50 votes
Accepted

Was there ever a treaty between 2 entities with significantly different translations to the detriment of one party?

The Treaty of Waitangi (1840) between the British and Maori chiefs of North Island, New Zealand This treaty has "long been the subject of debate". Wikipedia's Treaty of Waitangi article goes into ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
42 votes

Was there ever a treaty between 2 entities with significantly different translations to the detriment of one party?

Many examples throughout history but of the top of my head I can think of- The Treaty of Wuchale between Italy and Ethiopia, where in the Italian version Ethiopia became a vassal or protectorate, but ...
turoo's user avatar
  • 598
33 votes

Were secret treaties ratified? How did they become official while remaining secret?

There are some misconceptions about what ratification means. Though it is now common for treaties to be ratified by a legislature, that has never been essential to the ratification process. In ...
Semaphore's user avatar
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26 votes

Was there ever a treaty between 2 entities with significantly different translations to the detriment of one party?

UN Resolution 242 demanding withdrawal from the occupied territories in Palestine after the 1967 war. Wikipedia entry The English text has a different emphasis on territories, some might fit, ...
Italian Philosophers 4 Monica's user avatar
25 votes
Accepted

What's the oldest treaty still being enforced?

Historical Both Parties Sovereign and Remain Sovereign Anglo-Portuguese Alliance (or Aliança Luso-Britânica), ratified at the Treaty of Windsor in 1386, between England (succeeded by the United ...
sds's user avatar
  • 27k
22 votes
Accepted

Did the Soviet Union protest against Italy building or acquiring submarines after WW2?

A paper in Diplomatic History titled "From Disarmament to Rearmament: The United States and the Revision of the Italian Peace Treaty of 1947" covers the issue fairly well. The bottom line is ...
Jon Custer's user avatar
  • 2,655
19 votes
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Is this a photo of a historical reinactment of an 1868 treaty signing?

No, the pictures cannot be taken in 1868. In the second one you can see a person wearing a leather jacket with a zipper. The earliest zippers were available and practicable for clothing (beside shoes) ...
ccprog's user avatar
  • 5,109
17 votes
Accepted

Why did the Roberts Treaty of 1833 have a Portuguese translation annexed to it?

The Portuguese were the first westerners to reside in (then) Siam (now) Thailand. The Portuguese embassy is the oldest embassy in the kingdom, and now a monument. Do mind that the relations go back ...
Jos's user avatar
  • 22k
16 votes

In the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, was there any secret agreement on the timetable, if any, of taking the spheres of influence?

No, there were no dates formally agreed upon. Some historians (ref. Victor Suvorov's "Icebreaker") speculate that there is indirect evidence suggesting that along with the "Communazi ...
Be Brave Be Like Ukraine's user avatar
15 votes

Was there ever a treaty between 2 entities with significantly different translations to the detriment of one party?

First Nations in Canada didn't really understand what they were signing for Treaty 6. The reference for this is (I quoted a bit below) An important factor was the cultural and language differences ...
user39035's user avatar
  • 151
14 votes

Is this a photo of a historical reinactment of an 1868 treaty signing?

Beneath both photographs is a description: This item was produced or created on January 24, 1955. The creator compiled or maintained the parent series, Photographs of Navajo Life in the Southwestern ...
Mark H's user avatar
  • 241
13 votes

Was it not clear to the WWI allies that they were over-reaching with the treaty of Sevres?

You are correct, the Turkish National Movement heavily resisted treaty of Sevres which culminated in the Turkish War of independence...the treaty didn't last long. Isn't it obvious that that treaty ...
Twelfth's user avatar
  • 2,722
13 votes

Was there ever a treaty between 2 entities with significantly different translations to the detriment of one party?

Another angle would be that a treaty text is in just one language, but held ambiguous, on purpose, and the explanation of content presented to one party made unambiguous, and misleading on purpose, ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
11 votes

How did recognition by Morocco influence the history of the USA?

It is indeed unfortunate that the influence of Morocco (and nearby countries of the Maghreb) on the early history of the United States was overlooked, because it was overshadowed by even larger events....
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 105k
11 votes

Compulsion for Germany to accept the Treaty of Versailles?

The armistice severely impeded the German ability to continue to wage war: They lost their submarines so could no longer counter-blockade the UK They lost their battle fleet so could no longer ...
Doug B's user avatar
  • 2,372
9 votes

Were discrepancies from the 45th parallel in the US-Canadian border ratified?

CGPGrey covered this in his video Canada & The United States (Bizarre Borders Part 2). You're basically correct. There's been a series of treaties about the US-Canada border. Rather than go into ...
Schwern's user avatar
  • 55.2k
8 votes

Was there ever a treaty between 2 entities with significantly different translations to the detriment of one party?

On July 3, 1754, British Colonel George Washington surrendered the improvised Fort Necessity to the French. The articles of capitulation that he signed were in French, and included an admission of ...
Davislor's user avatar
  • 1,547
7 votes

Why did the Roberts Treaty of 1833 have a Portuguese translation annexed to it?

Portugal had trading relations in Southeast Asia going back to the 16th century. The main Portuguese outpost was Macau, off the coast of China, but Siam was also an important "port of call." Either ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 105k
6 votes

Articles 3 & 5 of the Tripartite Pact are unclearly formulated. Was this standard for the period?

That's mostly owing to the fact that, while most defensive alliances are signed in peacetime, in this case all the parties involved were already at war. Usually defensive alliances are made to deter ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
  • 119k
6 votes
Accepted

Were discrepancies from the 45th parallel in the US-Canadian border ratified?

A 4-part "Ideas" radio program by the CBC (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation), called "On the Line: A Journal of Exploration along the Canada - U.S. Border" (presenter Marian Fraser), aired in Nov ...
bgwiehle's user avatar
  • 410
6 votes

What share of refugees crossed borders during WW2 and its aftermath?

Total estimates for the number of people displaced by World War II are at least as high as 60 million. The question is how many of these displaced people crossed international borders. I'm not sure, ...
Brian Z's user avatar
  • 20.7k
6 votes

Was there ever a treaty between 2 entities with significantly different translations to the detriment of one party?

There's a European union document called 'Study on Language and Translation in International Law and EU law' which has some examples of treaties with differences because of translations. It mentions ...
Fruit Monster's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

Has there ever been a great power that offered a major concession to a non-great power from a position of strength?

I agree with the comments to the original question, so I'll answer it in more of a "popular history" manner. The first one that comes to mind is the US's surrender terms for Japan in 1945. ...
Amorphous Blob's user avatar
4 votes

Compulsion for Germany to accept the Treaty of Versailles?

Several issues came together. Yes, there was a blockade and widespread hunger. A "last ditch effort" military offensive had failed. A revolution was brewing against the government.
o.m.'s user avatar
  • 17k
4 votes

Why did Britain and France not declare war against the Soviet Union when it invaded Poland in WW2?

In Book Two, Chapter 3, of The Gathering Storm, Winston Churchill quotes from his Cabinet memo of September 25, noting that he "struck a cool note". .... They [the Russians] are now limitrophe with ...
Pieter Geerkens's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

California land cases to the US Supreme Court

Most of them. I know that's kind of vague but: ...In these five years, 813 cases involving private land claims were heard by the Commission : 604 claim were confirmed; 190 rejected; and the rest ...
justCal's user avatar
  • 39.7k
4 votes
Accepted

Did the Vatican punish France for rejecting Tordesillas?

No, more the other way around. France was busy punishing the pope in the Italian war.
Jos's user avatar
  • 22k

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