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35 votes
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How did the Bolsheviks fund their government?

This is based on an Estonian radio show, 'Müstiline Venemaa' ('Mystical Russia') by historian David Vseviov, chapters 'The Financing of Bolshevik Activities', which described the pre-1917 financing, ...
gktscrk's user avatar
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23 votes
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Why did post-Roman rulers abandon tax-paid army?

"abandoned Roman tax-payed army in favor of medieval feudal one, which was far worse." Paying an army with tax money does not confer inherently superior quality. While one could argue ...
Semaphore's user avatar
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14 votes
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How were taxes collected for traveling merchants in the middle ages?

I will try to answer this question beginning beyond its set time scope by including trade practices that were instituted in the late Roman/early Byzantine period and the Muslim world. In their work &...
YokedSinger8062's user avatar
13 votes

How heavily were the British taxing their American colonies?

It is rather difficult to find an exact number for how much colonists paid in taxes This article on PBS Newshour says: the average British citizen who resided in Britain paid 26 shillings per ...
Dan Anderson's user avatar
11 votes
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Was there a tax on being fat in Gaul?

I think you're remembering a comment in Strabo's Geography, Book 4, Chapter 4, where he quotes Ephorus saying: Ephorus, in his account, makes Celtica so excessive in its size that he assigns to ...
Charlie Tizzard Ó Kevlahan's user avatar
10 votes

Roman Taxes: how did taxes collected in the provinces get to Rome?

Gaius Gracchus's reforms in 123BC saw the introduction of the practice of Tax Farming were the burden of tax collection was reassigned by the Roman State to private individuals or groups known as ...
Notaras's user avatar
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10 votes
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Did Soviet Union have the requirement that people submit yearly tax returns?

The answer is no, for the majority of people. Most people in the Soviet Union had only one (legitimate) source of income: their salary. Tax was withheld at source, at a specified rate, and none of ...
Alex's user avatar
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7 votes

What proportion of US government revenue came from taxes on slaves, between 1790 and 1846?

For its first seven decades the federal government was supported almost entirely by customs revenue, not taxes on slaves. Slavery's most direct connection to taxation occurred at the state/local level ...
FMc's user avatar
  • 171
6 votes

How did the Bolsheviks fund their government?

I personally doubt this report's accuracy. I've seen numerous reports, news articles of the time 1918-20 in the American/British press that this just seems another one far from reality (like those in ...
d.k's user avatar
  • 1,178
5 votes

Were debts owed or outstanding debts factored into the Roman census?

tl;dr Yes, it appears that debts were taken into account by the censors, and that details were provided as part of the statement given by every Roman citizen to the censors. This is an interesting ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
5 votes
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How did early America collect taxes?

There actually was no Federal Income Tax until 1861, and none during peacetime until 1894. Due to how Congress' taxation powers were worded, prior to the passage of the 16th Amendment, passing ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
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4 votes

What are some government expenditure reports from the Middle ages?

If the British Isles are within your range, the Pipe Rolls survived in a continuous series from 1155, with some earlier ones also extant. The UK National Archives has information online about how to ...
John Dallman's user avatar
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4 votes
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Leaders killed or removed for reducing the privileges of the rich

A list question par excellence but I'll allow myself to be tempted nevertheless... Agis IV & Cleomenes III. The Gracchi brothers. Kavadh I. Thomas Sankara.
Felix Goldberg's user avatar
3 votes

When did countries first allow travellers to import duty free alcohol and tobacco

"The world’s first airport duty free shop was opened at Shannon Airport by Dr Brendan O’Regan in 1947 to serve trans-Atlantic airline passengers travelling between North America and Europe. ...
MCW's user avatar
  • 33.7k
3 votes

Why did US federal tax revenue jump in 1815?

Question: ? Why did US federal tax revenue jump in 1815? What happened here? Short Answer: War hurt trade, and trade was the largest revenue source for the US before 1812. War ends in early 1815. ...
JMS's user avatar
  • 279
3 votes
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What was the inheritance tax rate in the UK during WWI and WWII?

This graph illustrates the top inheritance tax rates since 1900 for four major Western governments: U.K., U.S., France, and Germany. For the U.K. in regards the two world wars it shows the top rate ...
Pieter Geerkens's user avatar
2 votes
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What taxes were legally required to be paid in silver in Qing China?

Even under the early Qing when silver was relatively abundant, taxes weren't necessarily paid by households with physical silver, only assessed / denominated in terms of silver. As one article (which ...
Brian Z's user avatar
  • 21.6k
2 votes

Did the Greeks and Romans use reputational incentives to induce people to pay more tax?

Many public works were privately financed by completely voluntary benefactors. Those then had their names attached to buildings, like Flavian theatre, Basilica Maxentius, Baths of Caracalla etc. This ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
  • 80.6k
2 votes

What taxes were assessed on people in Alta California?

I'm not a historian and have no expertise on California, but overall it seems that neither of these regimes would have had much capacity to impose taxes in Alta California. In theory, according to a ...
Brian Z's user avatar
  • 21.6k
2 votes
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What was the ancestor of VAT called?

Wikipedia to the rescue (At least possibly) The types of tax that were next in importance were the real and personal property taxes like the verponding, a kind of rates. This amounted to 8.5 ...
MCW's user avatar
  • 33.7k
2 votes

What did publicani markings on slaves sold out of the empire look like?

I am afraid there is not a lot of information whatsoever regarding the wording or the way it looked. I do recall reading once, i think it was on wikipedia under the page of Human branding that ancient ...
Heisenbug's user avatar
  • 146
1 vote

How exactly did most nobles gain wealth?

The Doomsday Book makes clear that in England, by the time of the Conquest, not only is there considerable economic surplus but many of the peasants were far from subsistence farmers. The peasant ...
Pieter Geerkens's user avatar
1 vote

How did the Bolsheviks fund their government?

1) the bolsheviks were revolutionary maximalist social democrats with a class basis in the bourgeoisie, intelligentsia and aristocracy. This means that they viewed their concrete political activity ...
Samuel Russell's user avatar

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