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52 votes
Accepted

When did official documentation stop referring to black people as Negros in the States?

It seems that the term was used on a number of pieces of legislation as late as the 1970's. In 2016, President Obama signed legislation into law which struck outdated racial terms such as “Oriental” ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
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32 votes

When did official documentation stop referring to black people as Negros in the States?

The US Army stopped using the term "Negro" in November of 2014. See U.S. Army apologizes, will drop term 'Negro' from policy document However, the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) ...
DavePhD's user avatar
  • 3,484
21 votes
Accepted

What is the primary source evidence for the theory that the African Ancient Egyptians are not black Africans whose origin is sub-Saharan Africa?

The origins of the Ancient Egyptians remains very much an open question. The latest DNA study that I'm aware of suggests that Ancient Egyptian populations may have more common ancestry with ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
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10 votes
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What were the racial views of the Nazis towards the Greeks?

Hitler and the Nazis admired ancient Greeks, who they considered "Nordic" conquerors (thus justifying Nazi Germany co-opting classicism). Their modern descendants, however, not so much. Nazi ...
Semaphore's user avatar
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10 votes

Why are Turkish people and other Turkik people considered of Mongolic race if their language is not in the Mongolic language family?

There's no scientific definition of "race", so that part of the question is unanswerable. Linguists do try to classify languages though, since that can be done (mostly) objectively, based on ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
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9 votes

Who is the first person in the 17th century to describe themselves as a "white" person and who invented the term "white race"?

I'm afraid that this is yet another example of Wikipedia editors misreading source material. I went to the source of this specific assertion: Black Odysseus, White Caesar: When Did "White People" ...
congusbongus's user avatar
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8 votes
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Why did James Baldwin call it "magnificent twenties"?

In addition to the other answer there are a few points I think are important. For one many African American service men, most who had never left the farm or city, were exposed to a vastly different ...
ed.hank's user avatar
  • 6,685
8 votes

What was the ethnic identity of first class sergeant Patrick Joseph Cleary?

If the Patrick Joseph Cleary born October 9, 1925 from T.E.D.'s answer is the correct one, his draft registration card -- signed on his 18th birthday -- describes him as white with hazel eyes, brown ...
shoover's user avatar
  • 1,773
8 votes
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What was the ethnic identity of first class sergeant Patrick Joseph Cleary?

If I'm reading this right, it appears that his official military records have him listed as "Caucasian" Down at the bottom of his entry on his Korean War Project page they have this record, ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
  • 120k
8 votes
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What is the extent to which Malcolm X's activism was influenced by his Muslim beliefs?

Malcolm X's understanding of race was dramatically changed by his completion of the Hajj, the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca. Here's a copy of the letter he wrote. He wrote that, "I have never before ...
Robert Columbia's user avatar
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8 votes
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When did the accusations of convict stain against white Australians stop being culturally significant?

TL;DR: In the 1950s it was still a stain and mark of derision not to be spoken of. In the 1960s attitudes changes. By the 1970s it had become a badge of pride which it still is for some today. Long ...
Marakai's user avatar
  • 2,476
7 votes

Why are Turkish people and other Turkik people considered of Mongolic race if their language is not in the Mongolic language family?

First, Turkish people are not in general considered of Mongoloid race, neither are Turkic-speaking Azeris. These two peoples are usually classified to belong to Europoid race with maybe only admixture ...
Anixx's user avatar
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6 votes
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What caused the shift from racially-motivated violence to segregation in the Reconstruction era?

That would be the election of 1876. Prior to then, the US army was physically present in the South to enforce the civil rights laws and the 14th Amendment. So the only avenue open to those wanting to ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
  • 120k
6 votes
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Were prisons in Maine mixed race in 1947?

Yes. At least one prison in Maine counted both white and Black prisoners among its population during the 1940-1950 time period. In the 1950 census of Knox County, Maine, enumeration district 7-36 ...
shoover's user avatar
  • 1,773
5 votes

Why did James Baldwin call it "magnificent twenties"?

