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23

That looks like the archaic form of the letter "s". Shown here in the word "Congress" from the original US Bill of Rights: The Latin name for that long-s glyph is "solidus", which also happens to be the word from which we got the word "shilling". Of course this was not a coincidence. This glyph looks a bit like a ...


16

Historians engage with such sources all the time. Just like any other historical source, they are evaluated in relation to other available evidence. It is true that ancient historians had different standards of evidence then modern ones, and this must be taken in to account. But all sources can include distortions and that is in no way unique to these ...


15

Not following instructions As found by Pieter Geerkens, the instructions for the 1860 census repeatedly state that values should be written in dollars only. However, from context, we can quickly rule out $12 and $10 as plausible values for these columns, so the logical conclusion is that the clerk failed to obey that instruction for these values, and wrote ...


9

Having tracked down the Instructions to U.S. Marshals, Instructions to Assistants for the 1860 census I draw attention to these excerpts describing the means of calculating and recording then census: Schedule No. 1 - Free Inhabitants Item 12. Value of real Estate ..., and are to insert this amount in dollars, be the estate located where it may. .... Item ...


7

If you are interested in some of the actual political blaming being discussed by that quote, you'll probably want to take a look at the writings of the US' first political hatchet-man, James Callender. However, he didn't actually seem to have much compunction against saying nasty things about Washington. He wrote this when Washington left office: If ...


6

I think you are looking for a war journal written by a good writer. I am not aware of one, and haven't read the ones listed below. I am posting them as the result of a quick search on the internet in English, Serbian and Croatian. I hope to find others in time, which I will post here. Beside the ones in English mentioned in comment ( Sarajevo: A War Journal ...


6

I'm going to go with 'There is no evidence'. Parrots (psittaci).—Varro mentions them among rare birds exhibited at public shows. The increase of trade between Egypt and India in the time of Augustus probably helped to make the parrot a common pet in Italy under the Empire. For it was chiefly, at least, the green Indian parrot that the Romans knew. "...


5

This can't really be reconciled historically, because Abraham was written as a mythological figure, not a historic one. The Abraham story cannot be definitively related to any specific time, and it is widely agreed that the patriarchal age, along with The Exodus and the period of the judges, is a late literary construct that does not relate to any period in ...


5

C.M. Whish The first proven European scholar who had the idea that Indian mathematics might have anything of note for the Western scientific tradition was Charles Matthew Whish. The first person in modern times to realise that the mathematicians of Kerala had anticipated some of the results of the Europeans on the calculus by nearly 300 years was Charles ...


3

In at least some cases, we know about the contents of lost works only due to later commentaries. For example, this article on Fibonacci numbers explains: Their first known occurrence dates back to around 700AD, in the work of Virahanka. Virahanka’s original work has been lost, but is nevertheless cited clearly in the work of Gopala (c. 1135) [...] The ...


3

Oral tradition needs to be documented properly and put into context. Your source can be something like "statement by a tribal elder, interview by the author in April 2020 at ..." Side note -- check with your research institution about privacy protocols. Do you name the elder in the publication? Your own records need the exact name and date, of course. Then ...


3

They aren't free (unless your college has institutional access), but they are available from British Online Archives in the collection titled Colonial Africa in Official Statistics, 1821-1953. A single-user license currently costs £20 for 1 week, or £40 for 1 month. Depending upon your exact needs, other reports published by the UK Colonial Office may also ...


3

My answer is going to be less detailed than what I hoped—and not provide you with any artworks!—but perhaps it can serve as a useful focal point for further research. I was hoping to find at least a reference for a chronicle which would describe such a market but no luck. Yet, the textual descriptions from modern research do provide a mental image of a ...


3

Conference Footage Footage of Legasov's address does exist -- but perhaps not the whole address. The relevant passages in Higginbotham's 'Midnight in Chernobyl' with respect to the Vienna Conference say: Two weeks later, on August 25, Valery Legasov, wearing a gray suit and striped tie, his face puffy and haggard behind thick glasses, took the floor on the ...


2

Oral history, historiography of oral traditions, and historiography of traditional knowledges are a fraught area. This is in part because indigenous knowledge is currently politicised in settler societies, mainly over land rights sovereignty treaty and invasion. Oral traditions are a primary source for Western historiography (post-“Ranke” history) in some ...


1

Likely widespread practice First, we must establish some basic facts. There is a lot of proof that human sacrifice was widespread in region of Middle East and North Africa. Idea that Carthaginians sacrificed their children is not a Roman slander, there is hard archeological evidence for that. Sacrifice to Moloch and Baal is well known from Bible, but also ...


1

At risk of pointing out the obvious, just about every early text of significance was oral tradition of some shape or form put in writing, with varying degree of research and reinterpretation on top -- not unlike, let's face it, oral tradition itself. Think the Bible, Herodotus, etc. all the way to the Middle Ages when sources become common enough that you're ...


1

The rifle is almost certainly a K98 Mauser - one giveaway is the silver grommet on the stock halfway between the trigger and butt plate. A rod would slide through that grommet in a rack of K98's to lock them in the rack when not in use. Most K98's have that grommet, while that particular locking method isn't used much outside of the Mauser. It is possible, ...


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