Sparta was a prominent city-state located in the south-eastern Peloponnese in ancient Greece. It was known as Lacedaemon in antiquity.

Sparta was a prominent city-state in ancient Greece, known as Lacedaemon in antiquity. Around 650 BC, it rose to become the dominant military land-power in ancient Greece, and was recognised as the overall leader of the combined Greek forces during the Greco-Persian Wars.

The Spartan social system and constitution, which completely focused on military training and excellence, was unique in ancient Greece.

Read more about the history of Sparta.