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Two elements can be araised to answer the question. First, the Gulags of the tsars and of the Soviet Union were very different: different people were put there, and they had different conditions of life. During the Impérial period, some cities effectively develop from the families of people sent to Gulag, and with the other infrastructure around these ...


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China and Soviet Union were fighting for primacy in communist world, they both needed Vietnam for that First we need to notice that Sino-Soviet split started before Vietnam war, and long before 1969. Without going into too much details, conflict was mostly ideological but some national interest were also involved. Both sides criticized each other, but that ...


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Yes, the soviet defeat in Afghanistan was a major contributor to the fall of the Soviet Union. The Red Army was the institutional guarantee of the Soviet Unions stability; it brought together draftees from all of the member republics into a single organization under Russian domination which could be used to control those same republics and could be used to ...


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I am not sure to understand the question, but one possibility could be: - How did the armies of both sides impress the other by their success against pro-Western or pro-Eastern ennemies? First, the Korean War was a good news for the Soviet: their pilots, on homemade Mig-15, were able to fight the US Air Force and the Chinese, on the ground, effectively ...


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This is a case very similar to what happened in WW1. Germanu had showed no sign of fighting will against the Trans-Sibiria logistical network. This network had helped the Russians and their Siberian armies to crush Ottoman and Austrian resistance in WW1. In the second world war the same thing happened and Japanese were under control of the Allies just like ...


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"International Geophysical Year" (IGY) ran from from 1 July 1957 to 31 December 1958. Eisenhower's speech in October 1957 was being made in that context. Image source Wikimedia The United States' Explorer 1 satellite was launched as one of the projects for that year. The US intention to launch an artificial satellite during the IGY had been announced in ...


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