63 votes
Accepted

Is there a reason why Turkey took the Balkan territories of the Ottoman Empire, instead of Greece or another of the Balkan states?

The borders of Turkey were established first by the Treaty of Sevres and then by the Treaty of Lausanne. Turkey lost as a party of WWI, and the negotiations followed. Turkey did not accept the first ...
Alex's user avatar
  • 38.9k
60 votes

Why did the Ottomans not change their capital to an Arab city?

The Ottoman Empire was not an Arabian empire, but a Turkish one. So they had no reason to uproot their capital from Turkish lands and move it to an Arabian region. In addition, Constantinople ...
SPavel's user avatar
  • 9,838
36 votes
Accepted

Why is it called the "Ottoman" Empire in English language?

The explanation seems to be related to the attempted spelling of the Arabic for Osman, which came out as utman or Uthman. From wiktionary.org From Middle French Ottoman, from post-classical Latin ...
justCal's user avatar
  • 39.1k
35 votes
Accepted

Did the Ottoman empire suppress the printing press?

There is some truth in it, but the printing press adoption delay was only a late symptom of an attitude that began much earlier. In short is was more of contempt for the culture and aesthetics of ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 80.9k
32 votes

Why did the Ottomans not change their capital to an Arab city?

Location: it is a strategic point, the central point for which Black Sea trade must pass. If you are under siege and you have a fleet, you can get supplied indefinitely; if the enemy assaults the ...
SJuan76's user avatar
  • 12.4k
28 votes

Is today's Old City of Jerusalem the Jerusalem of the Crusades' period?

Yes. Quite closely resembling: See that structure in the South-East? The temple mount? That's were the Knights Templar took their name from. This is almost a fixed point in time. ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 80.9k
25 votes
Accepted

Who is in this c.1866 photo?

It looks to be a photograph of Abdül Aziz, the 32nd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. He reigned between 25 June 1861 and 30 May 1876, which fits with the 1866 date. Here is a similar photograph by an ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
  • 77.6k
21 votes

Why did the Ottomans not change their capital to an Arab city?

Two more factors: The Ottoman Turks considered themselves to be the successors of the Roman Empire. Before they captured Constantinople, their territory was known as the Sultanate of Rum. After ...
Jeffrey Painter's user avatar
20 votes

Why did nationalism in all of Europe surge in the 19th century?

Who protects your daily security? Who does your loyalty belong to? Initially (in the middle ages), the answer was your local nobleman, and, through him, via the duke and/or kind, to the Holy Roman ...
sds's user avatar
  • 27k
18 votes

Did the Ottoman government rationalize the Armenian Genocide and other instances of ethnic cleansing as a response to Russian expansion?

This question can be very much opinable, but I want to address some points: Did the architects of the Armenian Genocide during World War I plan their actions in part as a reciprocal population ...
SJuan76's user avatar
  • 12.4k
17 votes
Accepted

When was the Ottoman mosque within the Parthenon demolished?

There were actually two mosques built within the Parthenon, the first was mostly destroyed when the explosion took place in 1687. The second mosque, which you are referring to is discussed in The ...
justCal's user avatar
  • 39.1k
16 votes

Does the Ottoman Empire count as a colonial power?

Colonialism in its strict and historic sense means the practice of settling a large number of colonists in subject countries, as did the British in North America, Ireland, Southern Africa, Australia, ...
fdb's user avatar
  • 9,784
14 votes
Accepted

Why did Ottoman Army use camels in the Siege of Vienna 1683?

SHORT ANSWER The Ottomans used camels because they have several advantages over horses. Among other things, they can carry more than horses and adapt well to a variety of climates (even cold ones) ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
13 votes

Was it not clear to the WWI allies that they were over-reaching with the treaty of Sevres?

You are correct, the Turkish National Movement heavily resisted treaty of Sevres which culminated in the Turkish War of independence...the treaty didn't last long. Isn't it obvious that that treaty ...
Twelfth's user avatar
  • 2,722
12 votes

What does it mean: "French was a lingua franca in the Ottoman caliphal court?"

