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117

For once that was an ideal. And a goal. To be 'restored'. By racial breeding and struggle. And it was readily apparent to really everyone that not every German was blonde. That said, Hitler himself was not a "perfect example", but he also wasn't the complete opposite of that concept either, as he had blue eyes: And was also with 175cm quite ...


54

Short answer – it was less "hiring" and more "drafting". No pre-screening happened that I could find evidence of (well, except for the general "has to be a good Nazi" principle, which might count towards that), but being soft on incarcerated was strongly discouraged, which led to a predictable result of "refining" the most harsh guard possible. The camps ...


39

Three steps to observe: Hitler was given the chancellory Election in 1933 Reichstag fire & Enabling decree First the really unwanted elements were beaten up, imprisoned or just killed. Then a lot of the right-wingers saw their wishes and chances and did not switch sides, to the contrary, they just switched the membership card. Then, after eliminating ...


34

Hitler was tapped by Hindenburg, and others, because it was felt that he was just a front-man for the Nazis, not the real power figure. As such, they believed that he could be "leashed". On November 21st, Hitler saw Hindenburg again and tried a different approach. He read a prepared statement claiming that parliamentary government had failed and that ...


33

There is a confusion of terminology at work, here. First of all, you have to understand what the terms involved were not: They weren't the "loaded" terms we recognize them as from today's point of view. Fascists were followers of the Partito Nazionale Fascista. That is where the term originated, and that was all it originally meant. Nazis were followers of ...


25

So just how was Nazi Germany hoping WWII would end? You may be looking at this from a wrong perspective. Nazi Germany never had a master plan to conquer the world. It never had a plan to wage war on a world scale. Nazi Germany certainly had military plans ready on how to conquer their neighbors. Because that's what the military gets paid for. And those ...


24

This is partially really almost answered within the question: The lay judges were supporters of Hitler… But the whole affair is at the same time really strange and blatantly obvious, in retrospect. Despite being the most high profile defendant, Ludendorff was still so immensely popular that his role was almost edited out completely before the process ...


24

The symbol, though defaced, is probably the symbol of the Hitlerjugend. Click the link to see the actual image, I don't want to post it here, since it would be a legal grey area for me to do so for reasons also explained in the wikipedia page. The L.D. and H.J. probably stand for "Landdienst" and "Hitlerjugend". Landdienst was a branch or ...


21

Germany isn't alone in having committed a genocide. Sadly, this is normal human behavior. However, the Shoah is probably is the best documented case, having occurred smack dab in the middle of the most literate society on earth. So what you are asking isn't really a Germany question, but a human behavior question (with Germany as the best of sadly too many ...


20

The Jews were targeted not because of their religion but on basis of their supposed 'racial characteristics'. According to the science of the day, eugenics, this could be easily detected based on parentage and physical characteristics. Thus marriage and birth certificates were a major source of information, and where that wasn't conclusive (say immigrants), ...


16

So how did it happen that we no longer refer to activities conducted by German State and German ordinary folks during the period of 1939-1945 by the adjective "Germans" but we use "Nazi" instead? Reference to the German State of 1939-1945 is implicitly a reference to the Nazi party. So it is natural to use the word Nazi in order to make a justifiably clear ...


16

Juan Domingo Perón. Source: ThoughtCo / Getty Images Short Answer 1. Did [Juan Domingo] Perón shelter Nazis after WWII? A: Yes. Perón helped fleeing Nazis escape Europe and gave them refuge in Argentina. 2. If “Yes” - what were his motives for doing so? A: His motives were multi-faceted: - He viewed Nazis as brothers in arms and helped them on that ...


16

They didn't. That isn't a Nazi flag. The EU didn't use that flag. That picture seems to be from the 1939 American Nazi organisation rally at Madison Square Garden. The flags in the background are variations on the familiar 'Stars and Stripes': and the Betsy Ross flag: The picture is just another example of far-right extremists wrapping themselves in ...


15

The short answer is that the orchestra served as a useful propaganda tool both at home and abroad, helped the Nazi regime achieve their initial goal of seperating Jews from German society and culture, and served as a means of social control. Allowing the Jüdischer Kulturbund or Jewish Cultural Federation was not as inconsistent with overall Nazi policy ...


