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There is some truth in it, but the printing press adoption delay was only a late symptom of an attitude that began much earlier. In short is was more of contempt for the culture and aesthetics of print and the demand for censorship than an outright real, complete ban. The first book in Arabic was published in an Italian town named Fano in 1514. During ...


11

Short answer Yes, there was an attempt to bribe the Ottomans but it was an attempt to keep them out of the war, rather than to change sides. During WWI, the British offered, or considered offering, a number of bribes or inducements not only to the Ottomans / Turkey but also to Greece. The offer of (British) £4,000,000 to the Ottomans was not for them to ...


7

I started on this as it looked like a pleasant naval mystery. I'm providing a Summary Answer above, and below my method for reaching that conclusion as well as other relevant information. A lot of my final version for this answer derives from a serendipitous find of a KuK Kriegsmarine document without which it would have been impossible to include this ...


4

The question is quite complex to google. Per the comment I dropped, the edit that added the detail seemed somewhat suspicious at first glance due to the lack of citations. After digging a bit deeper though, I found a few other corroborating sources, including a few in Google scholar, and a book by Bruno Mugnai and Alberto Secco (La guerra di Candia 1645-69, ...


3

The Maronites sharing power with two more parts of state instead of just the Druzes might seem strange. But before, in the 19th century, the situation largely favoured the Druzes, especially in the so called mixed areas of the two qaim-mayqamam. The Druzes and Maronites also didn't share power as much as they were forced to cooperate by the Ottomans and told ...


3

the Fall of Constantinople was the most important event that ultimately led to the Age of Exploration, mainly the discovery of the New World by Columbus and of the sea route to India by Vasco da Gama. Maybe ... Maybe not ... Let's see ... On one hand, the European Age of Discovery had already begun over three decades before the aforementioned event even ...


2

Grace Ellison was a British journalist who interviewed Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in person. She described one interview in her 1928 book Turkey To-day. This interview would be quoted by Andrew Mango in his 2011 biography titled 'Atatürk' to illustrate Atatürk's secular and rationalist credentials. Of particular relevance here are her questions about the ...


1

It seems based on the text from Helen Vella Bonavita book Key to Christendom and George Cassar, a professor in Malta, book Defending a Mediterranean island that the Spanish were not necessarily intending to retake the island, but hoping to defend it. Context The Knights Hospitaller at the time existed on Malta only because of a land grant by the Spanish ...


1

The Mimar (architect) Sinan was born to a Christian family: The son of Greek or Armenian Christian parents, Sinan entered his father’s trade as a stone mason and carpenter. In 1512, however, he was drafted into the Janissary corps. Sinan, whose Christian name was Joseph, converted to Islam, and he began a lifelong service to the Ottoman royal house and to ...


1

A colonial relationship is defined by exploitation of one territory (the "colony") by another (the "metropole"). This can involve settlement by citizens of the metropole in the colony at the expense of the colony's native population, but it is not required. More often the aim is to extract cheap labour and raw materials from the colony and to use the ...


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