76 votes

How did the general population of England convert so smoothly to Protestantism?

Well, it wasn't smooth. First of all, there was already a minority of "reform" viewpoint in England before Henry VIII. It was centered in the intelligentsia and gentry. So when Henry VIII decided ...
Mark Olson's user avatar
  • 7,728
41 votes

How did the general population of England convert so smoothly to Protestantism?

Not only was it not totally smooth, but it also wasn't much of a change. At least not on personal human timeframes. You have to realize that the break in England didn't happen because anybody had any ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
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24 votes
Accepted

Did Johann Tetzel really claim to be able to give indulgences even for the sin of violating the Mother of God?

This is indeed already part of Thesis Number 75 of those famous 95: Opinari venias papales tantas esse, ut solvere possint hominem, etiam si quis per impossibile dei genitricem violasset, Est ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 80.9k
23 votes

Why were bloody religious wars so incredibly frequent in Europe in the century following the Reformation?

Religion was just the tool, mostly. The real conflict was over who had the "monopoly on violence" - sovereignty. In medieval Europe, the state formed a useful alliance with the church - the church ...
Luaan's user avatar
  • 436
23 votes

Why were bloody religious wars so incredibly frequent in Europe in the century following the Reformation?

Religious war in Europe may be understood in light of the existing order. First of all, the state and the church were vitally connected. This relationship had existed for centuries. Whether ...
George A. Solodun's user avatar
15 votes

Why are church reformist centers all outside the boundary of the original Roman Empire?

Consider the Church of England as a counterexample, or for that matter Calvin in Geneva. If you look for a simplistic explanation, look not at Roman borders but at the political weakness of the Holy ...
o.m.'s user avatar
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14 votes

What was the motivation for the Church of England to begin recording births, marriages and deaths in 1538?

The parish registers were introduced mainly because Thomas Cromwell had found that they were in common use in the rest of Europe and according to the sources cited by the related wikipedia article, ...
Viralk's user avatar
  • 1,411
12 votes
Accepted

Why did so many ruling European families hold on to Catholicism during the Reformation?

One reason was that a number of these Catholic "secular" kingdoms actually derived a lot of their power from the Church. Two of these were Spain and the Holy Roman Empire. Ferdinand and Isabella of ...
Tom Au's user avatar
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11 votes
Accepted

How well did William III speak English at time of the Glorious Revolution in 1688?

Summary The authoritative short answer to the question as posed is: The chance of William being a pretty decent debater would be extremely high. Born to an English mother, with half of his servants ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 80.9k
9 votes

Why were bloody religious wars so incredibly frequent in Europe in the century following the Reformation?

Most of the answers have revolved around the interconnection of Church and State and power politics, which is definitely a main part of the answer. But the other factor which is very hard for a ...
nigel222's user avatar
  • 191
9 votes

How did the general population of England convert so smoothly to Protestantism?

Have you heard of the Pilgrimage of Grace? This was a major rebellion against Henry's move to break with Rome. The execution of over 200 of the participants was probably a very effective incentive for ...
Martin Owton's user avatar
8 votes

Who are the "Two Parties" of the Protestants in the Treaty of Westphalia?

The two key articles (Avalon transcription) are these [my emphasis]: XXVIII. That those of the Confession of Augsburg, and particularly the Inhabitants of Oppenheim, shall be put in possession again ...
Pieter Geerkens's user avatar
8 votes

How did the general population of England convert so smoothly to Protestantism?

I'm not sure I'd really describe it as either "smooth" or "peaceful", given that Catholic-Protestant rivalry can still divide families and is still capable of producing street riots in Britain today. ...
pjc50's user avatar
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6 votes
Accepted

How did commoners in late medieval to early modern Europe learn to read?

As you said, by the 17th century many people were literate and had a copy of the Bible. The following figure shows the literacy rate throughout the last 500 years in several countries: An interesting ...
YokedSinger8062's user avatar
6 votes

Why are church reformist centers all outside the boundary of the original Roman Empire?

the church reformist centers are virtually all outside the original Roman Empire That is not really true. The oldest reformist or heretic movements appeared within former Roman territories, like the ...
cipricus's user avatar
  • 2,264
5 votes

Are Luther and Calvin responsible for executing more humans than the Catholic Inquisition?