Maybe it's a reference to the Harlem Renaissance; The Harlem Renaissance is generally considered to have spanned from about 1918 until the mid-1930s.[7] Many of its ideas lived on much longer. The ...
kimchi lover's user avatar
  • 5,952
5 votes

How were interracial relationships between African-Americans and Latinos treated in Southern states before the Loving decision?

Yes, in Texas, anti-miscegenation laws still applied to Latinos (Mexican Americans) as they were usually defined as White. It was much more obvious depending on the dominance of Spanish or Native ...
Rhetorikolas's user avatar
5 votes

What were the FBI's motives for wanting to discredit MLK?

I suspect that you are overthinking it. Given that USSR exploited every sympathiser for its nefarious purposes (cf. Atomic spies, communists in the state department &c), and given that Hoover, as ...
sds's user avatar
  • 27k
5 votes

Was the Abolition of Slavery in the United States perceived and advertised as an effort to improve race relations or as an improvement to labour laws?

Neither. Reasons given for advocating the abolition of slavery usually were: 1) Slavery was a form of theft and totally wrong, unethical, evil and against the will of God. 2) slavery was bad for ...
MAGolding's user avatar
  • 2,154
4 votes
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Did the Creole estate in Russian America encompass Siberian creoles?

An important point for the answer to this question - the entity governing the Russian America was the Russian American Company (RAC), not the actual government structures of Russian Empire. The act ...
Danila Smirnov's user avatar
3 votes
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Was the Abolition of Slavery in the United States perceived and advertised as an effort to improve race relations or as an improvement to labour laws?

So my question is, was the Abolition of Slavery in the United States perceived and advertised as an effort to improve race relations or an improvement to labour laws? Others have given sociopolitical ...
Αδριανός's user avatar
3 votes

Why are Turkish people and other Turkik people considered of Mongolic race if their language is not in the Mongolic language family?

I am writing this because I believe the Wikipedia article on Turko-Mongol tradition does not really help readers understand the concept, which gave rise to this question (my assumption). Also, (...
J Asia's user avatar
  • 6,323
3 votes

Why are Turkish people and other Turkik people considered of Mongolic race if their language is not in the Mongolic language family?

Your very question has no answer since it is factually wrong — most of population of modern Turkey belongs to Europoid race (more specifically — to Mediterranean, I guess). However the answer to any ...
Dmitry Alexandrov's user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

What was the impact of race in the French Foreign Legion in the 20th century?

Chapter 6 of the book "Transnational Soldiers. Foreign Military Enlistment in the Modern Era" (the chapter can be found here, although paywalled) deals with recruitment policies of the French Foreign ...
Danila Smirnov's user avatar
2 votes

Was the Abolition of Slavery in the United States perceived and advertised as an effort to improve race relations or as an improvement to labour laws?

Hardly! I can't put my hand on it now, but I wrote an undergraduate paper on the genesis of US slavery, where I referenced the first documented sale of "Negros" in the American colonies in, I think, ...
TheHonRose's user avatar
  • 7,929
2 votes
Accepted

The situation in nazi Germany of a Jewish male married to an "aryan" female vs Jewish female married to an "aryan" male?

The protest on Rosenstrasse was afaik uniformly Jewish males being held and non-Jewish wives protesting their imprisonment — why was there not a single case even in this protest of a Jewish wife being ...
Jan's user avatar
  • 9,216
2 votes

How did Martin Luther King Jr. Day become a day of service?

This is a partial answer based on some more research I did. A Google Books search for the phrase "a day on not a day off" led me to this transcript of a 1993 hearing on the Holiday and ...
Mark Foskey's user avatar
1 vote

Why did James Baldwin call it "magnificent twenties"?

The 1920s were a time of "unprecedented" opportunity for African Americans. Not that "discrimination" against them would stop for a long time to come. But at least this stopped "expanding," and began ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 104k
1 vote

Did the Creole estate in Russian America encompass Siberian creoles?

According to Lydia Black's "Russians in Alaska" (pp. 215): The Russian usage [of creole] adheres to descendants of persons not native to the New World and was never applied to Russian citizens ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
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