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46 votes
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Would the USSR have invaded Poland in WW2 if the Germans had not crossed into previously-agreed Soviet sphere of influence?

Short answer: The Soviets had already invaded - at German request - by the time this exchange could even have happened German troop movements in "Soviet Poland" cannot be considered the ...
SPavel's user avatar
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34 votes
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What concessions did Hitler demand from the Poles before 1939?

As of 24 October 1938 the demands were annexation of Free City of Danzig by Germany and extraterritorial roadway+railway from East Prussia to mainland Germany through the Polish Corridor (so a "...
kubanczyk's user avatar
  • 6,163
32 votes

Identifying this uniform, possibly German or Polish

Bunzlau is now in Poland and called Bolesławiec. Back then it was in Silesia, thus Prussia and therefore in Germany. The photographer is given as "Otto Scholz", a German, not a Polish name, ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
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29 votes
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What is the name and meaning of a World War 2 CCC Medal with both the Polish Eagle and British Statant Gardant Lion?

This would appear to be the badge of the No. 300 Polish Bomber Squadron which fought alongside the Royal Air Force and operated from airfields in the United Kingdom. Above: Badge with colour. ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
26 votes
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Any information about the photo with Army Uniforms

These are Polish Army Uniforms, starting around 1919. Unfortunately the main wiki pages show no Uniforms of the times. To my knowledge, these types of zig-zag collars (Polish only, but translates ...
Mark Johnson's user avatar
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25 votes
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Where can I find information on a Polish castle dismantled by Sweden?

This story almost certainly relates to the invasion of Poland (1655-60) by the Swedes and their allies during the reign of the Swedish king Charles X, but it has been considerably embellished in that ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
25 votes

Why would this word have been an unsuitable name in Communist Poland? Is it because it's a racial slur?

As a Pole, I'm confused by all the comments trying to find a racial angle here. I don't recognize either the original name "Samba" or its translation "Sambo" as a racist slur, and ...
Pkkm's user avatar
  • 350
24 votes
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What does this acronym and the symbol in the middle represent?

The symbol, though defaced, is probably the symbol of the Hitlerjugend. Click the link to see the actual image, I don't want to post it here, since it would be a legal grey area for me to do so for ...
nvoigt's user avatar
  • 4,609
24 votes
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Was there a battle at "Wodziki" in October 1914?

I found Count Posadowsky-Wehner right away in an initial Google search, in a Who is Who style work from the 1920s: Hermann A. L. Degener (ed.), Wer ist's. VIII. Ausgabe. Leipzig: H. A. Ludwig Degener ...
njuffa's user avatar
  • 2,526
21 votes

Why would this word have been an unsuitable name in Communist Poland? Is it because it's a racial slur?

In the original, Polish version, the dog's name is "Samba", not "Sambo" Samba is a lively dance of Afro-Brazilian origin in 2/4(2 by 4) time danced to samba music. The term "...
Yasskier's user avatar
  • 3,420
19 votes
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What plane would have been used to airdrop someone into occupied Europe?

The earliest air drops of aid to Poland were made in February 1941 using Whitley bombers. To the best of my knowledge, none of these drops involved parachuting agents into Poland. By 1943, Halifax ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
  • 77.3k
19 votes
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Did Augustus the Strong sleep with his own daughter?

No. there is no evidence to backup this claim. Like it says on Wikipedia: The Countess frequently appeared in men's clothing and even in military uniform. Some sources alleged that August the Strong ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 80.8k
18 votes

Why was Poland subject to much harsher Russification than Finland was?

While the integration of these territories into the Russian Empire took place at the same time, they were subject to wholly different methods of integration, one a conquest but a conquest which wasn't ...
gktscrk's user avatar
  • 10.8k
18 votes
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Do we know the names of the German soldiers entombed at Babie Doły?

There is another (fictional!) movie about the affair: Nasser Asphalt (Wet asphalt, 1958). Emphasis mine: ... and Boyd, after listening to a tale from his chauffeur Jupp (Gert Fröbe), in the last ...
Jan's user avatar
  • 9,187
17 votes
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Why did China decide to support Poland in 1956, but not Hungary?

