11

Nicaragua 1979 The overthrow of the Samoza regime and the National Guard (as the Nicaraguan military was then known) by the Sandinista National Liberation Front in 1979 during the Nicaraguan Revolution seems to qualify. With an estimated death toll of at least 30,000 and numerous clashes between students, guerrillas and the National Guard, it certainly ...


10

Iran and Saudi Arabia are both majority Muslim nations in western Asia, with a lot of their external revenue coming from oil extraction. But that's about where the resemblance ends. Iran is largely Shia' in religion, and the vast majority of its population speak Indo-European (Mostly Indo-Iranian) languages. Only about 3% of its population is Arab. Their ...


8

The central problem in the theory presented in the question is this: According to their reasoning, the leaders of the military control the military, and thus have enough firepower to defeat any popular uprising. Well, the 'leaders' do not always 'control' the military on all its levels. It's an idealisation. The average grunt sometimes thinks for himself....


7

If I’m reading this question correctly, there are 4 criteria for an answer to be a valid example: There was a revolution. It was recent. There was a major or large-scale redistribution of wealth from rich to poor. There was violence. Presumably, this violence should relate to the redistribution of wealth rather than the actual overthrow of the previous ...


6

Abdication of Napoleon in both 1814 and 1815 was forced by the Paris mob, led by disloyal civilians such as Talleyrand and Fouché, despite the unquestioned loyalty of the French Army.


4

I finally found this question addressed in Timothy Anna's Forging Mexico (Nebraska, 1998), pp. 36-40. Tenochtitlán dominated the center of Mesoamerica for a century before the arrival of Spaniards, who chose the same location for their own capital. In Mexico "the hegemony of the metropolitan, urban center existed all through the colonial period." Over time ...


4

Just prior to the start of WWII, Nazi Germany managed to use lots of induced street violence and fake stories about German unification supporters being suppressed to take over Austria without themselves firing a shot, and then used fake stories about ethnic Germans being oppressed and abused to do the same thing with the defensible western portion of ...


4

If you accept a Western Roman Emperor as a dictator, then Vetranio (March to December 350 AD) may qualify. This somewaht obscure emperor was deposed peacefully by Contantius II: Constantius first met with Vetranio at Serdica.... On 25 December 350 both men mounted a platform before the assembled troops; Constantius managed, by means of a strong speech,...


4

Examples are abundant, beginning with the "Glorious revolution" in England. July revolution 1830 in France, overthrow of the Communist regime in Roumania, the Ukrainian revolution of 2014. All these were violent overthrows of the governments which did not lead to a totalitarian regime. There were also many non-violent revolutions, and many "in between". For ...


3

The Carnation Revolution Many good examples have already been provided, but I would add the Carnation Revolution in 1974 in Portugal, that overthrew Salazar's authoritarian Estado Nuovo and resulted in the Republic of Portugal.


3

I think you'd be very interested in the ideas of Douglas S. Robertson in The New Renaissance: Computers and the Next Level of Civilization. The chapter of the book relevant to this discussion is available free online from CNN.* The basic thesis is that human civilizations are inherently information-limited. With this insight, we can sort civilizations into ...


2

Well, Spain founded many schools, hospitals and universities in their "colonies". The "New Laws" where approved a few years after the conquest of the Americas (1542) forbbiding the slavery and setting fair laws to protect the natives, officialy at least: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Laws There was no official/legal discrimination agains specific races ...


2

There were many things happening all at once when Mexico became independent. The world saw a free America and the Old World saw the cost to Britain in it's attempt to maintain control over the colonies. The Franciscan order was very good at utilizing the local folklore to communicate the Gospel message and in doing so, helped establish a new people with ...


2

By far the best book on history of communication of those which I read is Ludvík Souček, Kam nedosáhne hlas (Praha, 1964) in Czech. There is an excellent richly illustrated Russian translation: "Туда, где не слышно голоса" (1968). I do not know whether translations to other languages exist. According to Wikipedia, Souček is best known as a science fiction ...


1

It might be a bit too simplified to attribute the Iranian revolution to just one man and his ideas. He's now dead, by the way. Many forces contributed to how the Islamic revolution unfolded and how policies, also towards women changed compared to the Shah era. It is simply untrue that the sixties and seventies were a haven for unopressed men and women and ...


1

Your question is almost impossible to answer as there is no clear definition what fake news actually is. To a lesser extend this applies to hate speech as well. Certainly the way it is applied today seems to be "it doesn't agree with my opinion, therefor it must be fake news or hate speech!" Is warning for vaccination fake news? It - in my opinion - most ...


1

This question is dealt with in some detail by Ana Lucia Araujo in her book Reparations for Slavery and the Slave Trade: A Transnational and Comparative History, Bloomsbury, 2017, pp 84-88. Much of what follows is based on her research. tl; dr Q. How much of this was actually paid and when was the last payment made? Reparations totalling 90 million ...


1

There is a pretty recent quantitative study by Elizabeth Tompkins (2015), but like all such studies of non-violence, it's heavily biased toward recent history. Here's the title & abstract: A Quantitative Reevaluation of Radical Flank Effects within Nonviolent Campaigns Though the coexistence of nonviolent and violent groups within a single ...


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