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50

The Treaty of Waitangi (1840) between the British and Maori chiefs of North Island, New Zealand This treaty has "long been the subject of debate". Wikipedia's Treaty of Waitangi article goes into these differences in some details, noting that: The most critical difference between the texts revolves around the interpretation of three Māori words: ...


42

Many examples throughout history but of the top of my head I can think of- The Treaty of Wuchale between Italy and Ethiopia, where in the Italian version Ethiopia became a vassal or protectorate, but in the Ethiopian version they were more allies with the rights and privileges of a sovereign independent nation like foreign relations. The supposed breaking ...


26

UN Resolution 242 demanding withdrawal from the occupied territories in Palestine after the 1967 war. Wikipedia entry The English text has a different emphasis on territories, some might fit, whereas the matching French text seems to imply all. Pay particular attention to Article 1, subpart i. Specifically, des territoires in French, would be better ...


17

Historical Both Parties Sovereign and Remain Sovereign Anglo-Portuguese Alliance (or Aliança Luso-Britânica), ratified at the Treaty of Windsor in 1386, between England (succeeded by the United Kingdom) and Portugal is the oldest alliance in the world that is still in force – with the earliest treaty dating back to the Anglo-Portuguese Treaty of 1373. ...


14

First Nations in Canada didn't really understand what they were signing for Treaty 6. The reference for this is (I quoted a bit below) An important factor was the cultural and language differences between the First Nations and Europeans this led to misinterpretations between the two groups. While the government representatives “were the products of ...


12

Another angle would be that a treaty text is in just one language, but held ambiguous, on purpose, and the explanation of content presented to one party made unambiguous, and misleading on purpose, only for the deceiving party later to enforce pacta sunt servanda on one interpretation, claiming that there never was any ambiguity. That may happen even today ...


11

The armistice severely impeded the German ability to continue to wage war: They lost their submarines so could no longer counter-blockade the UK They lost their battle fleet so could no longer prevent Allied amphibious attacks They lost their frontier being forced to abandon territory West of the Rhine (with Allied bridgeheads on the East bank as well) They ...


11

It is indeed unfortunate that the influence of Morocco (and nearby countries of the Maghreb) on the early history of the United States was overlooked, because it was overshadowed by even larger events. As the questioner points out, the Treaty of Marrakesh opened the ports of Morocco to the 13 colonies, and was a form of diplomatic recognition, basically the ...


8

On July 3, 1754, British Colonel George Washington surrendered the improvised Fort Necessity to the French. The articles of capitulation that he signed were in French, and included an admission of guilt for “L'assasin” and “l’assasinat” (the assassination) of one of their officers. Washington later claimed that this word had been translated to him as “the ...


5

There's a European union document called 'Study on Language and Translation in International Law and EU law' which has some examples of treaties with differences because of translations. It mentions the Italy and Abyssinia one already in one answer here and also the UN resolution 242 in another answer here but there are also some other examples. A similar ...


4

Several issues came together. Yes, there was a blockade and widespread hunger. A "last ditch effort" military offensive had failed. A revolution was brewing against the government.


4

The Hague Convention of 1899 states: Art. 21. The obligations of belligerents with regard to the sick and wounded are governed by the Geneva Convention of 22 August 1864, subject to any modifications which may be introduced into it. Art. 60. The Geneva Convention applies to sick and wounded interned in neutral territory. The Geneva ...


3

I can find no references to an extradition treaty earlier than the Egypt/Hittite one that you mention. A number of sources beyond Wikipedia describe it as the most ancient. As an example: Kai I. Rebane in their Extradition and Individual Rights: The Need for an International Criminal Court to Safeguard Individual Rights published by Fordham International ...


3

Germany did not interfere in the Russian civil war after the Paris conference. Before the defeat, Germany helped Bolsheviks to seize power, and concluded the Brest treaty with them (separate peace). As a result of this treaty Germans occupied Ukraine. After the defeat, and Paris conference, they evacuated their troops from Ukraine, which made possible the ...


3

The Russian civil war was 1917-1922. In 1922 Germany and Russia signed the Treaty of Rapallo. Also, Germany had facilitated the transit of Lenin from his exile in Switzerland to Russia. Keep in mind that Germany had a Socialist government from 1918; they remained strong in 1920. While Socialists were feuding with the Communists, they were not exactly in ...


2

The preamble of the Preliminary Articles of Peace answers your question. To be inserted in, and to constitute the Treaty of Peace proposed to be concluded, between the Crown of Great Britain, and the said United States; but which Treaty is not to be concluded, untill Terms of a Peace shall be agreed upon, between Great Britain and France; and his ...


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