22

The short answer is no. Although the origins of hieroglyphic writing are disputed to some extent, modern scholarship leans towards the idea that it developed independently in Egypt, and "no definitive determination has been made as to the origin of hieroglyphics in ancient Egypt". In Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of ...


18

This thesis is manifestly false, and is indicative of the weaknesses of "Guns, germs and steel". For example, the making of iron tools was probably passed up the Nile, to Kush and Meroe, and then across to East Africa; they were making iron tools well before 1000 AD; evidence of iron work by the Nok of Nigeria exists as earlier than 400 BC. Nok culture - ...


17

The Cuban intervention in Angola was entirely in keeping with the regime's outlook since the revolution. C. Sobers, in Investigating Cuban Internationalism: the First Angolan Intervention, 1975, observes that The Angolan intervention culminated a decade of interest in African affairs, and was a prime example of Cuban internationalism. Cuban ...


17

Like most early Indian trading firms operating in South Africa, Dada Abullah & Co. went into rapid decline after the turn of the century.[1] The firm's founder and principal partner, Abdullah Haji Adam Jhaveri (i.e. Dada Abdullah) did not have any sons to succeed him, while his sole daughter was married in India. Thus, upon his death in 1912, the firm ...


14

Indeed, Mandela did not want to renounce violence, during his incarceration, as a means of political change. While he had been offered an end to his imprisonment quite a few times, he categorically refused on the basis that entering an agreement that did not acquiesce to the ANC's demands would be to betray his cause and the South-African people. Take for ...


13

The Crown could not refuse assent without launching a coup d'etat against parliament in circumstances that would have produced outrage against the Crown sufficient to result in an election that would surely return a ministry bound to dismiss the existing Governor General, and, potentially, force a republic. Westminster inspired Crowns have generally sought ...


11

Following up on Tom's answer, there is actually a reason there was a large white minority in South Africa, but not in India. The Bantu peoples (of which most living native South Africans are descendents) spread across most of Sub-Saharan Africa in large part due to having an agricultural package that worked well for that tropical climate. In particular, ...


10

First of all, both India and South Africa became free of Britain, shortly after World War II, India in 1947, and South Africa in 1948. Your question appears to be, why didn't "indigenous" people in South Africa become free at the same time as the Indians. The answer is that there was a large white minority in South Africa (about 25% of the population) in ...


9

Nelson Mandela and Justice Mtirara ran away to Johannesburg, where a former member of Chief Jongintaba's court worked as an overseer at Crown Mines. He found them both jobs: Mtirara as a clerk, and Mandela a security guard. Their brief careers ended however when Jongintaba tracked them down and ordered them back. Justice returned home and succeeded his ...


8

The short answer is yes, the British monarch was technically the Head of State for South West Africa (formerly Deutsch-Südwestafrika) from the grant of the Mandate by the League of Nations until South Africa became a republic on 31 May 1961. It's worth noting that South West Africa didn't become known as Namibia until the UN General Assembly changed the ...


8

My father worked in Lesotho from 1975 until the mid 1980s. I attended a boarding school in Bloemfontein in the Orange Free State from 1975 - 1977 (after which I transferred back to a boarding school in the UK. I returned to Lesotho for the holidays, and between 1975 and 1979 I visited all of the provinces of South Africa. So here are my observations, for ...


8

The name al-batriq was first used by bishara zalzal in the article named al-batriq. The article is published in al-muktatef magazine on june 1878. In that article he talked about the penguin and he said "I used al-batriq as the Arabic name for this bird because in Latin it is named penguin which means the "chubby bird" and batriq means the same thing in ...


7

For Cuba and Soviet Union fighting imperialism was not a goal in itself but a mean to establish Communist regimes in other countries. The declared final goal of communists is the victory of worldwide communist revolution. The disagreements between Soviet Union and Cuba were of purely tactical character (when and where and whom to fight). But the general ...


7

Dada Abdulla and Sons in South Africa needed a lawyer who could speak Gujarati to settle a dispute: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (his birth name) arrived in South Africa in 1893 at the relatively tender age of 24 as a newly qualified lawyer on a temporary assignment to act on behalf of a local Indian trader in a commercial dispute. What was meant to be a ...


