8

German Plans for amphibious landings in the Black Sea at Taman and Tuapse in support of Fall Blau in 1942. Kriegsmarine Marinefährprahme (MFP) in the Black Sea. (from Kriegsmarine: The Forgotten Service) Fuhrer Directive 43, issued on 11th July 1942, which detailed Plan BLUCHER, the proposed operations of the German 11th Army in crossing the Kerch Strait ...


6

No, except across narrow Kerch strait First, Axis forces in Black Sea were relatively small, and mainly consisted of Romanian navy (with few destroyers) with some German light naval units (Type II coastal submarines, some torpedo and patrol boats, armed barges etc ...) . Or in other words, units designed more for sea denial then for sea control . Romanians ...


6

If this was considered, it has left no trace in written history. It is not mentioned in the relevant volume of Germany and the Second World War (Volume VI/II, pp. 843-863, "The Decision for Operation Blue"), nor in Warlimont's memoirs (pp. 226-233 of Inside Hitler's Headquarters, 1939-45) or Doenitz's (Searched the whole electronic text, no mention of ...


4

Question: Were Israeli-arab conflicts in the Cold war testing grounds for NATO and Warsaw Pact equipment? Short Answer: Mostly no, but in the end yes. More Detailed Answer: The cold war lasted from 1947 – 1991. The Arab Israili wars during that time period were 1948–49: Israel’s War Of Independence - No US Military Aid 1956: Suez Crisis ...


3

What kind of rifle used this shell case? I'm no expert but from what I've read ... The marking "6PR" suggests a 6-pounder, for example the QF 6-pounder Hotchkiss Image is Public Domain - Crown copyright expired The arrow mean accepted into service "N" means Naval service "IV" means a Mark 4 casing "CF" means cordite filled "1917" is the year of ...


3

Sniper functionality was a singular task in the 1750 — 1880 era of targeting enemy command till the invention of smokeless powder in ~1880. With black powder, the sniper's position was instantly apparent therefore a 2 team sniper would be at a double loss if eliminated. Once smokeless powder was available, the scope of what a team could do was slowly ...


3

I believe it was manufactured to be that style, An actual flight jacket wouldn't have a design with an airman posing with his hand in his pocket and something slung over his shoulder. A bunch of similar jackets here.


2

The first two images below are samples from a book which appears to be a record of payments in kind made to soldiers in the San Francisco Presidio in 1817, which perhaps confirms the suggestion in the question that they were unpaid during the war. The document in the following images appears to show the payments made to the officers and men in the San ...


2

Guderian's Timetable for Fall Gelb. In Panzer Leader, Heinz Guderian describes the development of the Manstein Plan for Fall Gelb in early 1940. He states that war games were held on the 7th and 14th of February 1940 which produced results that were to his mind "decisive in its favour", and which generated considerable discussion between the officers ...


1

Callwell, Small Wars. Only a few years before your time window. Flying columns in chapter 11. USMC, Infantry in Battle. Written after your time window, but a retrospective. Googling only got me a PDF with half the text, perhaps you can find it in a library. Chapter 19 or thereabouts.


1

He was clearly was an officer of the infantry given the sleeves, hat and sword. From the sleeves, he looks to be a Lieutenant (or possibly a 2nd Lieutenant, it's hard to tell whether he has one or two gold braids on the sleeve). You are correct about the time period, the uniform he is wearing were worn from about 1900 to 1913


1

During the War of Attrition (1967-1970) Israel used US supplied equipment. During that period the Soviet Union invested considerable resources in support for the Egyptian regime. The Soviets provided MiG and Sukhoi aircraft to the Egyptians, and during 1970 Soviet pilots took active part in operations (e.g. Rimon 20) and suffered casualties. The Soviets also ...


1

Wikipedia's article on Battle of the Netherlands puts it far more succinctly than I could ever hope to (my emphasis): Though it was thus on 17 January 1940 decided to conquer the whole of the Netherlands, few units could be made available for this task. ... The attack on central Belgium was only a feint — and the attack on Fortress Holland only a side ...


1

As mentioned, the collar tabs ("mostrine") denote the soldier's divisional affiliation, however the soldier may also have been affiliated with the 28th "Aosta", 20th "Friuli", 57th "Lombardia", or 54th "Napoli" divisions, as they all had very similar insignia. Without full color, it is impossible to know for certain. We do know, however, that he was an ...


1

The horse always the horse. The reason Calvary decimated infantry and especially archers was a war horse could weigh 1,200 and 1,400 pounds and can run at speeds up to 55 miles an hour. A rider on such an animal could ride right over massed foot soldiers killing or incapacitating many men, not by act of the rider but just the impact of the horse. You ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible