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Colours are used in many cultures to denote directions. Chinese and Turkish colour/directions systems are very similar, which is probably not a co-incidence. This picture from a linguistics blog compares them, and notes that the Red Sea and the Black Sea are named for their directions from Turkey. Comments on this question suggest that Belarus (White Russia)...


13

Deformed arms? No - the skeletal changes are in the back and shoulders, not the arms, and I'm not comfortable with the term "deformed". That said, were there similar changes to the skeletons of longbow archers and horse archers? Probably. The following quote applies to Hungarian horse archers, using similar bows and suggests that skeletal changes ...


12

Your talking about the Golden horde, or the Ulus of Jochi. It was divided between Jochi's sons, but it remained united. It stretched from Central Asia to Eastern Europe. These were the western Mongolian domains, minus the troubled Ilkhanate of Persia. The Ulus of Jochi was its Mongolian name. The "Golden Horde" is what the Russians called it, but it was ...


11

When most people think of "Huns" and "Mongols", they are thinking of Atilla's empire of the mid 400's and Genghis Khan's Mongolian Empire of the 1200's. Since there's a good 800 years between them, obviously the answer is "no" on that level. It sounds like what you heard is the story of the Yuezhi. As you can probably tell from the name, we know about them ...


4

Although my sources seem to have disappeared: First, the Khalkhas were not a coherent group. There was a lot of internal strife. Allying yourself with one Khalkha khan equaled a declaration of war to another. Both Tushiyetu Khan and Khan Shira were Khalkhas. Both reigned over a subset of the Khalkha population. Originally Khalkha & Dzungars were allied....


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An example by Suvarov himself: Kinburn (1787) At 16.00 hours Russian reinforcements approached and Suvorov repeated his attack, after releasing Cossacks to attack around the left flank of the enemy over the shoals and into their rear. This attack was successful, and Turks were forced out from the trenches and forced against the coast, forcing the fleet to ...


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Duwa died in 1307. His son Könchek died in 1308. Then Taliqu died in 1309. Then Kebek ruled for a year as well, until his brother Esen Buqa I took over. This -- finally -- reestablished some normalcy, before power returned in Kebek's hands a decade later. The point in raising this is that instability was a thing when step nomad leaders changed. (It wasn't ...


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This question seems too contrived to have any sincere intention, such as, " ... knowing how ravenous they were, wouldn't they also have wanted to take women back with them to Mongolia?" Did OP mean to assert they were more ravenous for women? Than whom? Actually, no, I don't know how ravenous. All conflicts - from ancient to modern era - results in ...


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