I think you’ve answered your own question (in your closing paragraph). The claim made in that random quote from a Russian Orthodox priest does not establish a fact. And no, I will not be watching ...
Lesley's user avatar
  • 427
5 votes

Why were there no religious wars in Poland?

In fact, Poland had at least one internal religious war, namely, the Khmelnytsky Uprising in 1648–1657, right at the end of the 30 year war in Central Europe. Religion, ethnicity, and economics ...
Moishe Kohan's user avatar
  • 6,298
5 votes

Why were bloody religious wars so incredibly frequent in Europe in the century following the Reformation?

I'ts not about religion, it's about power and money (Disclaimer: First of all, english is not my main languaje but i'm gonna give it a try, now let's go to the point of this answer.) It's all start ...
Obsdarek's user avatar
5 votes

Why did so many ruling European families hold on to Catholicism during the Reformation?

A somewhat blunt analysis, but Catholicism was hierarchical and prescriptive, Protestantism more personal and individual - the Bible etc in the vernacular. Kings were appointed by God. To oppose the ...
TheHonRose's user avatar
  • 7,939
3 votes

How did the general population of England convert so smoothly to Protestantism?

It wasn't smooth and there were strong undercurrents both ways. I just finished reading Ken Follett's book A Column of Fire', which although historical fiction, it covered many of the historical ...
Stephen Barrett's user avatar
2 votes

Why did so many ruling European families hold on to Catholicism during the Reformation?

They were Catholic, because their subjects were Romanised at a deep enough level to prefer being Roman Catholic. If you look at where the Roman empire's borders were: You can see that it very closely ...
Eugene's user avatar
  • 171
2 votes

What was Martin Luther's incentive for reformation?

Luther was both a theologian and a politician. How much of his reformation stemmed from his political side of consideration? The caveat is that in the time of Luther the notion of separation of ...
Roger V.'s user avatar
  • 3,671
2 votes

Are Luther and Calvin responsible for executing more humans than the Catholic Inquisition?

I am certain that answering the question accurately would be rather complicated. Catholics and Protestants executed more people for religious reasons than merely those they considered heretics. There ...
MAGolding's user avatar
  • 19.3k
2 votes

Did the council of Tours abolish January 1st as the beginning of the year?

Part One: It is Partially Confirmed. I Found the 22nd canon of the Council of Tours of 567: Some still hold fast the old error, that they should honour the 1st of January. Others, on the festival of ...
MAGolding's user avatar
  • 19.3k
2 votes

Who are the "Two Parties" of the Protestants in the Treaty of Westphalia?

'The Protestants' were mainly divided into two factions within the Empire: 'Lutheran' and 'Reformed' churches, the latter often subsumed as 'Calvinists'. This is really already spelled out within the ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 80.9k
1 vote

What was the biggest region in the Holy Roman Empire that was never Protestant, if any?

Short Answer: The Holy Roman Empire was larger than you might think, even in 1789, and included lands in France and Italy that might possibly never have had any Protestant clergy. There were many ...
MAGolding's user avatar
  • 19.3k
1 vote

How many people died in the British Isles from religious persecution between 1532 and 1791?

It seems that accurate numbers are not known to historians or are difficult to assemble. For example: according to Encyclopedia Britannica altogether, some 600 Catholics died in the persecutions ...
RedGrittyBrick's user avatar
1 vote
Accepted

Why are church reformist centers all outside the boundary of the original Roman Empire?

Is it a coincidence that the church reformist centers are virtually all outside the original Roman Empire border, the Roman Limes ? No. It is not. It is by no means some sort of mere coincidence that ...
Lucian's user avatar
  • 1,193
1 vote

Why were bloody religious wars so incredibly frequent in Europe in the century following the Reformation?

Ok, so they tend to fight; we knew that. But why the decrease and then increase in certain specified time range? That’s the question! Because the time range is chosen that way and the reason limited ...
bstabens's user avatar

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