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62

Only two US presidents haven't self-described themselves as being Christians to date: Lincoln (whose case is murky) and Jefferson (who rejected the idea of the divinity of Jesus and became a deist later in life). [Edit: but see JMS's better answer, as it has more specific details and things appear murkier still.] If you scan through the linked list, you'll ...


60

Question: Has the United States ever had a non-Christian President? Short Answer: Roughly 18% - 25% of all American Presidents were "non- Christian". Or stated another way, arguable the United States did not have a Christian President until the eighth: President Martin Van Buren, who was Dutch reform. I say arguable because three ...


53

Quite a few candidates if: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_heads_of_regimes_who_were_later_imprisoned ... [sort by country] is anything to go by... Andalusia (technically an autonomous community in Spain) appears to have two former presidents sitting in jail since 2016. Argentina has a whopping 8 presidents that sat in jail, including 2 from 2007 ...


35

According to this article there have been three times when six presidents were alive at once. 1861 - Van Buren, Tyler, Fillmore, Pierce, Buchanan, Lincoln 1993 - Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan, Bush, Clinton 2001 - Ford, Carter, Reagan, Bush, Clinton, Bush jr With the inaguaration of Donald Trump, this has happened a fourth time: 2017 - Carter, Bush, Clinton,...


34

Peru has an interesting case of former presidents being incarcerated or in the eye of justice. Alberto Fujimori in right now in prison, for human right violations, 25 years of conviction. Ollanta Humala is in preventive reclusion, investigated for corruption. Alejandro Toledo, currently fugitive of justice for corruption as well. Case Oderbrecht (link ...


33

It actually happens fairly often. The last was in 2004, where a Minnesota elector (who would not own up to it) voted for Edwards (the VP candidate) instead of John Kerry. The assumption has been that this was done out of incompetence rather than malice. The cycle before that, the DC elector refused to vote, in protest to DC having no congressional ...


25

As noted in the comments, this depends on what you mean by "Starting a war". Technically speaking, a war requires a formal declaration by Congress (though specific forms are subject to debate). As such, the last one started by the USA was in WW2, with declarations in 1941 (Japan/Germany/Italy) and 1942 (Romania and other Axys countries); which makes the ...


25

Because FDR belonged to a school of thought that felt that the primary goal of US foreign policy should be to promote and defend US ideals abroad. I know the common narrative is to divide US foreign policy thought into two camps: Isolationist and Interventionist, but I've always found that an inadequate tool. Much better is Walter Russell Mead's four-way ...


23

In short: It was true until 2006. Now he can still run for president of France, but through the standard way : he can acquire French nationality through naturalization (like anyone) and run for president as a French citizen! More precisely : This article (Sorry, Bill Clinton. You can't be president of France or Ireland) explains deeply why : Clinton ...


22

The name is Waldo C. Moore. This page says that he was a check collector: Moore sent famous people a request for an autographed bank check for one cent that was accompanied by his signed one-cent bearer note drawn on The Peoples Banking Company, Lewisburg, Ohio. Moore sent this request to hundreds of celebrities and his appeal received a surprisingly ...


21

John Quincy Adams was elected to the House of Representatives in 1831. John Tyler served as a member of the Confederate States Congress - that may or may not qualify. Andrew Johnson was a US Senator in 1875 Grover Cleveland went on to be President after his term in office William Taft went on to be Supreme Court Justice (hat tip to @michaelF).


20

To build on T.E.D's excellent answer, it is important to understand the backdrop under which Wallace was nominated for Vice-President in 1940, and not nominated in 1944. The first thing to note, was that as late as the 1930s and 1940s, the Republican party was the "centrist" and "Establishment" (but pro-business party), while the Democrats were an unlikely ...


19

The "white plague" refers to tuberculosis. The incident, which captured the nation's imagination for one day, is described by this report from the Grizzly Bear Magazine, April 1914: 4000-MILE HIKE TO NATIONAL CAPITAL The Pacific Coast has done much to attract the attention of the world, but one of the most unique things that has been formulated ...


17

Diving a bit deeper into this, it looks like Wallace had three big strikes against him: He was a progressive liberal, at a time when a very large and influential part of the party (the Solid South) was very conservative. So was FDR of course, but as the holder of the White House they couldn't really attack him. He was a Theosophist (sort of the era's ...


