52

Theoretically, yes they were. The first law against Holocaust denial in Germany was passed in 1960, some time after the Nuremberg trials had taken place. As tall an order as it may have been for people to pretend that they hadn't known about something that even many civilians watching the trials knew about, to pretend that it hadn't happened at all would ...


24

Edit: Yes, they could have denied it if they'd wanted to - there was no law against it at the time - but none of them did in their defences to the charges. Using a defence that can readily be demolished by the prosecution when you're on trial for your life is not sensible. Edit: There was plenty of German documentation available, plus testimony from ...


16

So how did it happen that we no longer refer to activities conducted by German State and German ordinary folks during the period of 1939-1945 by the adjective "Germans" but we use "Nazi" instead? Reference to the German State of 1939-1945 is implicitly a reference to the Nazi party. So it is natural to use the word Nazi in order to make a justifiably clear ...


15

Yes, they were able to deny the Holocaust. First every party was asked before the trial if they consider themselves guilty or innocent and everyone declared himself innocent. Julius Streicher, who were responsible for the Stürmer, a propaganda pamphlet, said first that he did not knew that Jews were killed and when the prosecutor was able to prove that he ...


11

I suspect this is more a cause of change than anything else. When we speak today of activities involving Russia in the 20th century we speak of Soviet Russia, or Bolshevist Russia. Similarly one may speak of imperial England. The word Nazi characterizes Germany of the last 1930's and 1940's because the party dominated the political landscape and many ...


10

#tl;dr Until 1947 it was dry cookie time. Until 1950 they were barred from being public servants, if in tier 1 and 2 category of "being nazi". After 1951 they got all the love for being loyal Germans, American allies and trustworthy anti-communists. The shadow of the past only befell few individuals, who after some kind of fall from grace were ...


9

There is a small conflation in the original question, the other important fact to remember is that a great deal of evidence was provided by the US Army in the form of affadavits and film footage. Some of this can be found on YouTube. The originals are held by the National Archives. At the time of the Nuremburg trials a fully informed count of how many ...


8

This answer was posted in response to the original question: I am seeking information on the locating and detaining of suspected Nazi war criminals and SS officials near and shortly after the end of WWII in Europe. Specifically, was there an organized or coordinated effort charged with this task similar to the effort to locate and return stolen art by the ...


6

It started around Teheran Conference, after the knowledge of german war crimes in territories liberated by the Soviet Union. Since only war criminals should be put on trial, they started to make the distinction between criminals and the rest of the population. Later on criminals started to be associated to nazis. By Yalta Conference, the declaration used ...


5

Here is what Rudolf Höss had to say about this in his Death Dealer: The memoirs of the SS Kommandant at Auschwitz (Da Capo Press, 1996): Compared to where I had been before, imprisonment with the IMT [International Military Tribunal] was like staying in a health spa. […] Even though the prison conditions were good in every aspect and I now had time to read ...


4

In answer to the question "Were the defendants at the Nuremberg Trials allowed to deny the Holocaust" there is the obvious answer: Yes, the individual plaintiffs could claim anything they wished; but as this was a military tribunal, the conventional protections offered by most modern civilian governments were largely absent. In terms of the rules by which ...


3

To add to the answer by David Lovering, see “Ach die schöne Zeiten” (ISBN: 978-3-10-039304-3), containing letters sent from the staff at the camps to their families. They were proud of themselves and boasted about the amount of humans they'd “gotten rid of”. As servaes points out; they killed 17+ million homosexuals, foreigners, communists, conservatives, ...


2

Yes Per This article, it appears to have happened at least once. The article is about disobeying unlawful orders in general, but this particular section seems to best answer your question. The defense of superior orders in cases of reprisal attacks is so weak that it is hardly ever attempted. In the spring of 2008, soldiers of Alpha Co, 1-18th Infantry ...


1

There is a conflict between Public History and scholarly historiography here. Public History in the West (“brainwashed boys”) and East (“Hitlerite fascists”) sought to create the myth of the Good German. This allowed imperialist states to claim that their Germans or their Germany was a normal state filled with normal people. And by contrast not the ...


1

Judicial Notice means that the court acknowledged certain matters sufficiently proven to be factual, therefore by taking "judicial notice" of the Holocaust the court determined that there was more than ample proof that the Holocaust did, in fact, occur and was therefore not subject to a need for further proof. In other words, it considered that there was ...


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