64

Only two US presidents haven't self-described themselves as being Christians to date: Lincoln (whose case is murky) and Jefferson (who rejected the idea of the divinity of Jesus and became a deist later in life). [Edit: but see JMS's better answer, as it has more specific details and things appear murkier still.] If you scan through the linked list, you'll ...


53

Quite a few candidates if: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_heads_of_regimes_who_were_later_imprisoned ... [sort by country] is anything to go by... Andalusia (technically an autonomous community in Spain) appears to have two former presidents sitting in jail since 2016. Argentina has a whopping 8 presidents that sat in jail, including 2 from 2007 ...


41

According to this article, combined with recent events, there have been four times when six presidents were alive at once. March 4, 1861 to January 18, 1862: Van Buren, Tyler, Fillmore, Pierce, Buchanan, Lincoln January 20, 1993 to April 22, 1994: Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan, Bush, Clinton January 20, 2001 to June 5, 2004: Ford, Carter, Reagan, Bush, ...


34

Peru has an interesting case of former presidents being incarcerated or in the eye of justice. Alberto Fujimori in right now in prison, for human right violations, 25 years of conviction. Ollanta Humala is in preventive reclusion, investigated for corruption. Alejandro Toledo, currently fugitive of justice for corruption as well. Case Oderbrecht (link ...


30

Because FDR belonged to a school of thought that felt that the primary goal of US foreign policy should be to promote and defend US ideals abroad. I know the common narrative is to divide US foreign policy thought into two camps: Isolationist and Interventionist, but I've always found that an inadequate tool. Much better is Walter Russell Mead's four-way ...


27

You mentioned Calhoun - it seems he definitely did cast two tie-breaking votes (on the same subject, but separate occasions) against the wishes of the President. This was on Andrew Jackson's nomination of Martin Van Buren as ambassador to the UK; it seems to have been quite a complicated intraparty struggle, with Calhoun trying to prevent Van Buren becoming ...


27

You will see from the Oath of office WP page that this pattern of two inaugurations always has the first ceremony labeled as "private". The POTUS has to be sworn in on the first day of office. But having a public ceremony where people could actually attend (instead of watching on TV), where parades could be held and such, is not always possible on ...


23

The name is Waldo C. Moore. This page says that he was a check collector: Moore sent famous people a request for an autographed bank check for one cent that was accompanied by his signed one-cent bearer note drawn on The Peoples Banking Company, Lewisburg, Ohio. Moore sent this request to hundreds of celebrities and his appeal received a surprisingly ...


20

To build on T.E.D's excellent answer, it is important to understand the backdrop under which Wallace was nominated for Vice-President in 1940, and not nominated in 1944. The first thing to note, was that as late as the 1930s and 1940s, the Republican party was the "centrist" and "Establishment" (but pro-business party), while the Democrats were an unlikely ...


19

The "white plague" refers to tuberculosis. The incident, which captured the nation's imagination for one day, is described by this report from the Grizzly Bear Magazine, April 1914: 4000-MILE HIKE TO NATIONAL CAPITAL The Pacific Coast has done much to attract the attention of the world, but one of the most unique things that has been formulated ...


17

Diving a bit deeper into this, it looks like Wallace had three big strikes against him: He was a progressive liberal, at a time when a very large and influential part of the party (the Solid South) was very conservative. So was FDR of course, but as the holder of the White House they couldn't really attack him. He was a Theosophist (sort of the era's ...


17

South Korea right now has their last two presidents, Lee Myung-bak and Park Geun-hye in jail. Then again, almost all ex-presidents of South Korea end up either on trial or committing suicide...


16

The 20th amendment says "The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January ... and the terms of their successors shall then begin". The body of the constitution (article II, section I) says: "Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation: [the oath]&...


13

FDR position was informed by his conviction that intervention was inevitable. In that critical month of May 1940, he [FDR] finally realized that it was probably a question of when, not if, the United States would be drawn into war. Talk about neutrality or noninvolvement was no longer seasonable as the unimaginable dangers he had barely glimpsed in 1936 ...


12

First of all, you should have detailed what did you mean with the term "modern era". If this is related only to the post 1991 period, then there are numerous examples. Here is a list of some of such examples: Sergey Stepashin, who had served as the head of the FSB before he became the Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov, currently he is the head of the SVR, and ...


12

George Washington was _not the “first president of the United States”; he was the first president under the Constitution. Before Washington took office in 1789, the United States had sixteen “presidents”—the presidents of the Continental and Confederation Congresses. Of course, these men did not have the power and prestige of modern presidents; they were ...


12

I started looking into answering, but then ran across this summary of the three most noteworthy cases. I'm going to link it here as it does a pretty good job of the three cases that are applicable to the 2020 case. The article is not 100% correct in that it lists three outgoing presidents, when there are actually five cases, though the restriction is ...


11

According to Google Books the book "Respectfully Quoted: A Dictionary of Quotations" edited by Suzy Platt says that this came from a letter to S Stanwood Menken in 1917 and was read by Roosevelt's sister to a national meeting that same year. Sounds legit.


11

The last time the US officially declared war against another nation was on December 8, 1941 - Japan. And that declaration was necessary, because Japan didn't declare ware on the US before starting the attack. Germany declared war on the US soon after. Franklin D. Roosevelt spearheaded that one, for those of you who really don't know your history. However, ...


11

This book, The Papers of Woodrow Wilson, vol 53 in a footnote on page 308 states that on Dec 3, the resolution (S Con Res. 26) was introduced by Senator Sherman to declare the office of President as vacant. So you have another source, with date and resolution number. All I find is a snippet view so can't give you much more.


11

It's the medal of the American Legion: According to the notes that accompany the picture on the AP website, the photograph was taken: ... after President Johnson's address to the national convention of the American Legion Tuesday afternoon,September 10, 1968. JBJ was famously a member of the American Legion, and was awarded the Legion’s Distinguished ...


10

As bizarre soul who actually blew some of his vacation in '88 on a Florida beach that summer watching the Rep convention coverage.. VP choices are generally all about compensating for the POTUS candidate's perceived weaknesses. Bush had been a moderate before his association with Reagan, which meant the conservative base of the Republican party was not all ...


10

The most obvious examples would be three members of the Founding Fathers who served in roles for the British government. George Washington served as both a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses which dealt directly with the royal appointed Governor of Virginia, and as a member of the British army. John Adams was briefly a member of the Massachusetts ...


9

There was no Chief Executive under the Articles Of Confederation because there was no executive. That was one of its major flaws that the US Constitution corrected. The Presidents of the Continental Congress were "presidents" in name only. They were appointed by Congress to act as a moderator, sort of like a modern Speaker of the House, but with just about ...


8

Although Quayle is the punch lines of many jokes, he had served with distinction, and had been elected with significant margins; those are strong positives for a Vice Presidential Candidate. He won reelection in 1978 by the greatest percentage margin achieved to date in that northeast Indiana district. In 1980, at age 33, Quayle became the youngest person ...


8

Kept the USA out of War with Imperial Germany over Venezuela, stupendous economic growth, trust busting "malefactors of great wealth", set up the National Park System, built the first of what would become massive Dams out West, signed off on " Plan Orange"...the only case for American military action outside of its territory...which created a War Plan should ...


8

Teddy Roosevelt offered a one-two punch of "good government" at home, and a robust foreign policy. Not all Presidents are good at either domestic or foreign policy; few are good at both. Though from a rich family, he authored the "Square Deal", domestically for the common man. Roosevelt was a great conservationist and arguably the father of the ...


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