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43 votes

Why wasn’t the USSR “rebranded” communist?

The reason is that there are two different concepts that are named "communism". One is the final stage in the Marxist(-Leninist?) development model (after archaic/primitive classless ...
Jan's user avatar
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28 votes

Why wasn’t the USSR “rebranded” communist?

It is good to know that by Lenin's stance USSR was not in fact a socialist state. Their aim was socialism and eventually communism (in modern parlance people think of socialism and communism, usually ...
TETRACTYS's user avatar
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23 votes

How does Louise Bryant's assessment of how the Soviet Union would fall hold up at the beginning of the 21st century?

"The most significant fact is that it will not fall from inside pressure. Only outside, foreign, hostile intervention can destroy it." In fact, some historians have argued the exact opposite: the ...
Semaphore's user avatar
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16 votes

During the time of the German Empire, were Polish or Jewish people permitted to join the Social Democratic Party?

Rosa Luxemburg was a fairly prominent SPD member before WWI. She was from a Jewish family in Poland. This SPD-affiliated page says that in 1914, the SPD had 12 Jewish Reichstag members (out of a total ...
Jan's user avatar
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14 votes

Did Lenin approve of Mussolini’s march on Rome?

I checked Lenin's "Collected Works," Volume 33, 1921-1923. There is nothing even close to such a telegram. (For comparison, the volume contains such "masterpieces" as a letter to a ...
Moishe Kohan's user avatar
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13 votes

What access did people in the Warsaw pact countries have to Western television and radio?

It varied from country to country. Deep inside the Soviet Union they could not watch Western TV and the only access was shortwave broadcasts. You could easily listen short-wave broadcasts in European ...
Alex's user avatar
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11 votes

Why wasn’t the USSR “rebranded” communist?

I am from a former soviet country, and it is important that these ideas were somewhat new and there are some inconsistencies in the terminologies until later when they were defined more properly. Many ...
LUser's user avatar
  • 211
9 votes

What access did people in the Warsaw pact countries have to Western television and radio?

People in the German Democratic Republic could and did receive TV from the Federal Republic of Germany. Terrestrial reception of TV was limited in some parts of the GDR, notably the Dresden area. In ...
o.m.'s user avatar
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9 votes

Did China's life expectancy at birth rise 30.5 years from 1960 to 1980? If so, what were the particular changes made to their society's structure?

"1960 through 1980" is a very interesting choice of time periods. I suspect the claimed increase in life expectancy at birth during that period is true, but it's also misleading. 1960 was the worst ...
Mark's user avatar
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6 votes
Accepted

Did (other) PRC or Soviet leaders give 3+ hour congress speeches?

Yes, a 4-6 hour "main report" of the party leader to the congress was the norm throughout the time when the CPSU was in power. I remember having to study the Gorbachev's speech to the 27th ...
sds's user avatar
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5 votes
Accepted

Did any deputies in the USSR ever get recalled via provisions in the 1977 constitution?

All Soviet constitutions, starting from Soviet Russia Constitution of 1918 (link to article) had provisions to recall deputies. However, it is mostly in 1920s and 1930s that these provision was ...
Alex Bulankou's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

Was Fascism capitalist or communist or as many say, was it a "third type" of ideology?

At a very high level economic systems can be classified into 4 groups by two criteria: public or private ownership, and central or decentralized control. Capitalism as commonly practiced in English-...
Pieter Geerkens's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

What was the official theoretical journal of the communist party of the USSR?

To get this question from the "unanswered" list: The journal was called "Communist" ("Коммунист") between 1952-1991; earlier (1924-1952) it was published under the name &...
Moishe Kohan's user avatar
  • 6,275
4 votes

Why wasn’t the USSR “rebranded” communist?

The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolshevik) nominally advocated for an eventual classless society. Much like the reformist Fabian socialists did. Attempts by Soviet proletarians to advance ...
Samuel Russell's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Did the Diggers view property as a sin?

It wasn't that they were against private property because they thought it was sinful, but rather that they thought it was sinful because they were against it*. To understand this, its probably best ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
  • 119k
4 votes

What is 'real socialism'?

