36 votes

Why are most of the world's oldest buildings in Europe and not in the Fertile Crescent?

If you look at the details of the oldest buildings on your list, all of them are built from fieldstone or minimally-shaped quarried stone. Further, the building materials were either found on-site or ...
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  • 8,464
32 votes

Are there historical instances of settlers who were largely uncontacted and undisturbed after settling?

The peopling of Hawaii in the 1100s or 1200s may qualify. Drifters or shipwrecks could have arrived in the following centuries (for which see Braden's On the Probability of Pre-1778 Japanese Drifts to ...
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  • 27.3k
20 votes

Why are most of the world's oldest buildings in Europe and not in the Fertile Crescent?

Actually, some of the oldest known man-made structures are in the Fertile Crescent (FC). The list in your question purposefully excludes sites like Göbekli Tepe, Tell es-Sultan, and Tell Qaramel, each ...
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15 votes
Accepted

Is there any evidence of post-landbridge travel across the Bering Strait?

Yes, your suspicion is correct. Once man had boats (no later than 40,000 years ago) and the ability to live in the arctic, the island chains strung across the Bering Strait could not have been a ...
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  • 110k
14 votes

Are there historical instances of settlers who were largely uncontacted and undisturbed after settling?

It doesn't reach the bars in the OP of 200 settlers and 3 centuries, but in case you are interested in a smaller experience, Pitcairn Island was settled in 1790 by 27 people. The community they built ...
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  • 5,488
12 votes
Accepted

When and where arose the first civilization?

Many historians go so far as to equate the term "Civilization" with writing. So let's look at that. Egypt and Sumer (in Modern-day Iraq between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers) both founded literate ...
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  • 110k
12 votes

Why are most of the world's oldest buildings in Europe and not in the Fertile Crescent?

It's not just Europe but even narrower. You'll notice the top 3 listed are all in France. Of the rest of the top 10, 4 are in the British Isles. I think Mark has about half of the answer: These ...
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  • 110k
11 votes

Did migrating people ever maintain contact across the Bering Strait?

On a cultural level, yes. The Yupik peoples have inhabited both sides of Bering Straight for at least a couple of millennia, though there are distinctions between the Siberian and various Alaskan ...
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11 votes

Are there historical instances of settlers who were largely uncontacted and undisturbed after settling?

Sentinelese people from Andamans Sentineli and the North Sentinel Islanders, are an indigenous people who inhabit North Sentinel Island in the Bay of Bengal in India. They are considered one of the ...
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  • 211
8 votes

Why are most of the world's oldest buildings in Europe and not in the Fertile Crescent?

Civilisations not only build buildings, but destroy and reuse them. Many ruins were effectively used as quarries by local people and stones, e.g. bricks from Roman buildings ended up in an early ...
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6 votes

When and where arose the first civilization?

The term "high culture" is a bit subjective. I believe, however, the earliest site as it predates the Neolithic Revolution, is Göbekly Tepe in Turkey: Göbekli Tepe (Wikipedia). EDIT The question ...
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  • 2,887
6 votes
Accepted

Did Canada or Mexico have an equivalent of Manifest Destiny at some stage in their development?

Although the Convention of 1818 and the subsequent 1846 Oregon Treaty might be considered here, these both predate the establishment of a true Canadian Government. Hence I think the following Acts and ...
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6 votes
Accepted

How were settlers' houses in Kamchatka built?

According to Archibald Campbell's account "A voyage around the world", the Petropavlovsk houses of Russians in 1807 were thus: ... with the exception of the Governor's house, [the town] consists of ...
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  • 27.3k
6 votes
Accepted

Historical Instances like the settlement of Pitcairn Island

According to the Wikipedia article linked to in the question, the mutineers on Pitcairn were isolated from outside contact for less than 20 years (1790-1808). There have been countless small ...
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5 votes
Accepted

Did Indigenous Australians burn land to get Europeans to move on, and did Europeans follow suit?