Interpretations are called for here — and these are necessarily opinionated to a degree. From a recent Polish perspective, it might seem rather simple – and one-sided: There are strong indications ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 80.8k
16 votes

Why did Hitler treat the Slavs inconsistently?

Hitler's racial policy was based not on anything to do with biology, but rather on who he wanted to be friends with in foreign policy. Semaphore♦ 9 hours ago ...he didn't actually have policies. He ...
Schwern's user avatar
  • 55.1k
16 votes

During the time of the German Empire, were Polish or Jewish people permitted to join the Social Democratic Party?

Rosa Luxemburg was a fairly prominent SPD member before WWI. She was from a Jewish family in Poland. This SPD-affiliated page says that in 1914, the SPD had 12 Jewish Reichstag members (out of a total ...
Jan's user avatar
  • 9,187
15 votes

Did the Red Army and German Army clash in Poland in 1939?

This does not appear to be true. There's no mention of it in Weinberg's A World at Arms, which is about the best one-volume history of WWII. The German multi-volume history Germany and the Second ...
John Dallman's user avatar
  • 31.5k
13 votes

What concessions did Hitler demand from the Poles before 1939?

There is an explanation for a second question: Why Poland thought it would threaten their independence? As foreign minister Józef Beck said 5 may 1939: „My w Polsce nie znamy pojęcia pokoju za ...
charlie_pl's user avatar
13 votes

Help with identifying my great-grandfather's pre-WWI Cossack uniform

Cossack was not just a regiment one can get drafted into, it was something hereditary and traditional. The cossacks lived in specific areas (Don, Kuban river basins, Siberia, etc), had their own ...
Andrey Ch's user avatar
  • 131
13 votes
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When in September 1939 did the British diplomatic mission leave Warsaw?

The ambassador most likely left Poland for Romania by about noon on Sept. 17, 1939, within a few hours of the Soviet invasion that morning, having already left Warsaw for Kuty in preparation for just ...
Pieter Geerkens's user avatar
13 votes

Why weren’t resettled Germans compensated for their confiscated land in Prussian Pomerania after WWII?

Wars often cause so much destruction that compensation is not economically feasible. It was tried after WWI, but the idea was eventually all but dropped after it appeared that Germany could just not ...
Jan's user avatar
  • 9,187
12 votes
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Did Poland help Germany take Czechoslavakia before Germany invaded Poland?

You are conflating a bunch of different things. The creation of Poland and Czechoslovakia Poland was not a result of Germany's defeat in the Great War. When Russia signed the humiliating Treaty of ...
SPavel's user avatar
  • 11.2k
12 votes
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What was the border regime between Poland and Czechoslovakia like during the 1970s and 1980s?

For the countries of the former Warsaw Pact borders were normally restricted to permitted traffic. Borders themselves were patrolled and places where one could cross it were limited. Mind you that ...
AcePL's user avatar
  • 960
10 votes

Did Britain bill Poland for maintaining Polish Air Force that fought over Britain?

It appears this war debt was partially voided. The Government of The United Kingdom will make no claim for replayment of the Ł 73 million sterling, in respect of amounts spent on war material, ...
Wojtek Kruszewski's user avatar
10 votes
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Why was Polish king Sigismund II Augustus' coronation held when his father Sigismund I was still alive?

The practice of a king having his son crowned during his lifetime was not uncommon; two well-known examples are Henry the Young King, son of Henry II of England, and Philip II Augustus, son of Louis ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
9 votes

What is the actual Polish street name of the street in Martinau, now Rokitnica, of Strasse der SA?

In Beuthen there was a Straße der SA, that is now Bytom' ulica Żołnierza Polskiego (Street of the Polish soldier): Map The street was before that the Feldstrasse: Bytom, then Beuthen O.S., ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 80.8k
8 votes
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Cryptography used by Red Army in Polish-Bolshevik war

Soviet Union in that time? As a quick aside, we would know that the Soviet Union did not use any forms of encryption at this time as the Soviet Union did not exist yet. The ratification of the USSR ...
Anaryl's user avatar
  • 3,145
8 votes
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Why was Austria given the best chunk in the First Partition of Poland, even while protesting it?

It is important to understand why Maria Theresa protested Austrian involvement. It wasn't that she didn't want Austria to succeed over her neighbours, but rather in her mind it was immoral of them to ...
gktscrk's user avatar
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