35

Q Why does a Star of David appear at a rally with Francisco Franco? Because the symbol was much more ambiguous at the time, and not a one-to-one signifier of "Jewishness". Because Franco had his base in Northern Africa, Morocco, and the symbol represents this early power base, just as the other flags show where his support came from. Most ...


21

Although we can't tell the colours from the OP's photo, and although the dimensions are different, circumstantial evidence suggests this may be the flag of the Khalif of Morocco, the puppet ruler who helped Franco's nationalists (see below). Image source: Flags of the World The hexagram flag is almost certainly a reference to Spanish Morocco (with which, ...


17

I am not sure what Hitler did know about the political details of Spain and I certainly cannot be sure of what he was thinking, so I will just laid out some data and thoughts: While Franco's side is usually labeled as "fascist", the truth is that it was a blend of forces, including the Church, traditionalists and monarchists of several branches, grand ...


10

Hitler is saying that he thinks he can make use of the Spanish communists, some day, so some sort of contact with them ought to be maintained (that's the metaphor "keep them on the back burner.") He's saying that the communists lost out firstly to democracy, and then later they lost out to Franco and his group. He's agreeing with something that Speer seems ...


7

In addition to the excellent answers, German inter-war tank designs had two technical advantages: turret layout and radios. The Panzer I and Panzer II both had the commander also operating the gun. The Germans learned that being a tank commander was a full time job: commanding the tank, scanning for targets, listening to the command radio network. With ...


7

Points to be taken into account: In the months leading to the coup, there had been lots of political violence and terrorism. the workers that would be receiving weapons would not be under the government control, they would be managed by the trade unions/political parties they belonged to. With the enemy (as far as the government knew) isolated in Africa (...


7

I don't have much specific knowledge about this topic, but I can help you try to dig a little deeper into other relevant articles on Wikipedia :) The two sides of the Spanish Civil War were the Republicans versus the Nationalists. The Republican side constitutes the "left" referred to in the question. The Nationalists sought to restore the "traditional" ...


5

Not much people. Although Alfonso XIII did support the actions of Franco (probably because he though that he will remove the republicans and give him back the throne), Franco was not really a supporter of the idea of monarchy (in fact some conservative people used to say that the only defect of Franco was that he was a republican). Also, note that in the ...


4

In general you're right that their role was greatly overblown by foreign and Republican media, in order to create the impression of a worldwide popular mobilization standing shoulder to shoulder with the Spanish Republic, which clearly was not the case. It's not fair to say that the International Brigades suffered, in an absolute sense, from lack of ...


4

Both Japan and China had more pressing issues than a civil war half the world away. Note that long distance travel was harder and more expensive then. China wiki: Some Chinese joined the Brigades, and the majority of them eventually returned to China, while some went to prison or French refugee camps, and a handful remained in Spain Benton, Gregor; ...


4

In addition to other answers, it should be noted that the Germans were taking Spanish "Red" exiles to forced labour and extermination camps - notably Mauthausen - since 1940 and kept doing so until the end of the war. Clearly, that's not what could be expected if Hitler planed to be eventually in the same side of the "Reds" or make any use of them.


4

Secondary sources suggest the hostility Vargas had for the Soviets and communism and a strong Catholic influence puts his sympathies solidly in favor of Franco and the nationalists. Stanley Hilton uses contemporary US sources to suggest that the delay in recognizing the new Nationalist Franco regime was due only to a desire not to anger the US.(1) Colin ...


4

On the Brazilian political spectrum, Vargas was basically a "centrist" (during the 1930s). Like some other leaders, including President Roosevelt, he was caught between extreme right- and left-wing movements. Of the two, Vargas considered the left wing Communists potentially more de-stabilizing, so he mainly aligned with the right to crush the far left in ...


3

The truth is yes and no. The political parties that supported Franco were: -Pro-Alfonso monarquists. -Carlists -CEDA (conservative-alliance) -Falange After the Civil War, many people that supported Franco asked him to restore the monarchy while Falangists asked to reinforce the relation with Mussolini and Hitler. Franco took into account everybody, ...


2

Ok, I will be brief. Before the historical part, the general notes: Christianism in general and Catholicism love hierarchies: God -> Saints -> Men; Pope -> Bishops -> Priests -> Population, all of which was used for political justifications King -> Noble -> Serf, King/President -> Capitalist/Landowner -> Worker. Traditionally, the Church was one of the ...


2

There was probably no such person. He made the man up to make a general point, though similar people existed, and it's likely Orwell met them. I admire Orwell and agree with the political beliefs he expressed, about the Communists, and many other things. He was, however, a liar. His autobiographical work, Down and out in Paris and London, was at least half ...


2

There are two important things to consider. What this all is supposed to mean is pretty clear from context. Quoted below. In essence: The impressive people are "the Reds". They are to be "made use of", once Hitler finishes the East and turns back to the West, in this case towards dealing with the "reactionary" bunch around Franco. That is – according to ...


2

Inspired on your thread, I opened a thread about this in the alternatehistory.com forum. I agree with three of the answers from overoceans, Mariam and BBadolato. While some people have definitely exaggerated the degree of similarities between Fascism/Nazism and Communism, it's true that the Fascists and, especially, the Nazis didn't consider themselves ...


1

The Flag with the david star is a previous Moroccan flag (under spanish occupation) used in early 20th century....what's funny in the picture is that The German Nazi government’s policy was forcing Jews to wear identifying yellow badges with the David star in order to isolate them.... we can read in a Nazi propaganda leaflet : “Whoever bears this sign is an ...


1

To answer your question about the Catholic Church in 1930s Spain. The answer is, the Church wanted to avoid change and retain the status quo. To make an overly bold statement, the left were desperate for change based on the model emanating from Russia and the revolution of 1917. This is overly simplistic as there was no single faction of the left, it had ...


1

During the build up to WWII (which of course includes the period within which the Spanish Civil War happened) Vargas oscilated, probably on purpose, between a closer alliance with the US and UK, and increased relations with the Axis. This was reflected in his cabinet, with, for instance, Oswaldo Aranha being a fierce Americanophile, and Felinto Muller a ...


1

You concentrate in general Franco as the only leader. The Coup was lead by the commander Sanjurjo followed by Mola in the Peninsula and Franco as the leader of the Afrikan army (the best with the most experience in combat). The republican side has the important industrial areas, major part of the navy and the whole Air force. While nationalists has the best ...


1

It makes sense to look for a pattern of world civil wars in the 1850s-60s as the Industrial Revolution began to change wars. Guns were being mass-produced, railways being put in war use, and better communications. Antagonists soon tried out these new methods. China had an extremely bloody civil war over this period, its a good candidate for a foreign ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible