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39

This is based on an Estonian radio show, 'Müstiline Venemaa' ('Mystical Russia') by historian David Vseviov, chapters 'The Financing of Bolshevik Activities', which described the pre-1917 financing, and 'Banking. Money Reform' and 'Speculations around Money', which described activities after Bolsheviks formed the government. Summary Answer This is to ...


14

I will try to answer this question beginning beyond its set time scope by including trade practices that were instituted in the late Roman/early Byzantine period and the Muslim world. In their work "Merchant Guilds, Taxation and Social Capital" they mention the following in Chapter 2.2 when analysing the medieval taxation on trade: From at least ...


7

I personally doubt this report's accuracy. I've seen numerous reports, news articles of the time 1918-20 in the American/British press that this just seems another one far from reality (like those in which the Bolsheviks were defeated etc). From what I know, since 1918 the Bolsheviks started "prodrazvyorstka" — commandeering grain from peasants. From this ...


2

1) the bolsheviks were revolutionary maximalist social democrats with a class basis in the bourgeoisie, intelligentsia and aristocracy. This means that they viewed their concrete political activity through the lens of immanent and imminent (right now the next thing) world revolution. Particularly in Germany. To this extent the bolsheviks did not attempt an ...


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