A small edit to put this answer into a broader perspective. In a broader perspective, French acquired the status of lingua franca amongst the European powers in the areas of commerce, science and ...
Nelewout's user avatar
  • 221
12 votes

Which submarine was invented first?

The first submarine was developed by Cornelis Drebbel, a Dutchman, in 1620. The first submarine that went into action was the Turtle, developed by David Bushnell in 1776. It went in action, but never ...
Jos's user avatar
  • 21.9k
12 votes

Is there a reason why Turkey took the Balkan territories of the Ottoman Empire, instead of Greece or another of the Balkan states?

Let's look at the map in 1913: (click for large) Detail view 1913: Omniatlas: Europe 1913: Aftermath of the Balkan Wars "Greece according to the Treaty of Sèvres", in Wikipedia: ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 80.9k
12 votes
Accepted

Was there a bribery attempt by the UK to get the Ottomans to switch sides in World War I?

Short answer Yes, there was an attempt to bribe the Ottomans but it was an attempt to keep them out of the war, rather than to change sides. During WWI, the British offered, or considered offering, ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
12 votes
Accepted

What was the status of Shia Muslims in the Ottoman empire?

This is very complicated for several reasons: (1) the time period is long, (2) regional / local factors and (to varying degrees) perceived external and internal threats meant changing policies, and (3)...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
11 votes

Was Napoleon's General Joachim Murat of Turkish descent?

A valid premise for research might be that simply "Murat" is looking and perhaps even sounding like a word or name of Turkish/Arabic origin, therefore Joachim Murat may have a family name of similar ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 80.9k
11 votes

Does the Ottoman Empire count as a colonial power?

The Ottoman Empire, like China, did not fit the "classic" definition of colonial power. The European countries are considered "colonists" because they colonized or settled lands far from their ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 104k
11 votes
Accepted

Why was the Ottoman flag changed from an eight-pointed star to five-pointed in the 19th century?

Some preliminary breadcrumbs: There appears to be some mystery around how English Wikipedia can be so certain about the unreferenced assertion. It seems rather certain that the five-pointed star was ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 80.9k
10 votes
Accepted

Was Napoleon's General Joachim Murat of Turkish descent?

Here is an ancester chart for Joachim Murat's son Lucien from wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucien_Murat#Ancestry1 All Joachim Murat's ancestors up to Pierre Murat seem to have married ...
MAGolding's user avatar
  • 19.3k
10 votes

Did teenage Sultan Osman II use people as targets?

SHORT ANSWER It's impossible to be certain but none of the sources which mention this story cite a source. Further, there are inaccuracies in some of the other information they give on Osman II. Also,...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
10 votes
Accepted

What would the Wikipedia page for Spain have said in 1490?

First, there would have been no Wikipedia page for Spain, because: The internet and the Wikipedia wouldn't be exist for 5 centuries, and There was no "Spain"; there were Castilla, Aragón and Navarra (...
SJuan76's user avatar
  • 12.4k
10 votes
Accepted

Who or what were the Nassadista?

I started on this as it looked like a pleasant naval mystery. I'm providing a Summary Answer above, and below my method for reaching that conclusion as well as other relevant information. A lot of my ...
gktscrk's user avatar
  • 10.8k
9 votes
Accepted

How stable was the Middle East under Ottoman rule?

There were three main periods in the Ottoman Empire. The first was known for internal, but not external stability; the second was known for both external and internal stability; and the last was known ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 104k
9 votes
Accepted

Was there relative peace in the Middle East before the end of the Great War?

I suppose it depends on what you mean by "peace". If you mean armies engaging in stand-up fights, there hadn't been one of those since the end of the Egypt-Ottoman war in the early 1830's. There had ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
  • 119k
9 votes

Does the Ottoman Empire count as a colonial power?

The French and British rule of their areas is generally called colonial rule, the Ottoman rule isn't. Actually, that's not quite right. You can see the Ottomans listed here at the side of other "well ...
Denis de Bernardy's user avatar

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