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43 votes

Did all the the -stan sovereign state names appear synchronously?

The Persian suffix stān is much older than any of the “stans” in modern Central Asia. It goes back to proto-Indo-Iranian as represented by Sanskrit sthāna- “standing place” (already in the Rigveda) ...
fdb's user avatar
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24 votes

Did all the the -stan sovereign state names appear synchronously?

No, the terms are not all contemporary. Afghanistan is recorded in the 13th century; some of the others appear to date to the 20th century. Pakistan is 1933, the others probably date from either the ...
MCW's user avatar
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15 votes
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Why didn't Afghanistan accede to Pakistan in 1947?

Because Afghanistan had already been a fully independent country for 30 years, the population of which was no more interested in the being subject to the hegemony of Choudhary Rahmat Ali's Punjabi ...
Pieter Geerkens's user avatar
12 votes

Why didn't Delhi became part of Pakistan?

Because Delhi was deep within majority Hindu territory. As @MarkC.Wallace pointed out, the partition of India was made along religious lines. Here is a map of pre-partition India by religious ...
Semaphore's user avatar
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12 votes

Did all the the -stan sovereign state names appear synchronously?

One additional thing to add to the excellent answers already given is that -stan is actually used productively in Persian for other words as well, such as bimarestan (بیمارستان) for “hospital” — ...
adam.baker's user avatar
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9 votes

What factors explain Indian territorial restraint towards Pakistani occupied Kashmir despite military success against Pakistan?

The question, whatever objections are made to its phrasing, boils down to: India won 3 wars easily and hasn't pushed its advantage to take over Pakistani Kashmir. Why? This is highly speculative, ...
Italian Philosophers 4 Monica's user avatar
8 votes
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Why did India use Soviet military hardware during the Cold War?

If I remember correctly, Nehru had several communist sympathies -- or at least, was very tied into and involved with the Soviet Union. Also the U.S. had, in the post-Nixon era, greater ties with China,...
Αδριανός's user avatar
8 votes
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Is there an historical example for the possibility of peaceful resolution of Kashmir conflict?

The Counter Reformation in Europe culminated in the murderous, no-holds-barred, Thirty Years War. That war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648, and ushered in a period of ...
Pieter Geerkens's user avatar
8 votes
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Why did India release all Pakistani Soldiers captured during Indo Pak War 1965

That was because of the Peace treaty which was signed between the two nations, moderated by Soviet Union. Following were the figures for losses of both nations: India: 3000 men killed or captured ...
NSNoob's user avatar
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7 votes
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Are there primary sources about Jinnah's vision for Pakistan?

A full transcript of Muhammad Ali Jinnah's August 11, 1947 speech can be found on the website of an instructor at Columbia University here. In the speech, he makes at least two statements that seem to ...
Robert Columbia's user avatar
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7 votes

What did the CIA think about the partition of Pakistan in 1971?

First of all, CIA is a part of the executive branch of the US government, and is subordinate to the US president. It's meaningless to speak of "CIA's intention," you should really be asking ...
Moishe Kohan's user avatar
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7 votes
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Why did Pakistan choose Islamabad as its capital?

Although the Final Report of the Special Commission has never been made public, Sarshar (2017) and Hull (2012) highlight a variety of reasons that were discussed at the time, which were as political ...
Brian Z's user avatar
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6 votes
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Why did British Gen. Frank Messervy oppose the invasion of Kashmir?

In October 1947, the armed forces of India and Pakistan remained largely under the command of British officers. General Messervy served as Commander-in-Chief of the Pakistan Army, but was answerable ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
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6 votes
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Did any Muslim empire/kingdom have its capital in modern Pakistan except Lahore?

Thatta was the capital for multiple dynasties, including the Muslim Soomra which ruled Sindh from there continuously in 1026–1356.
Brian Z's user avatar
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5 votes

Do Pashtuns belong to Greek heritage?

At least two wiki pages cover your question: Theories of Pashtun origin Pashtuns, section History and origins The first of these mentions the Greco-Bactrian origin among other legends, and concludes:...
Denis de Bernardy's user avatar
5 votes

What made India pull out troops and return the captured territory at the end of 1971 Indo-Pak war?

Background In 1970, the Awami League, the largest East Pakistani political party, led by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, won a landslide victory in the national elections. The party won 167 of the 169 seats ...
Tiger Knight's user avatar
5 votes

Did the US and Soviet navies really come close to blows in the Indian Ocean in 1971?

As a former crewman of the USS White Plains, I can attest that the Russians subs would have had a hard time blocking and surrounding anybody, because before we caught up with the Enterprise Task Force,...
Ken Kahre's user avatar
4 votes

Why did India use Soviet military hardware during the Cold War?

Two of India's enemies, China and Pakistan were allied, beginning with the Chinese invasion of the Kashmir in 1962. Later, beginning in the 1970s, the U.S. "tilted" toward China. A Soviet Union-...
Tom Au's user avatar
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4 votes

Why didn't the Pakistani military try to gain Kashmir from India in 1971 instead of launching an offensive in Rajesthan?

Background The main thrust of the Indian Army during the 1971 war was directed towards the eastern theatre, with the western sector envisaged as a holding operation to prevent the Pakistan Army from ...
Chakravarthy Kalyan's user avatar
4 votes

What factors explain Indian territorial restraint towards Pakistani occupied Kashmir despite military success against Pakistan?

Based on news reporting on India/China of the last decades, India has taken great care in avoiding a conflict with China. There have been many border conficts between them in the last decades on ...
Mark Johnson's user avatar
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4 votes

Do Pashtuns belong to Greek heritage?

The historical origin of the Pashtun is a complex and answered question. Thiis idea of a link to Alexander looks like a made-up theory to me, although a distant Greek link is not impossible as one ...
Brian Z's user avatar
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3 votes
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Are there any details available on 1954 Afghan proposal for a merger with Pakistan?

I have found the details in Soviet-Pakistan Relations and Post-Soviet Dynamics, 1947–92 by Hafeez Malik. The following is all from the above cited book. It started in ‘56 when a meeting was called ...
NSNoob's user avatar
  • 8,175
3 votes

Did Afghanistan make war with Alexander the Great?

In Alexander the Great's time the region of Afghanistan was known as Bactria. Alexander overran this region but had trouble managing it. Nominal ownership remained that of the successors of ...
Smith's user avatar
  • 2,091
3 votes

What made India pull out troops and return the captured territory at the end of 1971 Indo-Pak war?

There were three primary objectives of the 1971 war: Liberate Bangladesh and rid them of the oppressive West Pakistani army. Repatriate the Bengali refugees holed up in refugee camps back to their ...
srini's user avatar
  • 232
3 votes

What made India pull out troops and return the captured territory at the end of 1971 Indo-Pak war?

India had obtained her main war objective: to weaken Pakistan. This occurred mainly through the independence of Bangladesh, although the humiliation of the Pakistani army certainly didn't hurt. (West)...
Tom Au's user avatar
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