20 votes

Why did nationalism in all of Europe surge in the 19th century?

Who protects your daily security? Who does your loyalty belong to? Initially (in the middle ages), the answer was your local nobleman, and, through him, via the duke and/or kind, to the Holy Roman ...
sds's user avatar
  • 27k
13 votes

How did the US Thanksgiving holiday become associated with the Plymouth harvest festival of 1621?

It was a gradual process spanning many decades. A connection existed in at least some New Englander's minds as early at the 1840s, but you are correct that the idea was not well-entrenched nationally ...
Brian Z's user avatar
  • 19.6k
13 votes

Did Serb nationalism play an outsized role in the breakup of Yugoslavia?

This depends on how you define "responsible" The immediate reason was that the Croats and Slovenes (and later all the other non-Serbian nationals) overwhelmingly wanted independence. Under those ...
Laetus's user avatar
  • 441
13 votes
Accepted

How did the stigmatisation of nationalism begin?

WW1. WW1 started amid a wild enthusiasm in all European nations (cf. lecture 5 "August Madness"). The wave of nationalism even swept the SDP! The war was a huge disappointment to everyone involved. ...
sds's user avatar
  • 27k
12 votes
Accepted

Why wasn't there French irredentism or pan-fransicm?

The thing is that at the time in question, France was actually quite diverse (and yet sufficiently unified on a political level to become a rather successful democratic nation-state rather than ...
Relaxed's user avatar
  • 2,206
10 votes
Accepted

Why were the continuity states of Imperial and Royal Austria-Hungary disunited, while the continuity states of Imperial Russia were united?

The answer is simple. In the parts of Imperial Russia that became the USSR, the Communist Party had managed to achieve sufficient control, and was determined to form a union. The parts that became ...
John Dallman's user avatar
  • 31.6k
7 votes

Has there ever arisen a nation-state without violence/war/extreme subordination?

Iceland would probably count. It left its union with Denmark in 1918 at the end of a peaceful independence movement. However, it continued to share Denmark's king as head of state until 1944, when ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
  • 119k
6 votes

Racism, or Nationalism, represented in 19th century English Wills?

A little bit of both, but mostly "nationalism." First of all, the will opposed a marriage of Charlotte to say a Frenchman or a German, (at least unless they happened to be British subjects like some ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 104k
5 votes
Accepted

Do Manchurian Nationalists want Independence?

Have they ever tried it before? Yes, after the foundation of the republic, Manchurian elites fostered Manchurian nationalism in the dreams of an imperial restoration. The existence of this movement ...
Semaphore's user avatar
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5 votes
Accepted

Why didn't every nation commit genocides against every other nation when they conquered land?

Even the Mongols, who killed over thirty million people in their conquests and were some of the most bloodthirsty invaders on record found it more worthwhile to set themselves up as leaders. Why ...
Gort the Robot's user avatar
5 votes

What exactly did the 1868 Szepes Petition do?

There is indeed a nice diploma thesis about this, that @WiJama found: Lucia Tatarková; "Vplyv Spišských petícií na národné hnutie Slovákov v 60. rokoch 19. storočia", Filozofická fakulta Univerzity ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 80.9k
5 votes

Were there regionalist/independentist movements or feelings in mid-19th century Spain?

In general, it is problematic to call "nationalism" anything before the French Revolution, because before that the idea that the nation was a political subject was just political-fiction. Apart from ...
SJuan76's user avatar
  • 12.4k
4 votes

Was swastika really a popular symbol among Slavs and/or ancient Indo-Europeans?

I'm not sure the confusion here as the symbol is well attested in ancient Europe. The earliest finds of the symbol come from Eastern Europe. The earliest known swastika comes from a figurine carved ...
Daniel's user avatar
  • 687
4 votes

What led to the creation of Belgium?

The Kingdom of The Netherlands was formed in 1813 to form a buffer against France. The Belgians weren't asked anything. King Willy 1 (William of Orange) was simply a good negotiator. The allies didn't ...
Jos's user avatar
  • 21.9k
4 votes
Accepted

Have any nations returned to their ancient homelands?

