedia articles on the "History of Geodesy", "Earth's circumference", and so on give a thorough summary of potential candidates, but suggest that this question isn't going to be ...
Brian Z's user avatar
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9 votes

Are there any confirmed accounts of ancient Greek or Roman mathematicians owning slaves?

The poverty line in Republican Rome was not being able to own one slave. Sulla once qualified as being poor. Later in life he became dictator and very rich. But in his younger years he was anything ...
Jos's user avatar
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6 votes

Was Pythagoras against traditional/contemporary Greek education?

At least part of this is rooted in Pythagoras' disdain of those who sold their knowledge, which, as we know from Plato, is something that "sophists" were wont to do. Similarly, schoolmasters,...
cmw's user avatar
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1 vote

Are there any confirmed accounts of ancient Greek or Roman mathematicians owning slaves?

The main assumption in the cited question are false: I think one of the main reasons is slavery. You need much free time to do mathematics. This impression is based on the picture of slavery and/or ...
Roger V.'s user avatar
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