28

Khan is an adopted surname, especially popular in Pakistan and parts of India. It literally means "Leader" in Turkic languages, and can be roughly translated to "King." Genghis Khan can be translated to King Genghis without too much quibbling, so think of the surname Khan to be similar to the English surname King (As in Martin Luther King, Jr.) It came to ...


15

Because Afghanistan had already been a fully independent country for 30 years, the population of which was no more interested in the being subject to the hegemony of Choudhary Rahmat Ali's Punjabi imperialism than were the Bengalis. The latter unfortunately had to wait a quarter century to gain independence. Ali's clever coining of an acronym in 1933, from ...


13

RI Swamp Yankee has provided a good answer however I find some aspects lacking and some misinformation in the otherwise decent answer. Mongols and Islam When talking about Mongols, one has to remember that later Khans of Ilkhanate and Golden horde converted to Islam and thus their trends and traits were absorbed into wider Islamic hegemony especially in ...


12

The question, whatever objections are made to its phrasing, boils down to: India won 3 wars easily and hasn't pushed its advantage to take over Pakistani Kashmir. Why? This is highly speculative, but I wonder what India would gain from taking over Pakistani Kashmir. Policing Indian Kashmir has been a money drain, international embarrassment (India ...


12

Sati were supposed to be voluntary. Since it was offensive to the sentiments of the Mughals, its rulers such as Akbar the Great explicitly banned involuntary sati. On a superficial level, therefore, most these women were not resistant to committing sati at all. In fact, the Mughals expended a great deal of effort trying to convince women applying for ...


9

Political expediency. A common, populist explanation is that Aurangzeb Alamgir was religiously conservative, as taninamdar has noted. However, this is certainly not the whole picture. Though his personal religious outlook may well have been an underlying bias, political considerations were at least equally important reasons for Aurangzeb's policies - if not ...


9

Firstly, linguistic groups do not represent genetic haplogroups. If by "race" we mean a constructed identity based upon language, then the debate on AIT, OIT (Out of India Theory) and other such theories make sense. With respect to genes, however, the results are far more confusing, because genetic 'types' seem to be much more mixed up. This study reported ...


7

The first paper basically says that genetically, some remains dated around 2500BCE from an Indus Valley Civilization individual show no central Asian (presumably Indo-European) component. The second says that Modern South Asians do have that genetic component. Both are entirely consistent with a historical picture where Indo-European speakers from central ...


6

It wont be totally right to say that the Aryan migration theory has no physical base at all and only a philological base. The Bogazkoy inscription in Asia minor, and the Al Armena inscriptions naming Rigvedic characters, gave a strong support to the Indo Aryan Migration theory. The Rigveda mentions non Aryan people, with whom Aryans had to struggle. Aj ...


6

The debate between Frawley and Witzel over the use of the word Samudra does not led to a clear-cut "victory" for the latter. Witzel has been known to make mistakes and even play politics. He also starts from the "Aryans originate in Central Asia" premise and proceeds to get the (mainly linguistic) evidence for it. The Harappans of the Indus Valley have ...


6

20 Baluch with some tanks had secured the area immediately around the cantonment in the morning. This is the 26th of March during Operation Searchlight, the start of the war. As I suspected, they had tanks and used them from the beginning.


5

In the memoirs Babur himself wrote, the Bāburnāma, there's indeed a lot of beheading. Some examples (by no means an exhaustive list): Husain Mirza ordered that all prisoners should be beheaded; this not here only but wherever he defeated a rebel son, he ordered the heads of all prisoners to be struck off. And why not? Right was with him. p. 140-141 ...


4

The Pakistani General Election of 1970 (delayed in East Pakistan/Bangladesh until Jan 1971 due to flooding) resulted in no seats for the Bangladesh Awami League in West Pakistan. The polarised geographic concentration of party influence (BAL in the East, PPP in the West) lead to the Bangladesh Liberation War.


4

Based on news reporting on India/China of the last decades, India has taken great care in avoiding a conflict with China. There have been many border conficts between them in the last decades on their present border. Taking northern Kashmir would extend that common border. With this in mind, togeather with the reasons given in the first answer, would ...


3

Background The main thrust of the Indian Army during the 1971 war was directed towards the eastern theatre, with the western sector envisaged as a holding operation to prevent the Pakistan Army from achieving any success that would allow the President of Pakistan, Yahya Khan, any bargaining tool to trade against the captured territories in the east. By the ...


3

There was not any constant size for their navy. Their ship building was institutionalized. Ships were built for different purposes, such as war ships (like kanni, mandalam, thalam and a few more), food supply ships and trade ships. It is widely said that the size of the smallest fleet would have contained about 12 ships and the number grew larger based on ...


3

A recent paper from Archaeogenetics might be of interest in this regard. I do not know enough about genetics and its methods, to comment on the validity of the results. But for those who do, this shall be an apt link A genetic chronology for the Indian Subcontinent points to heavily sex-biased dispersals I shall quote the abstract Background India is ...


2

In the 1971 Bangladesh war in the eastern theaters pakistan had 1 armored regiment which consist of 75 US made M24 Chaffee tanks. Tanks was used in Dakha during operation searchlite on March 25th. Chittagong also saw some tank actions dring the same operation. During the operation searchlite which started on March 25 to April 10 Pakistani Army used Tanks ...


2

Despite what is claimed in wikipedia (see Rajib's comment), actually, drāviḍa – occurs already in the Mahabharata, as is mentioned by Turner: 6632 *drāmiḍa - , dramiḍa -- , drāviḍa -- MBh., draviḍa -- m. Mn. ʻ name of a people, Dravidian ʼ. [EWA ii 73] Pk. damila -- , daviḍa -- , davila -- m.; OSi. demeḷ ʻ Tamil ʼ, Si. demaḷā. http://dsalsrv02.uchicago....


2

This is original pic of document placed at state museum bikaner rajasthan


2

In the article about Jinnah, Wikipedia says: The British in May [of 1946] released a plan for a united Indian state comprising substantially autonomous provinces, and called for "groups" of provinces formed on the basis of religion. Matters such as defence, external relations and communications would be handled by a central authority. Provinces ...


2

It would help to have specific examples of textbooks or courses that associate the Mughals with the medieval period, but the article "Early Modern India and World History" (Richards, 1992) argues that the Mughals should in fact be seen as part of the early modern period: For South Asian history I believe it makes a good deal of sense to use the ...


2

As one can see on a modern map, the region is contested from three sides, at least. At the time an intervention from the Soviet Union or China would be the least desirable for both Pakistan and India. Support from any other outside force would have had to be indirect, as this region is of difficult geography far from the sea. This limits any potential aid ...


2

One of the main imperatives for standardised time in India was the railways. Since the pre-1975 Kingdom of Sikkim had no railways, I suspect it may not have had standardised time either. A lack of standardised time means that each settlement uses its "local solar time" which means that noon is when the sun is at its highest. They use that to set their ...


1

Two reasons: Most of the border between India and Pakistan in Kashmir is barren land made inhospitable during winter. India trumped Pakistan and occupied Siachen Glacier, which it continues to hold till date. Maintaining Siachen itself is a big expense for India. Maintaining the newly occupied territories is also going to be another drain. India needs to ...


1

Tamil-Brahmi and Sanskrit were both derived from the Brahmi Script of the Mauryas. Tamil Brahmi evolved into Vattelattu after 200 CE. Like Tamil-Brahmi, it was used to write the Tamil language. Around 500, the Pallavas developed a new script called Grantha, or Pallava script. This was derived from Tamil-Brahmi, but was used to write Sanskrit. It was also ...


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