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Swedish army I have one word for you in this case: hymns. Religion and prayer were very systematically organized in the Swedish army: [Gustavus Adolphus] led troops in singing hymns as they marched to war, ordered prayers twice daily by the whole army, and assigned pastors to every regiment. This blend of prayer and black powder made the Swedish ...


5

The 1618 Prague defenestration took place on May 23th, 1618 and Oñate's news about it arrived to Madrid in July 1618. This is compatible with the duration of the communication to be 5-7 weeks which is absolutely reasonable. 200,000 ducats were immediately reserved to beat the courageous Czechs and additional 500,000 ducates were sent in November. The ...


4

Even after the Peace of Westphalia, Swedish rule was well-regarded to the extent that it was regarded at all. The problem was that Swedish rulers exerted very little power in Pomerania, where two-seventh of the people still lived in serfdom at this late date, and the rest of the rural poor were not much better off.This was due to the power of the local ...


1

Prior to the early part of the 16th century, that is 1517, there was no religious Catholic Protestant split to speak of. The European Wars of the 16th century mostly centered around the Holy Roman Empire (HRE), the entity that was the one most divided by the Catholic-Protestant split. This would include the modern Netherlands and Belgium, (shaded pink on ...


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