19

Most probably, this starts with a an untrue premise: There are not so many laws about eye injury. How many "laws" are there in the Hammurabi Code? — 282. How many "laws" are there concerning consequences of eye injury? 2 One law for harm done by everyday accidents, brawls, malicious intent, one for professional medical health & safety. The "why" and ...


11

Because the circumstances are all different. In regards "blows and strikes": [116] addresses loss of life, not blows per se. [202] through [206] are all varying classes of assault under different circumstances. The rest of this answer should assist you in interpreting the Code. Let's look closely at the laws pertaining to loss of an eye, in context: 196....


8

The quotes given in Dr Killgrove's article includes just those parts of the tablets where the translation is reasonably certain. While these may convey the broad meaning (in this case that the letters were complaints against the copper merchant Ea-nasir), it can be confusing when the individual letters are looked at in detail. Details about the tablet you ...


5

I have found full list of proto-cuneiform signs (very large file [93 MB]), with very detailed glyphs together with their meanings sadly meanings seems to be all missing. Though there is no author information. Also as you suggested; A. Falkenstein, Archaische Texte aus Uruk (Archaische Texte aus Uruk 1; Berlin-Leipzig 1936) from Cuneiform Digital ...


5

In a era when decimal numbers didn't exist, but fractions did, 60 has many factors: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 12, 15, 20, 30 and 60. The factors of 10 are: 1, 2, 5 and 10. When dividing quantities into smaller units it is easier and more useful to be able to divide them into the smaller quantities if a base of 60 is used instead of 10.


4

Note: this answer was done before the question was edited to create a completely different question. No likely answer will meet the standards of history as a science. The "Garden of Eden" is described in Jewish religious texts, written long after the events were supposed to happen. Both historical and religious scholars study the history of the ...


3

The Wikipedia article on the Buyid dynasty is clear about the fact that the Buyids conquered the Abbasids and made them into a vassal state. So they did not "emerge as allies", but rather as ememies. At the same time however, the Buyid did depend on the Abbasid to rule, particularly in Baghdad. Here is a relevant footnote from an article which spells that ...


1

This is probably not a very good answer, although perhaps it provides some context. There is evidence that the Indus valley people migrated towards Sumer, and conducted trade with Oman and the present day orient, by boat, from 3000BC until later civilizations used the same trade route in 350BC. The details of Indus valley chronology and trade are ...


1

The Indus Valley civilization started declining around 1700 BCE. The Bronze Age transitioned into the Iron age also referred to as PGW(Painted Greyware)-Iron age, somewhere around 1000-1100 BCE (Iron was discovered in burial sites near Gandhara). There was no abrupt collapse of the bronze age. . The conventional viewpoint is that at this stage that mixing ...


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