76 votes

How do we know baroque art depicted obese ladies because of a different ideal of beauty?

Art does not exist in a vacuum, but is rather only one part of the historical record. Just as people comment on our modern standard of beauty today, so does early modern writers on theirs. Fortunately,...
Semaphore's user avatar
  • 97.6k
51 votes
Accepted

Were there luxury restaurants in East Germany?

Yes, there was 'luxury' in gastronomical areas in East-Germany. This yes comes with a slight caveat: that was more rare than in the West and also in a 'reduced amount', often catering to international ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
45 votes
Accepted

Did any British working class men have the vote before 1918?

The film said this un-extraordinary working man had the vote, my calculations show it was possible he had the vote. But the 1918 act gave "working men the vote". So one of these 2 statements must be ...
Semaphore's user avatar
  • 97.6k
26 votes

How do we know baroque art depicted obese ladies because of a different ideal of beauty?

A lot of the paintings were commissioned as portraits, why would people pay for themselves to be depicted in an ugly way? Wealth nowadays is associated with a slim, tanned, and shaped body because ...
user36167's user avatar
  • 261
20 votes
Accepted

What do Marxists mean by "class basis of law"? As seen in linked article

Marxist Theory Marxism, as taught and practiced in the USSR, claims that human society consists of base: economic structure (ownership of means of production, relationships between the owners and ...
sds's user avatar
  • 27k
20 votes
Accepted

How many British navy officers were from lower classes at the end of 18th century?

In his book "A Social History of the Navy 1793-1815", Michael Lewis gives the following breakdown of the background of Navy officers based on their parents' social status. Social Status of R.N. ...
Steve Bird's user avatar
  • 19.9k
18 votes

Was the 35 year age minimum chosen for US president roughly equal to the average life expectancy for a reason?

The Wikipedia article about life expectancy incudes the following: Life expectancy increases with age as the individual survives the higher mortality rates associated with childhood. For instance,...
simon at rcl's user avatar
15 votes

Were freedmen part of the "familia"?

Short Answer How true Jeanne Marie Neumann's statement is depends on, firstly, the definition of familia used and, secondly, the circumstances of individual freedmen and freedwomen. As one classicist ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
13 votes

How do we know baroque art depicted obese ladies because of a different ideal of beauty?

Q How do we know baroque art depicted obese ladies because of a different ideal of beauty? Do we really? We don't. The anthropological constant to be observed is: "women are considered 'attractive' ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
13 votes

Were there luxury restaurants in East Germany?

In addition to @LangLangC answer, some background information. Restaurants were clasified into Preisstufen (price levels) which were clearly specified outside on the shown menu. The higher the number, ...
Mark Johnson's user avatar
  • 9,716
12 votes
Accepted

Why were gravediggers, actors and former gladiators (but not slaves) banned from the Colosseum?

Slaves and prostitutes weren't of such a low status modern people like to assume. At least, not all of them. Also, some actors (like senators or even the 'bad' emperors, like Nero, and others fighting ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
9 votes

Did Karl Marx openly advocate violence? (or oppose it?)

There's a trivial part and an unanswerable part to the question. The trivial part - did Marx think that a violent revolution was the only way to bring a better society into being? Yep, he did. It's ...
Ne Mo's user avatar
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8 votes

What do Marxists mean by "class basis of law"? As seen in linked article

I remember a British TV episode where someone sarcastically remarked on the majestic equality of English law, where the millionaire and homeless man are equally forbidden to sleep under bridges. That ...
MAGolding's user avatar
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8 votes
Accepted

Until when did Castile consider all Basques to be noble?

Apparently, it is still valid. If you can read Spanish and you have a stomach for legalese, you can try to digest this. It is a relatively long but definitely dull exposition on what you should do in ...
Rekesoft's user avatar
  • 577
7 votes

Who was a "gentleman" in USA in the times of Tom Sawyer?

In the 19th century U.S., there were basically two types of "gentlemen." The first was the landed gentry. Obvious enough, the idea came from England and Europe generally. This may have represented 1% ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 105k
7 votes

Did any British working class men have the vote before 1918?

All men over 21, with no property restrictions, and women over 30 or some property owning women. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Representation_of_the_People_Act_1918
TheHonRose's user avatar
  • 7,929
7 votes

Was the 35 year age minimum chosen for US president roughly equal to the average life expectancy for a reason?

The other answers touch on this point, but I think it needs to be emphasized: The quote in the question demonstrates a gross misunderstanding of the concept of average life expectancy. Overall ...
Kevin Krumwiede's user avatar
7 votes

What legal test, if any, distinguished gentlemen from commoners in Tudor England?

I only have a conjecture, it is derived from one case. But I suppose it is typical. George Green was a miller in Nottingham in the first half of 19th century. He owned a mill and worked in it. He was ...
Alex's user avatar
  • 38.9k
6 votes
Accepted

Which French Revolutionary figure thought black slaves could oversee monkeys for labor?

There are many mentions from French Enlightenment writers, which is not the same as Revolutionary, but I think more adequate to what you are looking for. This is because influences of Linnaeus and ...
James's user avatar
  • 2,655
5 votes

What do Marxists mean by "class basis of law"? As seen in linked article

Marxists claimed that all aspects of the social life were determined by the class struggle. This included law. In other words, they claimed that all laws and all legal procedures were established to ...
Alex's user avatar
  • 38.9k
5 votes
Accepted

What was the social class of priests' children in Imperial Russia?

There is a very detailed discussion of this issue on pages 281-284 of Законы о состояниях (Св. зак., т. IX изд. 1899 г., по прод 1906, 1908 и 1909 гг.). / Сост. Я.А.Канторович. — СПб.: Право, 1911. —...
Moishe Kohan's user avatar
  • 6,315
5 votes

Were surname upgrades a well known practice in the Spanish Empire?

This is more a long comment than an answer. There are two questions here, one related to the upgrade and another related to the fictitious surnames. About the upgrade. There are several surnames ...
Santiago's user avatar
  • 4,901
4 votes

Which French Revolutionary figure thought black slaves could oversee monkeys for labor?

James' answer cleared up a critical factual error I had in my memory of this Frenchman's ideas. It was indeed Abbe Sieyes, but the the hierarchy for labor was different. I offer the following from A ...
SeligkeitIstInGott's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Who was part of the Raznochintsy class in 1800s Russia?

They were the people who did not fit in any of the traditional strata of feudal society Russian society in the period you mentioned was roughly divided in four groups: nobility, clergy, peasants (...
rs.29's user avatar
  • 11.3k
4 votes
Accepted

Was the 35 year age minimum chosen for US president roughly equal to the average life expectancy for a reason?

The two are unrelated, and any "resemblance" between the two ages is coincidental. If the "life expectancy" was 35, it would be a weighted average of the ages of people who died in childhood, and ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 105k
3 votes
Accepted

What social relationships existed between the popular mobility and the political elites in the revolutionary American colonies?

The most obvious cross-class social relationships of the late 18th century American Colonies were religion and Free Masonry. The numerous small Protestant sects throughout the colonies, especially ...
Pieter Geerkens's user avatar
3 votes

Have fair-skinned peoples ever been the lower/oppressed class?

Fair skinned people are oppressed and lower classes in most fair skinned societies and nations. I'm born Australian and was born in the late 60s. Before multiculuralism took off in the 80s and 90s ...
Jason Tan's user avatar
  • 131

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