The state of Israel was founded in the late 1940s. There were already many Jews living in in Palestine where their ancestors had lived for centuries. But most of the population emigrated there from ...
MAGolding's user avatar
  • 19.3k
3 votes

Has there ever arisen a nation-state without violence/war/extreme subordination?

I'd include the partition of Czechoslovakia into the Czech Republic and Slovakia. According to Wikipedia, The separation occurred without violence, and was thus said to be "velvet", much ...
BobT's user avatar
  • 214
3 votes

Why were the continuity states of Imperial and Royal Austria-Hungary disunited, while the continuity states of Imperial Russia were united?

There was an important difference between the two empires. In the case of the Soviet Union, there was one country, Russia, with 50% or more of the people of the whole Union. The next two, Ukraine, and ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 104k
3 votes

Did Serb nationalism play an outsized role in the breakup of Yugoslavia?

TLDR: Prior to economic troubles provided by economic mismanagement courtesy of the IMF, most Yugoslavians were not nationalistic separatists; they wanted a unified Yugoslavia. After economic troubles,...
Astor Florida's user avatar
2 votes

Why wasn't there French irredentism or pan-fransicm?

Actually, there was a mild form of French "Irredentism" that manifested itself in the Austro-Sardinian war of 1859, when France demanded the return of Savoy and Nice in exchange for aiding Sardinia in ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 104k
2 votes

Books on development of collective identities (tribal, ethnic, national etc) and people's identification as part of the collective through time?

The classic text that comes to mind is The Invention of Tradition (1983), edited by Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger. It is a collection of essays that explore how nationalism developed in various (...
Unrelated's user avatar
  • 181
2 votes

Why did nationalism in all of Europe surge in the 19th century?

It was in large part due to the French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars. First, France had a revolution that led to the composition of the national anthem, La Marseillaise, that started French ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 104k
2 votes

When the national leader is a foreigner

Historically, this is not a "curious fact" but rather a general rule. I mean the time when "national leaders" in Europe were monarchs. It is very common for a monarch to be a foreigner. Some examples:...
Alex's user avatar
  • 38.9k
2 votes

How did the stigmatisation of nationalism begin?

I agree with the previous answer, but as you've mentioned the Left-wing, I'll add some points about that perspective. It seems that there's an interpretation of Marx's work as to deem nationalism as ...
Fernando's user avatar
2 votes

Did Serb nationalism play an outsized role in the breakup of Yugoslavia?

Restricting this answer to the objective, "What reforms the Milosevic introduce?" From the Britanica article: As Serbia’s party leader, Milošević demanded that the federal government ...
MCW's user avatar
  • 33.1k
1 vote

History of nations - books

I think there is one such book that is somewhat closer to what you are expecting from a history book. The Histories of Nations: How Their Identities Were Forged. From the description given under ...
SwiftPushkar's user avatar
1 vote

When the national leader is a foreigner

A foreigner as a ruler is (or perhaps was) quite common in Europe. Many European emerging nations looked for (usually) German princes when they gained their independence, if they wanted to become a ...
Jos's user avatar
  • 21.9k
1 vote

How did the stigmatisation of nationalism begin?

Nationalism largely originated with Louis XIV. Political structure prior to this was local government by nobility with the nobles having allegiance to Royalty. There was little concept of a nation ...
TomO's user avatar
  • 466
1 vote

Racism, or Nationalism, represented in 19th century English Wills?

While it is not to do with marriage, it is to do with nationalism, his Wikipedia article confirms that in 1877 Cecil Rhodes, the British colonial magnate (present-day Zimbabwe was formerly known after ...
Timothy's user avatar
  • 5,621
1 vote

Given Hitler's Austrian ancestry, why did he develop German nationalism rather than Austrian nationalism?

One reason why Hitler did not become an Austrian nationalist was because it was impossible at that time. When Hitler was a child and a young adult deciding his world views, there was no Austrian ...
MAGolding's user avatar
  • 2,172

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