17

South Korea right now has their last two presidents, Lee Myung-bak and Park Geun-hye in jail. Then again, almost all ex-presidents of South Korea end up either on trial or committing suicide...


12

FDR position was informed by his conviction that intervention was inevitable. In that critical month of May 1940, he [FDR] finally realized that it was probably a question of when, not if, the United States would be drawn into war. Talk about neutrality or noninvolvement was no longer seasonable as the unimaginable dangers he had barely glimpsed in 1936 ...


12

George Washington was _not the “first president of the United States”; he was the first president under the Constitution. Before Washington took office in 1789, the United States had sixteen “presidents”—the presidents of the Continental and Confederation Congresses. Of course, these men did not have the power and prestige of modern presidents; they were ...


11

My understanding, as confirmed by your intuition and this article in the New Yorker exploration into presidential biographies starting with John Eaton's 1817 work "Life of Jackson" was that it wasn't until 1824 that attitudes on running a presidential campaign substantially changed. From said article, The election of 1824 brought the first campaign ...


11

According to Google Books the book "Respectfully Quoted: A Dictionary of Quotations" edited by Suzy Platt says that this came from a letter to S Stanwood Menken in 1917 and was read by Roosevelt's sister to a national meeting that same year. Sounds legit.


11

This book, The Papers of Woodrow Wilson, vol 53 in a footnote on page 308 states that on Dec 3, the resolution (S Con Res. 26) was introduced by Senator Sherman to declare the office of President as vacant. So you have another source, with date and resolution number. All I find is a snippet view so can't give you much more.


11

It's the medal of the American Legion: According to the notes that accompany the picture on the AP website, the photograph was taken: ... after President Johnson's address to the national convention of the American Legion Tuesday afternoon,September 10, 1968. JBJ was famously a member of the American Legion, and was awarded the Legion’s Distinguished ...


10

IMHO this is pretty much a general reference question. Links for it abound. So I'll instead use the balance of my answer to warn you about the data. Basically, comparing unemployment numbers over that many years has lot of issues. First off, official BLS data only goes back to 1948. Any data you get from before that will be a bit like comparing apples to ...


10

Hashish was known in the West as early as 1596, when it was described by Jan Huyghen van Linschoten in a book describing his travels in Egypt and Turkey. But it wasn't until the 19th century that smoking cannabis became widely known in the West, through portrayals of oriental exoticism by writers such as Dumas. Hemp was grown in the British colonies ...


9

If your question is specifically about the candidate hitting the campaign trail and personally campaigning then the answer is the election of 1880. According to the Miller Center at the University of Virginia during the election of 1828 "neither candidate personally campaigned in 1828, but their political followers organized rallies, parades, and ...


9

The most obvious examples would be three members of the Founding Fathers who served in roles for the British government. George Washington served as both a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses which dealt directly with the royal appointed Governor of Virginia, and as a member of the British army. John Adams was briefly a member of the Massachusetts ...


9

There was no Chief Executive under the Articles Of Confederation because there was no executive. That was one of its major flaws that the US Constitution corrected. The Presidents of the Continental Congress were "presidents" in name only. They were appointed by Congress to act as a moderator, sort of like a modern Speaker of the House, but with just about ...


9

I think you are asking the wrong question. The legality of secession or not wasn't the driving reason why the Union went to war. Secession itself was the unacceptable lever which moved Abraham Lincoln to war. The legality is murky and inconclusive. Put to an impartial tribunal, the South had a pretty convincing argument. Lincoln did not care. What ...


8

As bizarre soul who actually blew some of his vacation in '88 on a Florida beach that summer watching the Rep convention coverage.. VP choices are generally all about compensating for the POTUS candidate's perceived weaknesses. Bush had been a moderate before his association with Reagan, which meant the conservative base of the Republican party was not all ...


8

Conrad Black describes the circumstances in Richard M. Nixon: A Life in Full as follows: The inevitable swarms of conspiracy theorists claim that [Alexander] Haig brokered a pardon for Nixon from Ford. Both Haig and Ford deny this and have done so in identical and strenuous terms for over thirty years at the time of writing ... Further, Nixon ...


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