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48

They were not regular construction, but exhibits for the Exposition Universelle (1900), showing different cultures side by side: Each country funded, designed and on occasion constructed their pavilions, carrying the burden of some of the cost of the fair and the also the glory that followed in the praise of their homeland contributions. They were ...


20

Acknowledgement: this answer owes a debt to some of the comments posted under the question and under this answer, especially Kimchilover. There is conclusive evidence that all three images are from after the 1789 revolution and strong evidence that at least one was made no later than 1834. However, there appears to be conflicting evidence on a more precise ...


16

On June 5th, 1940, the Wehrmacht launched Fall Rot, the second stage of the invasion of France. The French front was rapidly breached along the Somme and the German armies reached the Seine at Rouen on June 9th (from which one only has to follow the Seine to the south-east to enter Paris). The French government fled Paris, first to Tours, then Bordeaux. ...


11

The association with saints is probably correct. Red and blue were indeed respectively the colours of Saint Denis and Saint Martin. The early history of the French flag is lost in obscurity, and it is not always easy to trace the various modifications that it has undergone. At the earliest date of which we have record we find the kings of the Franks ...


7

OK. Let's be sticklish. Q Had the French in Paris started to learn German before their liberation in 1944? Yes. Before 1944. The French 'started' teaching German in their own schools looong ago. Before 1914 German language education was more popular than English. After that war, popularity declined somewhat, with English replacing German at top spot. But ...


5

Olivier Bernier's biography 'Louis XIV' says, based on Mme de Motteville's account (II, 286): "Having seen the Queen in her bed, we went off home ... As soon as we had left, the gates of the Palais Royal were closed with the command to not open them again. The Queen got up again to think about her situation and confided her secret only to her First ...


5

Your question was helpful for my own research on Lee Miller. Nimet Eloui born Khairy was alive in 1935. After divorcing Aziz Eloui (who married Lee Miller) she eventually married a Russian prince, Nikolay Mestchersky (spelling varies). She died on 4 August 1942 and is buried in the Russian Orthodox cemetery of Sainte-Genevieve-des-Bois about 40km south of ...


5

The anti-work current in libertarian socialism is based on a conception of work as human activity controlled by others. Basically, the marxist analysis of wage slavery is that the wage slave sells the right to control their labour power to a boss, and during that period is alienated from their own capacities by this social relationship. Management has the ...


4

Under the Ancien Régime, the judiciary of France was divided into several local bodies known as parlements. Despite the similarity of their names to the modern parliamentary institution, the Ancien Régime parlement were quite different. They formed a powerful component of the French judicial system, serving as the highest courts of appeals for their region. ...


3

Based on some of the numbers given in quotes of @LаngLаngС answer: Yes, about one half percent (0.5%) more French were learning German in 1942 Population Paris (city proper) 1936: 2,829,746 Population France 1931, 1946, 1950: 41,524,000, 40,125,230, 41,647,258 The Berlitz language school increased its enrollments from 939 adult students of German ...


3

I'm no historian, so I'm afraid that all I have to offer is based on anecdotal evidence rather than comprehensive research. In a 1835 book of legal advice to renters and homeowners (F. Locquin, Petit Code des locataires et des locataires et des propriétaires. Paris, 1835.), there are references to moving days (“Des époques de l'emménagement”, p. 48ff.). ...


2

Just like the curtain in the temple when Jesus died? English Wikipedia has a shady reference, Italian Wikipedia a [citation needed] attached to this tidbit. The other languages pages of Wikipedia never mention this, not even the French! Not for the Arc de Triomphe, not for "The Departure of the Volunteers 1792"/"Le Marseillaise", not for the sculptor Rude. ...


2

Scholarship on Raphael's works is continually advancing. Many "lost" works by Rafael have been rediscovered in recent years. Some of his previous works have been reattributed to others. It is important to include these changes in one's research by using modern reference materials. One potential source would be a catalogue raisonnee of the artist's work, such ...


2

In the Life of St. Genevieve which was first published in the 16th century it says the following: Les Romains, jusqu'à ce jour, avaient entretenu dans la ville une flotte, pour s'opposer aux incursions des barbares. Avec cette flotte,il était encore facile de faire par eau une expédition, cette voie n'ayant point été fermée par l'ennemi. Geneviève s'...


2

Everyone should eventually realize that some people are different in some ways from them. Nobody has desires totally identical to those of every other human or totally identical to those of any one specific person. One thing that big cities have that the countryside doesn't have is sidewalks. Sidewalks stretching for miles in every direction, and maybe ...


1

It looks like there was a bit of a brouhaha owing to the treaty having a ratification deadline, but it being an unusually bad winter that made it difficult for states to get their representatives there within the deadline. "There" being Annapolis Maryland, where the Continental Congress was meeting at the time. This was a big problem, not just a ...


1

Short Answer: The words in the documents quoted can be interpreted in two different ways, and the correct interpretation is probably different from the one in the question. Also, what could be called the "Second American Revolution" happened after those documents and before the Civil War, and revolutionized the governmental structure of the USA. Long ...


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