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3

Reval was an important shipping center for foodstuffs from current and former Swedish territories in modern Sweden,Finland, and Estonia. The Russian Baltic fleet "put in" at that port for supplies for the long journey to the Far East. Which is why its (uninterrupted) journey "began" there, even though it was based in St. Petersburg. The ...


3

There were several important differences between Poland and Finland, in Finland's "favor." 1) Ethnicity: The Poles were Slavic, and the Finns were not. The Russians fancied themselves the natural beneficiaries of a "Pan-Slavic" movement, aimed at Slavs further west and south. The Poles were crucial to this imperative, the Finns were not. ...


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While the integration of these territories into the Russian Empire took place at the same time, they were subject to wholly different methods of integration, one a conquest but a conquest which wasn't resisted by the local people, and the other a conquest which was actively resisted by the local population for decades. Finland The Russo-Swedish War of 1808–...


2

I like @Schwern's answer for its thoroughness with which the international report has been perused. Nevertheless, it seems as if some detail that is in my source isn't as clearly brought out there. My source is Ryotaro Shiba's 'Clouds Above the Hill, Vol. 2'. I've previously commented on Shiba's accuracy here. The author does comment and generalize more than ...


3

This looks like an interesting question; also, one that will be nearly impossible to answer. Yet, for some reason I figured I would try to add some more input: mainly because the other replies, as good as they are, focus on the Russian SFSR, while this was (nominally) an equal to fourteen others. Modern Russia is one of these fifteen and, therefore, cannot ...


2

It depends on the languages you can read. The best book that I know is in Russian: Alexei Tolochko, Essays on the original Rus, Толочко А. П. Очерки начальной руси. Киев; Санкт-Петербург, Лаурус, 2015. And in Ukrainian: Наталья Николаевна Яковенко, Нарис Історії України. З найдавніших часів до кінця XVIII століття (Essay of the history of ...


6

Russian Wikipedia claims this: Together with his brothers he was involved in revolutionary activities and was arrested at the age of 12. He was forced to emigrate with his family to Switzerland . And that isn't referenced directly but apparently based on the following account: At 12, Boris became a revolutionary. Together with his older brothers, he made ...


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