32 votes
Accepted

Are there historical instances of the capital of a colonising country being temporarily or permanently shifted to one of its colonies?

You might count Free France from 1940–1944: Capital: Brazzaville (1940–1943) Algiers (1943–1944) Like Byzantium (that is Roman Empire capital becoming Constantinople), Trier ...
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  • 73.7k
20 votes

Are there historical instances of the capital of a colonising country being temporarily or permanently shifted to one of its colonies?

Taipei Kuomintang's Republic of China moved its capital from Chengdu (and originally, from Nanjing) to Taipei, Taiwan on 7 December 1949, after several defeats against Chinese Communists. Officially ...
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  • 5,479
17 votes
Accepted

What happened to those ethnic Greeks who converted to Islam during the Ottoman empire?

After the war between Greece and Turkey in the aftermath of WW I the two countries agreed on an exchange of minorities. But the question of who was “Greek” and who was “Turkish” was decided entirely ...
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  • 9,473
17 votes

What happened to those ethnic Greeks who converted to Islam during the Ottoman empire?

This or other similar questions are very much debated, and does not have a simple answer. One shall start by asking who is a Greek, and who is a Turk. Throughout the history, in the geography where ...
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  • 707
10 votes
Accepted

How was the Czech sudetenland repopulated by Czechs?

The Sudetenland was planned to be fully repopulated so that the farms and other businesses could continue as before the expulsion – and so that even the 1945 harvest would go as smoothly as in the ...
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  • 2,694
9 votes

Why were Muslims in Western Thrace and Christians in Constantinople excluded from the population exchange?

Not a full answer, but I expect it to be useful until a better one shows up. Most of Greeks expelled from Turkey weren't expelled after the exchange was accorded but they were already in Greece (...
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  • 3,306
9 votes

Have Germans expelled from Eastern Europe been re-enfranchised?

I think your question is misleading because disenfranchisement is the wrong category. With most nations having become EU members, residence is settled, and what remains to ask is the question of ...
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  • 16k
8 votes
Accepted

Why was religion used as the basis of Turkey-Greece population exchange instead of language, ethnicity, etc.?

Ataturk was not the architect of this exchange. The idea of protecting minorities in former Ottoman Empire came from the western Allies - according to the wiki article on the Lausanne Conference, ...
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8 votes

Are there historical instances of the capital of a colonising country being temporarily or permanently shifted to one of its colonies?

When Alexander attacked Tyre, which was the largest and most populous Phoenician city, large parts of the city were evacuated to Carthage. Carthage was most definitely a colony of Tyre, even if you ...
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  • 6,191
8 votes

Have Germans expelled from Eastern Europe been re-enfranchised?

Hungary was actually rather reluctant to expel its German population, starting only at the behest of the occupying Soviet forces and continuing only under pressure by the Allied Control Council. ...
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  • 2,460
8 votes
Accepted

How did communist authorities decide who is "German" and who is "Polish" when expelling Germans from recovered territories?

The answer is based on my talks with people of Polish origins in East Prussia and Upper Silesia and might not represent all the cases. I also do understand the answer does not cite any sources. Since ...
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  • 7,089
8 votes
Accepted

Why has Hatutu's population never returned to the island?

Most likely because there isn't any. Apparently, Hatutu was never settled in the first place. As @Fred pointed out, there appears to be no good reason to evacuate Hatutu, and my google search attempts ...
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  • 95.8k
7 votes

What happened to those ethnic Greeks who converted to Islam during the Ottoman empire?

They melted in with the local population. In Turkey there's no such notion of pure race. I'm from a village located within the Black Sea region of Turkey. We have bazaar which are in ruins today left ...
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  • 201
7 votes

Have Germans expelled from Eastern Europe been re-enfranchised?

In the case case of Czechoslovakia the citizenship of persons of the German or Hungarian nationality was lost based on the presidential decree no. 33/1945. The agricultural land was confiscated by ...
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6 votes

Are there historical instances of the capital of a colonising country being temporarily or permanently shifted to one of its colonies?

Babylon Cyrus the Great, King of the First Persian or Achaemenid Empire, conquered the Neo-Babylonian empire in 539 BC. Babylon became the administrative (and main) capital. Wikipedia (Achaemenid ...
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6 votes

What happened to Muslim spouses who converted to Christianity during the 1923 Graeco-Turkish population exchange?

Officially, If you were a Muslim in Greece, you could be exempt from compulsory deportation if you were: part of the ethnic Albanian community a resident of Thrace The Greek government had placed no ...
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  • 3,835
6 votes

How could Poles from Kresy be enough to repopulate entire regions of Poland?

It is worth noting that during the Second Polish Republic, Vilno and Lvov were the third and sixth largest cities in the country, with between 200,000-300,000 people. Gdańsk, Szczecin, and Wrocław had ...
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  • 103k
6 votes

What happened to those ethnic Greeks who converted to Islam during the Ottoman empire?

Although many of the Muslims in Greece were deported to Turkey, some ended up in other places. In Crete, most of the Muslims were Greeks who had converted. There was a massacre by Greek nationalists ...
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6 votes
Accepted

How many German expellees returned to the Hungarian People's Republic?

Exact numbers are not known but an estimate is given by historian Ágnes Tóth at around 10 000 ethnic Germans that returned to Hungary. How many really is an answer that has to be postponed, ...
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  • 73.7k
4 votes

What happened to those ethnic Greeks who converted to Islam during the Ottoman empire?

Hi Islam is not banned in Greece. Muslim Greeks are however discriminated against. Evidence of Islamic rule is very evident in Northern Greece. There are dozens of operating mosques on use in ...
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4 votes

How did communist authorities decide who is "German" and who is "Polish" when expelling Germans from recovered territories?

In most cases it was regional. Entire towns and provinces were expelled if they were German. When you are expelling hundreds of thousands of people at once, you don't have the time to be going person ...
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  • 37.2k
4 votes

Why did the expelled Sudeten Germans and Danube Germans go to Germany, as opposed to Austria?

This is what we are talking about: A B C D E F E: (Map of the Czech Republic present day borders with relative ethnic German inhabitants around 1930 marked in colour. Source: WP: ...
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  • 73.7k
2 votes

How was real estate from Germans expelled after WWII redistributed?

It happened in different countries and it was different, of course. In the Czech Republic there were four stages of gaining the former German estates. At start practically anyone could move in and ...
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  • 6,976
1 vote

Why did towns became ghost towns after the mines dried up?

You see that a fair amount in resource-based industries that are the primary source of income in a remote (i.e. far from big cities) area. If whatever resource (minerals, oil, trapping, timber) dries ...
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1 vote

Why has Hatutu's population never returned to the island?

Being the primary nesting site of a number of endangered species, such as, the Hatutu Marquesan warbler (Acrocephalus mendanae postremus) and the Marquesas ground dove (Gallicolumba rubescens), Hatutu ...
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  • 2,740
1 vote

Why and how were east Brandenburg, Pomerania and Silesia taken away from Germany after WW2?

Addition to the answers given so far: Since the Potsdam treaty (and other agreements between the "Big 3") was not signed by Germany itself, it was not a "real" peace treaty by international law. In ...
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