16 votes
Accepted

Is there an accepted explanation for multiple independent "cradles of civilization"?

I also believe the answer is "no". It sure is tempting to put forth one's own theories here, but I'm unaware of any one that is generally accepted. I will point out one thing though: That chart you ...
  • 111k
11 votes

Did humans hunt with dogs before planting crops for food?

Yes, current archaeological evidence does suggest that humans were hunting with dogs in the Palaeolithic period, well before they developed agriculture. There is now good evidence from both ...
  • 76.4k
10 votes

Why have we settled while foragers used to be healthier instead?

Who are "we" in your question? Organization of society is not a result of some collective, democratic decision. Farming societies are stronger for two reasons: a) they allow a greater ...
  • 37.5k
8 votes

Roughly how many people were in a Magdalenian group? (And Gravettian?)

Actually, the truth is that - in absolute terms - we don't know the size of the groups. All that we are able to say is that the material culture of a particular group - as revealed by archaeology - ...
  • 76.4k
8 votes
Accepted

Why have we settled while foragers used to be healthier instead?

Read the book Guns, Germs and Steel from Jared Diamond. He writes in 480 pages what I try to surmise in a few lines. The trick is quantity over quality. A farmer has an (almost) guaranteed source of ...
  • 17.9k
5 votes

Why have we settled while foragers used to be healthier instead?

Peter Kropotkin’s now outdated but classic Mutual aid: a factor in human evolution discusses goods and population densities versus property forms and hierarchalisation. For the historical materialist ...
5 votes
Accepted

When were domesticated animals tethered on a pole with a rope?

Archaeologists may well have discovered very old signs of roped animals, but I do not think history is capable of pinpointing the exact moment it began. For one thing, the Stone Age is not exactly ...
  • 96.3k
4 votes
Accepted

How did first humans build tools?

Our closest genetic relative, the chimpanzees, have been observed to fashion themselves tools. That link even has a video showing one doing it, if you are interested in the process. So most likely ...
  • 111k
2 votes
Accepted

Roughly how many people were in a Magdalenian group? (And Gravettian?)

I found a clue about the Mezhirich culture that lived globally at the same time (18,000-14,000 ago) than the Magdalenian (17,000 - 12,000 ago). On a promontory overlooking Ukraine’s Rosava River, ...
  • 455
2 votes

Did Palaeolithic humans live longer than early Neolithic farmers?

You can read the original paper here: Older age becomes common late in human evolution. Note the author's first conclusion is that their results indicate: a trend of increased survivorship of ...
  • 76.4k

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