What kind of socialism is "real"? Socialism is a poorly defined term, that is often misused and abused in a political discorse. Thus, claiming that any kind of socialism is real to the ...
Roger V.'s user avatar
  • 3,852
4 votes
Accepted

Statement Issued by Communist Party regarding Collectivization: Contradictory?

It is. In Soviet history there are multiple instances of badly implemented policies causing resistance from population, which sometimes resulted in government issuing statements in the spirit of "we ...
Danila Smirnov's user avatar
4 votes

During the time of the German Empire, were Polish or Jewish people permitted to join the Social Democratic Party?

SPD emerged from the merger of the Lassalle's General German Workers Association (ADAV) and Marxist Social Democratic Workers party. Both Lassalle and Marx (as well as many of their followers) were of ...
Roger V.'s user avatar
  • 3,852
3 votes

How does Louise Bryant's assessment of how the Soviet Union would fall hold up at the beginning of the 21st century?

USSR/Russian Empire fell because its government could no long contain the centrifugal forces that are present in any heterogeneous empire. The colonies (called in the USSR for propaganda reasons "...
sds's user avatar
  • 26.9k
3 votes

Why did the Party "Deutschkonservative" vote against renewing the "Sozialistengesetze" in 1890?

Here is a possible explanation; you can find supporting details here: Most of the materials are in the form of translated memoirs of Bismarck and Wilhelm II. While, obviously, biased, the two agree on ...
Moishe Kohan's user avatar
  • 6,275
3 votes

What access did people in the Warsaw pact countries have to Western television and radio?

I think no one mentioned: In western Europe TV channels were in PAL system, while Eastern Europe mostly adopted a version of SECAM. There were differences in the audio system, too. From late 80s, ...
Greg's user avatar
  • 1,205
2 votes

What is 'real socialism'?

To answer the three questions from the OP in a tl/dr way: where does the term come from (who invented it and when) Terms like "real socialism", "actually existing socialism" etc ...
Jan's user avatar
  • 9,187
2 votes

Did China's life expectancy at birth rise 30.5 years from 1960 to 1980? If so, what were the particular changes made to their society's structure?

Actually, growth in life expectancy in China looks even better if you start from the end of the Chinese revolution (say, 1950). A nice paper on this with charts of provincial-level morality (infant ...
AlaskaRon's user avatar
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2 votes
Accepted

Where in Pittsburgh did the 1883 Congress of the International Working Peoples' Association meet and write the Pittsburgh Proclamation?

The Congress seems to have been held over 5 days. Sessions on the first two days were held at Allegheny City's Turner Hall, after which they moved to Brookman's Hall on Fifth Avenue in Pittsburgh. ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
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2 votes

Why wasn’t the USSR “rebranded” communist?

The other answers have covered the meaning of Socialism in the Soviet doctrine (but see also What is 'real socialism'?). I address here the meaning of Socialism at the time of the 3rd International, ...
Roger V.'s user avatar
  • 3,852
2 votes

Were there universities that treated socioeconomic status as a major factor in college admissions?

The workers movement, starting in the 19th century, always critizised the lack of oportunities for workers to get a higher education. When they gained enough following to stand on financial sound ...
ccprog's user avatar
  • 5,498
2 votes

Were there universities that treated socioeconomic status as a major factor in college admissions?

East Germany founded a number of Arbeiter- und Bauern-Fakultäten ("colleges for workers and farmers") after WWII in order to make students from non-privileged backgrounds ready for ...
Jan's user avatar
  • 9,187
1 vote

Were there universities that treated socioeconomic status as a major factor in college admissions?

Historically the top universities in the UK, Oxford and Cambridge, admitted an overwhelming majority of entrants from "public schools" - meaning in this case fee-paying private schools. ...
DJClayworth's user avatar
  • 1,450
1 vote

Why did Mao use political mobilization to prevent inefficiency and slack?

I learned from China Under Mao: A Revolution Derailed that there are three solutions to the drawbacks of a socialist economy: rely on the experts and scientific management; import market as a ...
Lzn's user avatar
  • 369

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