7

The Cape Province had had a qualified franchise from the introduction of responsible government in 1853, based a fairly low property threshold for men regardless or race (similar to the UK at the time) to which a literacy test was later added. Natal had a franchise which was in theory non-discriminatory but in practice was white men only, and not all of ...


7

Although the Portuguese had dozens of small forts and watering stations all along the coast at various times, none of these were developed as settlements because South Africa originally had no interesting or valuable trade goods to provide. South Africa has a dry climate and the aborigines were very primitive hunter/gatherers. There were no mines, spices or ...


6

The Royal Sussex Regiment Brighton War Memorial notes the following timeline of deaths and activities: Barttelot, Capt. Sir Walter George: killed in action at Retief's Nek, July 23rd, 1900 (1st battalion) Bleach, Pvt. Frank - died at the Hospital, Bloemfontein, of enteric fever, on 14th March 1901. Brookshaw, Pvt. Benjamin A - At Krugersdorp, with ...


5

The earliest evidence for Egyptian writing as writing (used to record language) goes back to circa 3250 BC, in the city of Abydos. Traces of earlier symbol use in an accounting context (e.g., cylinder seals) have also been found going back to about 3800 BC, indicating a gradual transformation of symbolic markings into an actual writing system. See here for a ...


4

In addition to Tyler Durden's answer, which is right, I would like to note that when crossing from Atlantic to Indian Ocean, ships sail far away from the coast, which is dangerous. Therefore, the area around the Cape Good Hope is not a very good place to build a settlement intended to support the route. Reference: Parry, J.H. The discovery of the sea. 1974. ...


3

If I remember correctly, the white apartheid government was pretty clever at making the "it's us or the Communists" argument. That would have immediately fixated Reagan's opposition. Remember, at the time, there were a number of West-vs-Soviet flashpoints in Africa. Now, I am not actually supportive of that argument, and certainly history hasn't turned ...


3

The overall decline of South African infrastructure is an ongoing trend that predates the rise of the ANC. A number of articles in the economic literature look at the data on this. Here is one that concludes: Public sector investment in South Africa’s economic infrastructure rose as a percentage of GDP between 1960 and 1976, but this was ...


3

The Bantustans were an attempt to burden Black communities with administrative responsibility, without affording them substantial resources. Consider their tortuous borders and desolate locations. Per Encyclopedia Britannica, they were "a major administrative device for the exclusion of blacks from the South African political system".


3

Am quite happy to oblige. I grew up in South Africa, with Afrikaans my second language. Went to an Afrikaans school till the age of ten. Spent the early seventies in the Anti-Apartheid activist group around Richard Turner in Durban - have been trying to write a book about that period for years. (He was murdered in 1978 - he's usually mentioned in the same ...


2

BDS itself had limited economic effects, according to a study of South African financial markets: Abstract: We study the most important legislative and shareholder boycott to date, the boycott of South Africa's apartheid regime, and find that corporate involvement with South Africa was so small that the announcement of legislative/shareholder ...


2

The only historical connections that I know that exist starting with Ancient Greece and moving forward to the 18 hundreds are through Egypt pushing upriver (South) through the Nile and then through sporadic contact with the Romans (who were the Nubians for example?) After that you have the Portuguese and West Africa but even then I know of little contact ...


1

As far as I can tell, no. There are no recorded eyewitness accounts or other direct historical evidence of the incidents that I can find other than Gandhi's memoirs. According to the article, "Transforming our townscapes: the Pietermaritzburg experience" by Robert F. Haswell, a historical marker was placed at the likely spot of the incident, but the ...


1

At first, Sub-Saharan Africa is an amazingly large territory and it would take ages to pinpoint all indication for contact of each of its regions with the rest of the world. As a result, I will focus on the most documented set of contacts, which are contacts of Eastern Sub-Saharan Africa with the Mediterranean, through the Nile. Different cultures developed ...


1

[Portuguese built a small fort in Great Fish River shore1, short-lived: They called the Great Fish River "Rio do Infante", and decided to build a fort there. Short time after, they abandoned it to settle at "Rio de La Goa", unknown location.


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