Many pre-invasion aboriginal cultures managed land by burning. The effects of this were regular fuel reduction, open bush suitable for large game hunting, and the development of desired fire friendly ...
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5 votes
Accepted

Who was the American settler Tolman of Kamchatka?

William "Василий" Tolman was a New Englander born in 1793. According to the book "Тайны камчатских имен", he arrived in Petropavlovsk, Kamchatka in 1813. A story about one of his daughters, long ...
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5 votes

How were settlers' houses in Kamchatka built?

James Forsyth's 'A History of the Peoples of Siberia' suggests that settler constructions were similar to those used in Siberia. Before the Russian's arrival (in the early eighteenth century) the ...
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5 votes

Has there been other settlements in occupied territories in recent history?

Crimea (occupied by Russia from Crimean tatars, with tatars forcibly deported and Russians moved in). Later re-occupied in 2014, with both Ukrainians and Crimean tatars being discriminated against (...
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  • 17.1k
5 votes

Is there any evidence of post-landbridge travel across the Bering Strait?

I recently read a book, Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America's Clovis Culture that purports to challenge the foot traffic in two ways - first that ancient peoples were far more handy on boats ...
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4 votes

Has there been other settlements in occupied territories in recent history?

French Algeria might qualify. Algeria was conquered militarily (in 1830) and maintained under French control against regular rebellions until 1962. Its status within the empire was very different ...
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  • 2,181
4 votes
Accepted

Information on first stages of road formation between villages and towns

From Encyclopedia on Society and Culture in the Ancient World vol.3 (New York: Facts on File, 2008), pp. 882-893: Roads and Bridges: Introduction The earliest roads in the ancient world consisted of ...
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  • 6,235
3 votes
Accepted

How did the layout of a Medieval European village typically change as it grew into a town?

I would start with a brief explanation on how I'd classify township development in the Middle Ages. I don't expect this to be exhaustive, but rather illustrative of the few lines of development that I ...
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  • 10.6k
3 votes

How did the layout of a Medieval European village typically change as it grew into a town?

If a city was able to hold markets, settlements often grew around a central market square (replace with Suq for Islamic cities). In many european cities, this (former) market square, often in ...
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  • 1,125
3 votes

Did Canada or Mexico have an equivalent of Manifest Destiny at some stage in their development?

Since the accepted answer does not mention Mexico, I can add an observation here. The modern nation-state's immediate predecessor was the Viceroyalty of New Spain (and later that of New Galicia). ...
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  • 27.3k
3 votes

Has there been other settlements in occupied territories in recent history?

How about in 1948 when India invaded Hyderabad and conquered it? Any Indians who since moved to the area are also occupying settlers.
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2 votes

How was real estate from Germans expelled after WWII redistributed?

It happened in different countries and it was different, of course. In the Czech Republic there were four stages of gaining the former German estates. At start practically anyone could move in and ...
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  • 6,976
2 votes

Why are most of the world's oldest buildings in Europe and not in the Fertile Crescent?

In a word - bias (when unconscious) and deception (when done deliberately and consciously). It’s the role of a professional historian to aim at the truth and to see through bias/deception in ...
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1 vote

Where did primitive settlements first start to occur outside of the Middle-East and Turkey?

Settlements started to pop up after the end of the last glaciation pretty much everywhere there was a good river valley and some kind of useful domesticable crop. Examples would be the Indus Valley ...
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  • 110k
1 vote

Why are most of the world's oldest buildings in Europe and not in the Fertile Crescent?

How about a little different angle: local culture and tradition of "digging". While technically true that a building can stand for thousands of years, even if they do, generally they do in ...
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  • 1,209
1 vote
Accepted

Did families heading west ever settle along the Oregon Trail (instead of at the final destination)?

This will help you find your answer. The first expeditions using the Oregon Trail were in 1839-1841 and in 1846 the route became passable for wagons all the way to the Willamette Valley in Oregon. ...
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