Hot answers tagged

13

To address Mark C Wallace's point, being ethnically Arabic and speaking the Arabic language are not the same thing. Arabic people existed long before the language we now call Arabic developed, albeit we tend not to refer to them as Arabic until the era of the spread of Islam and the Arabic language. This is not a detailed answer, and it relies on Wikipedia (...


11

Reasons for Arabs starting the war during Ramadan: Arab attacked Israel on October 6, 1973. That year, October was the month of Ramadan. But the main reason for attack on this day was Yom Kippur festival, which was on this day. Yom Kippur also known as Day of Atonement, is the holiest day of the year for the Jewish people. Arabs were defeated in all ...


8

I have tracked down the Dahl quote from Going Solo: We had nine Hurricanes at Haifa and the same number of pilots, and in the days that followed we were kept very busy. Our main job was to protect the navy ... every day they would sail up the coast past Tyre and Sidon to bombard the Vichy French forces in the mountains around the Damour river. And whenever ...


8

What counts as evidence? The internet is full of stories about him. But much relies on news outlets and personal accounts of spies or people fed by such agents. It's all fishy. When did he die? Multiple accounts disagree. The quasi "official story" now relies on the exact group of murky sources. Only biology tries to assure us that he probably does not live ...


8

Found information in the JSTOR article France's Middle Eastern Ambitions, the Sykes-Picot Negotiations, and the Oil Fields of Mosul, 1915-1918*: Georges Clemenceau ceded Mosul during a Sunday conversation at the French Embassy in London on December 1st 1918. Possibly for one or more of these three reasons: Removal of a source of friction with their British ...


8

Because they had just lost the battle of Masts to Muawiya bin abu sufyan in the previous year (655). The emperor Constans II was almost killed. And notice, when the pressure from the East was really weaker, in 668, he fought the Slavs to the North. And only in 659 "he campaigned far to the east, taking advantage of a rebellion against the Caliphate in ...


8

This is the most prominent of the inscriptions on the Grand Colonnade in Palmyra. It is a bilingual inscription dedicating the column in Greek and Palmyrene. The Greek portion of the inscription is as follows: ΗΒΟΥΛΗΚΑΙΟΔΗΜΟΣ ΙΟΥΛΙΟΝΑΥΡΗΛΙΟΝΖΗΝΟΒΙΟΝ ΤΟΥΚΑΙΖΑΒΔΙΛΑΝΔΙϚΜΑΛ ΧΟΥΤΟΥΝΑΣΣΟΥΜΟΥΣΤΡΑΤΗ ΓΗΣΑΝΤΑΕΝΕΠΙΔΗΜΙΑΘΕΟΥ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥΚΑΙΥΠΗΝΡΕΤΗ ...


7

Syria is controlled by Alawites who follow a specialized, somewhat secretive religion. This religion is often described as "shiite muslim," but that is a gross oversimplification. The Alawites have friendly, although sometimes uneasy, association with not only the Maronites, but with other Christian and non-Christian minorities including the Druse and others....


6

The Roman Empire had extended beyond the Euphrates since the second century CE. The Roman province of Mesopotamia had been established by the Emperor Septimius Severus in c 198 CE. (Technically, one might argue that the province was re-established by Septimius Severus, since an earlier province had been established by Trajan, before being given up by his ...


6

PzKpfw V "Panther" Tank 1944. Source: Wikipedia Short Answer As Samuel Russel pointed out, the Panzer Mark V was a complex and unreliable platform, requiring serious support logistics. This made it less desirable. And there is second factor to consider — availability. Post-WWII there were not as many surviving / serviceable Panthers as there were PzKpfw ...


6

Because the weapons system ill-suited the need: Perhaps the most telling observation of the French experiences with the Panther is their response to concerns of Chinese armor in Indo-China.  When the French government became aware that the Chinese communists had received Soviet-made IS tanks, they concluded that their own forces in French Indo-China (now ...


5

It looked like a relatively small shrine: (src: The Monument in Musa Dagh) According to one "Musa Dagh" site. Caveat: The picture is uncredited and lacks almost any context. How reliable the site itself is remains uncertain. A visual match to bricks seen left in the ruins is a bit sketchy, but also looks not 'impossible' to me. Usually, that's a bit ...


5

SHORT ANSWER In general, people in Palmyra dressed either in the Parthian style or the Greco-Roman style; sometimes these styles were mixed. DETAILED ANSWER An important trading centre which derived much of its wealth from the Silk Road, Palmyra was a multi-cultural city, influenced by both east (especially Iran) and west (Greece and Rome). This is ...


4

I am no expert on the topic, but I know Arabic and I have access to sources in Arabic (but disclaimer, I am a Sunni Muslim, so my sources are "Wahhabist" sources, and I do not agree with that misleading term "Wahhabism", but just you would understand). From Al Alukah Website, an author called Shareef AbdulAziz Al-Zuhairi wrote: "The Sad Ending: The new ...


4

Other than Suleyman's notorious short temper and tendency to keep grudges against people who caused offence whether real or imaginary, With further reading, it looks like that It wasn't Suleyman that the Generals personally disliked, rather his alliances. For context, Umayyads themselves were Adnanite Arabs (Qaysids) but Princes and Caliphs often allied ...


4

Wikipedia seems to be saying that that entire area up to the Euphrates is considered part of Syria (or "Greater Syria" if you prefer). You are correct that the English name for this particular desert (and only that desert), is "The Syrian Desert". Historically anywhere that is mostly uninhabited is going to have fairly vague political boundaries. If there's ...


3

Greek was the language of the ruling elite and Aramaic (or "Syriac") was widespread among the peasantry. However, Arabic was also widely spoken throughout Greater Syria, since there were many Arabic tribes in the area as well as in Iraq. Arabic inscriptions dating many centuries before Islam are found throughout Syria-Palestine, especially the ...


3

As said by bhau, the main impetus for the day of the attack was to coincide with a religious festival of the Israeli side, for advantage. In my reading on this war, the issue of Ramadan did not come up as a significant factor, nor did the Arab side show signs that would indicate severe supply or troop quality issues. The initial attacks, especially on the ...


1

Off the top of my head, things to learn in order to understand the pretext of the current Syrian civil war: Religions: Sunni Islam Alawi Islam Christianity Druze Ethnicity: Arab Kurds Palestinians Borders Formation: Sykes-Picot Agreement Arab-Israeli war of 1948 Arab-Israeli war of 1967 Politics: Baath-ism Hafiz el Assad's regime and civil oppression ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible