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12 votes

Before European influence circa 1600, did any Chinese believe the Earth was spherical, and did they ever try to measure it?

See Joseph Needham's momumental work : Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 3, Mathematics and the Sciences of the Heavens and the Earth, Cambridge UP (1959), page 212-213: "Rather ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
7 votes

Before European influence circa 1600, did any Chinese believe the Earth was spherical, and did they ever try to measure it?

I am not sure about 1600, but there is a famous book on astronomy called Zhou bi suan jing, which is usually translated as "The Arithmetic Classic of the Gnomon and the Circular Paths of Heaven". It ...
Alex's user avatar
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5 votes

Did any Chinese scholars propose a heliocentric model?

Although it doesn't state whether a heliocentric model was proposed, I'd imagine some Chinese scholars entertained the possibility. Foremost, they had to overcome the accepted beliefs of their time, ...
Rhetorikolas's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

Why did the First and Second Industrial Revolutions start in Europe?

William McNeil, in his excellent (and neglected) The Pursuit of Power: Technology, Armed Force, and Society since A.D. 1000, argues that Europe's advantage was in no small part due to the Fall of Rome....
Mark Olson's user avatar
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2 votes

How has Chinese GDP as a percentage of world GDP changed over time and why?

The ChinaWhisper article doesn't seem to give sources, and its numbers are implausible, particularly having per capita GDP be several times bigger under the Song dynasty than before or after. A big ...
pixel's user avatar
  • 121
1 vote

Before European influence circa 1600, did any Chinese believe the Earth was spherical, and did they ever try to measure it?

Yes, some believed in a Round Earth, but we don't know if they tried to measure it. I'm going to start from the basis of the Round Earth concept; Hellenistic Astronomy was based upon Babylonian ...
Rhetorikolas's user avatar
1 vote

The Needham Question: What stunted China's technological and proto-scientific advancement?

I am not saying it is the only thing but the difficulty of becoming literate may have prevented the development of more than one potential Chinese innovator who was born into a family that could not ...
Jeff's user avatar
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