14

My parents, uncles and aunts grew up in Nazi Germany. The following is purely anecdotal based on their personal accounts. It's not researched and I can't vouch for all statements being factually true (although I believe them to mostly accurate). The Nazis were extremely good at controlling information. Joseph Goebbels, the minister of "propaganda" was one ...


14

From 1934 to 1943 we see all the hallmarks of charismatic leadership and a steady rise in popularity of the leader, the party and the regime. Quantitative data on this is fragmentary, not in the form of reliable opinion polls we expect from a modern newscast, but do not get there either. Qualitative data shows a seemingly consistent picture of support right ...


13

Hitler was an Chameleon opportunist who used the word "Aryan", in different contexts to supplement his political ideologies, which were mainly to conquer Europe, and the systematic eradication of Jews. The Earliest definition of Aryan, given out by the Nazis, was a race of people belonging to "Indo-European tribes" and the five European sub-races Nordic, ...


13

No Delay to BARBAROSSA -- But Significant Implications Firstly, as a teaser, it is worth pointing out that Hitler himself did quite explicitly blame Mussolini's failures in Africa and the Balkans for undermining his invasion of the USSR, in his famous recorded conversation with Marshal Mannerheim of Finland in May 1942. He made mention of the permanent loss ...


12

Authenticity The memorandum, titled "Reflection on the Treatment of Peoples of Alien Races in the East", is certainly genuine. Though if I understand correctly, what we have is not the memorandum (said to be 6 pages long) itself, but rather Himmler's own summary of it and his further notes to self on dissemination. These notes were entered as Document ...


12

How did they view themselves? Let's ask them. Take the diaries of Joseph Goebbels. He writes in the extant works about national-socialism and fascism, mostly as a differentiation. But differentiating between what? He does not identify himself as a fascist. The fascists are the Italians, under Mussolini. They are not only allies. They are brothers in mind ...


11

As far as your first question, you can read the Nazi's complaints against the Jews in any number of books, such as "My Struggle" by Hitler. Regarding the second question, the identification of "non-practicing" Jews, let me first of all say that jwentings answer that they were measuring their foreheads is just nuts and has no relationship to reality. In old ...


11

The Nazis certainly approved of Oliver Twist. As early as 1923 the principal Nazi newspaper Völkischer Beobachter printed a German translation of the book in instalments. See here: http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1535


11

There is no general answer. Party members who would strut around in safe areas in fancy uniforms were called "Goldfasan" (translated "Golden pheasant"). They were common enough to draw notice and scorn from ordinary Germans. Several million men were members of the NSDAP. Not all were excused from frontline service. All other things being equal, a senior ...


11

I suspect this is more a cause of change than anything else. When we speak today of activities involving Russia in the 20th century we speak of Soviet Russia, or Bolshevist Russia. Similarly one may speak of imperial England. The word Nazi characterizes Germany of the last 1930's and 1940's because the party dominated the political landscape and many ...


11

In my opinion, he was writing to an audience of future sympathizers, whom he would want to continue his actions, i.e. the extermination of Jews and subjugation of other people by the Aryans. By that time, they were losing the war and he knew it, despite his grasping at straws about a last minute breakup of the Allies a la Frederick the Great. Taking the ...


10

tl;dr In fact, it appears that doctors in Germany during the Third Reich did take the Hippocratic Oath (or something equivalent to it). However, that Oath had been drastically re-interpreted in line with a new framework of medical ethics that had been adopted by the Nazis. Furthermore, we have testimony from the Nuremberg War Crimes trials where doctors ...


10

#tl;dr Until 1947 it was dry cookie time. Until 1950 they were barred from being public servants, if in tier 1 and 2 category of "being nazi". After 1951 they got all the love for being loyal Germans, American allies and trustworthy anti-communists. The shadow of the past only befell few individuals, who after some kind of fall from grace were ...


10

In Mein Kampf as well as in Zweites Buch, Adolf Hitler advocates the idea of securing Lebensraum ("living space") at the expense of other nations in wars of aggression. His substantiation, as far as I remember, is that the ultimate goal of any Volk (a people/nation) is to survive and that land is needed for better development of a Volk and, in particular, to ...


10

Assuming that with "Weimar" the question asked exclusively about pre-dictatorship Germany then for the timespan from 1919–1934 we have to observe: (October 1930) It's gonna be a clean winter. Nominations just against us. But the scoundrels will be wrong if they think they'll break us by terror and persecution. Interview with a radio man. I gave him a ...


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